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12 and HoldingA Guide to Asperger SyndromeA Lethal InheritanceA Mother's Courage: Talking Back to AutismA Parent's Guide to Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning AutismA Special EducationA Toss Of The DiceA Tribe ApartA User Guide to the GF/CF Diet for Autism, Asperger Syndrome and AD/HDA Walk in the Rain With a BrainABC of Eating DisordersADD-Friendly Ways to Organize Your LifeADHD Grown UpADHD in the Schools: Assessment and Intervention StrategiesADHD NationAdolescence and Body ImageAdolescent DepressionAggression and Antisocial Behavior in Children and AdolescentsAll Alone in the UniverseAlpha GirlsAmericaAnother PlanetAntisocial Behavior in Children and AdolescentsAsperger Syndrome and Your ChildAsperger Syndrome, Adolescence, and IdentityAsperger's and GirlsAssessment of Childhood DisordersAttention Deficit DisorderAttention-Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity DisorderAutism - The Eighth Colour of the RainbowAutism and MeAutism's False ProphetsAutistic Spectrum DisordersBad GirlBeen There, Done That? DO THIS!Before I DieBetween Two WorldsBeyond AppearanceBig Mouth & Ugly GirlBipolar ChildrenBipolar Disorder in Childhood and Early AdolescenceBipolar DisordersBipolar KidsBlackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive DevelopmentBody Image, Eating Disorders, and ObesityBody Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in YouthBoy AloneBrain-Based Therapy with Children and AdolescentsBreaking PointBreathing UnderwaterBringing Up ParentsBullying and TeasingBullying PreventionBut I Love HimCan't Eat, Won't EatCaring for a Child with AutismCatalystChild and Adolescent PsychiatryChild and Adolescent Psychological DisordersChild and Adolescent PsychopathologyChild NeuropsychologyChild Well-BeingChildren and SexualityChildren Changed by TraumaChildren with Emerald EyesChildren with Sexual Behavior ProblemsChildren, Sexuality and SexualizationChildren’s Dreaming and the Development of Consciousness City of OneCommunication Issues In Autism And Asperger SyndromeConcepts of NormalityConcise Guide to Child and Adolescent PsychiatryConquering the Beast WithinConsuming KidsContesting ChildhoodCount Us InCrackedCrossesCutCyber-Safe Kids, Cyber-Savvy TeensDamageDemystifying the Autistic ExperienceDescartes' BabyDilemmas of DesireDirtyDisconnected KidsDoing SchoolDon't Bother Me Mom--I'm Learning!Don't Pick On MeDying to Be ThinEarly Intervention Programs and PoliciesEating an ArtichokeEducating Children With AutismEight Stories UpElijah's CupEmerald City BluesEmotional and Behavioral Problems of Young ChildrenEpilepticEthical Dilemmas in PediatricsEvery Girl Tells a StoryExiting NirvanaExploiting ChildhoodEye ContactFacing BipolarFamily HistoryFast GirlsForever YoungFreaks, Geeks and Asperger SyndromeFreewillFrictionGirl CultureGirl in the MirrorGirlfightingGirlhoodGirlWiseHandbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and AdolescentsHandbook of Preschool Mental HealthHealing ADDHelping Children Cope With Disasters and TerrorismHelping Hyperactive KidsHelping Parents, Youth, and Teachers Understand Medications for Behavioral and Emotional ProblemsHelping Students Overcome Depression and AnxietyHelping Teens Who CutHollow KidsHope's BoyHow Infants Know MindsHow to Keep Your Teenager Out of Trouble and What to Do If You Can'tHurry Down SunshineI Am Not Joey PigzaIdentifying Hyperactive ChildrenIf Your Adolescent Has an Eating DisorderIn the Company of CraziesIncorporating Social Goals in the ClassroomIntegrated YogaIntrusive ParentingIssues for Families, Schools and CommunitiesJake RileyJoey Pigza Loses ControlJoey Pigza Swallowed the KeyJuvenile-Onset SchizophreniaKim: Empty InsideLearning and Behavior Problems in Asperger SyndromeLearning Disorders and Disorders of the Self in Children and AdolescentsLearning Outside the Lines Let Kids Be KidsLiberation's ChildrenLife As We Know ItLisa, Bright and DarkLook Me in the EyeLoserLove and SexLove That DogMad at SchoolMaking ADD WorkMaking American BoysManicMastering Anger and AggressionMaverick MindMedicating ChildrenMind FieldsMind to MindMommy I'm Still in HereMore Than a LabelMy Flesh and BloodMyths of ChildhoodNew Hope for Children and Teens with Bipolar DisorderNew Look at ADHD: Inhibition, Time, and Self-ControlNo Child Left DifferentNo Two AlikeNon-Drug Treatments for ADHDNot Much Just Chillin'NurtureShockOdd Girl OutOdd Girl Speaks OutOne Hot SecondOne in ThirteenOphelia SpeaksOphelia's MomOur Journey Through High Functioning Autism and Asperger SyndromeOut of the WoodsOvercoming ADHDOvercoming School AnxietyParenting a Child Who Has Intense EmotionsParenting Children With ADHDParenting Your Out-Of-Control TeenagerPediatric PsychopharmacologyPediatric PsychopharmacologyPediatric PsychopharmacologyPeople with HyperactivityPhobic and Anxiety Disorders in Children and AdolescentsPINSPlease Don't Label My ChildPraising Boys WellPraising Girls WellProblem Child or Quirky Kid?Problem GirlsPsychotherapy for Children and AdolescentsPsychotherapy with Children and AdolescentsPurgeRaising a Moody ChildRaising BlazeRaising Generation RxRaising Resilient ChildrenReady or Not, Here Life ComesReclaiming Our ChildrenRedressing the EmperorReducing Adolescent RiskRemembering Our ChildhoodResilience in ChildrenRethinking ADHDReweaving the Autistic TapestryRitalin is Not the Answer Action GuideRitalin NationRunning on RitalinRunning with ScissorsRutter's Child and Adolescent PsychiatrySeeing EzraSex and the American TeenagerSex, Therapy, and KidsSexting and Young PeopleSexual Teens, Sexual MediaShort Term 12Should I Medicate My Child?SmashedSnapshots of AutismSongs Without WordsSophie Spikey Has a Very Big ProblemSpeakStaying Connected to Your TeenagerStick FigureStraight Talk about Psychiatric Medications for KidsStraight Talk about Psychological Testing for KidsStraight Talk about Your Child's Mental HealthStrange SonStudent DepressionSuicidal Behavior in Children and AdolescentsSurvival Strategies for Parenting Children with Bipolar DisorderSurviving OpheliaTaking Charge of ADHD, Revised EditionTaming the Troublesome ChildTemple GrandinThe American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook Of Child And Adolescent PsychiatryThe Anti-Romantic ChildThe Bipolar ChildThe Boy Who Loved Too MuchThe Boy Who Loved WindowsThe Boy Who Was Raised as a DogThe Buffalo TreeThe Bully Action GuideThe Bully, the Bullied, and the BystanderThe Burn JournalsThe Color of AbsenceThe Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-TimeThe Depressed ChildThe Developing MindThe Dragons of AutismThe Einstein SyndromeThe EpidemicThe Evolution of ChildhoodThe Explosive ChildThe Eyes of van GoghThe Fasting GirlThe Field of the DogsThe Flight of a DoveThe Hidden Gifts of the Introverted ChildThe Horse BoyThe Identity TrapThe Inner World of a Suicidal YouthThe Inside Story on Teen GirlsThe Kindness of StrangersThe Last Normal ChildThe Little MonsterThe Medicated ChildThe Myth of LazinessThe New Gay TeenagerThe Nurture AssumptionThe OASIS Guide to Asperger SyndromeThe Other ParentThe Perversion of YouthThe Philosophy of AutismThe Psychoanalytic Study of the ChildThe Real Truth About Teens and SexThe Ride TogetherThe Rise and Fall of the American TeenagerThe Science of ADHDThe Sex Lives of TeenagersThe Survival Guide for Kids With LD*The Unhappy ChildThen Again, Maybe I Won'tTherapy with ChildrenThings I Have to Tell YouThings Tom LikesThrough the Glass WallThumbsuckerTotally WiredTouching Spirit BearTrauma in the Lives of ChildrenTreating ADHD and Comorbid DisordersTreatment of Childhood DisordersTwistedUnder the Wolf, Under the DogUnhappy TeenagersUnstrange MindsWastedWe've Got IssuesWeather Reports from the Autism FrontWhat about the KidsWhat in the World Are Your Kids Doing Online?What Works for Whom?What Would Joey Do?What's Happening to My Body? Book for BoysWhat's Happening to My Body? Book for GirlsWhat's Happening to Tom?When Nothing Matters AnymoreWhen Your Child Has an Eating DisorderWhose America?Why Don't Students Like SchoolWill's ChoiceWinnicott On the ChildWorried All the TimeYou Hear MeYoung Minds in Social WorldsYoung People and Mental HealthYour Child, Bully or Victim?
The authors' stated goal for writing this book was to provide applied and practical strategies, but not to provide prescriptions. They recognize that schools need diverse strategies that meet their particular needs if they are to reduce bullying. This is not a manual. Rather it is a thoughtful approach to a timeless problem, which emphasizes the most recent research and focused on "evidenced based" programs. The book is divided into there sections: chapters 1-3 focus on understanding the major issues related to aggression, bullying and victimization; chapters 4-7 discuss general interventions; chapters 8-10 address specific interventions for persistent bullies. The appendix provides excellent resources for school personnel.
In chapter 1, the authors provide the reader with definitions of key terms with excellent vignettes that bring the terms to life. It also includes an excellent table on research related to bullying and aggression that allows the reader to follow up on the studies cited within the text. This focus on research is evident throughout the text and provides the reader with a wealth of references. This approach to the problem is evident throughout the book. Readers are presented with the most recent research on the topic and can follow up with a further examination of the literature.
Chapter 2 discusses the protective factors involved in aggression and bullying. This will enable school personnel to better appreciate the complex issues involved. By understanding these factors they will be better able to develop and implement an effective anti-bullying program.
Chapter 3 discusses theoretical models for understanding bullying and aggression. This is often neglected in books on bullying and this reviewer believes it is a critical omission. Opinas and Horne recognize that a meaningful and thoughtful program must have theoretical underpinnings or it will be no more than a cookbook approach to a significant problem. Perhaps one of the reasons that bullying has persisted for so long is the casual way in which programs are put into place. This book will provide schools with an excellent source of information that will foster meaningful discussions of what they need in their district or their building that will have a high probability of success. It will enable them to decide based on scientific evidence, not merely beliefs.
Chapter 4 discusses the School Social Competence and Bullying Prevention Model: The School Components of a positive school climate are presented with supporting data. The major components are: excellence in teaching, school values, awareness of strengths and problems, policies and accountability, caring and respect, positive expectations, support for teachers and the physical environment. The discussion provides challenges to erroneous beliefs about bullying and victimization and about teacher interventions to reduce bullying. This will be helpful for those responsible for staff development because a critical barrier to overcome is the erroneous beliefs teachers and administrators hold regarding this issue.
Chapter 5 addresses the role of the student in this model. The major components are: awareness, emotions, cognitions, social skills, mental health and learning abilities. Each component is followed by a list of specific objectives that will assist classroom teachers. Once again, clear, explicit examples are provided for the reader in boxed, highlighted fashion.
In chapter 6 the authors highlight the importance of evaluation. This is a chapter that belongs in every book that deals with any program in schools. This reviewer applauds the authors for providing the reader with such compelling reasons why this is so critical. Again, this is not a cookbook. They discuss the importance of evaluation, types of evaluations and ways to gather evidence. They are clear about the need to be culturally sensitive and use multiple measures. Anyone who follows their advice will be able to made decisions about the effectiveness of their program that can be supported by evidence. And moreover, allow them to make data based decisions about ways to alter or refine the program.
Chapter 7 provides a useful overview of universal bully-proof programs, with selected programs. This is incredibly useful to schools which already have a program and want to insure they are covering all the salient components. The references and websites are particularly helpful.
The last three chapters deal with persistent bullying, counseling, family interventions and supporting victim. This is an area of relative neglect. What can schools do when the problem is reduced but continues with a small number of students? These chapters will enable schools to address these students. The content, examples and annotated bibliography will be invaluable for administrators and teachers.
Finally, DO NOT IGNORE the appendix. Opinas and Horne provide the reader with resources for bullying prevention that should be on every school's website and/or bulletin board. The authors set out to provide readers with diverse strategies to address aggression and bullying in schools. They have clearly met their goal. This is a scholarly, yet eminently practical book. All school personnel would benefit from the content. Too often, school programs have been implemented without the thoughtful analysis necessary for success that this book provides. However, even for those who want a "how to" manual or "cookbook" approach to bullying prevention, this book has much to offer. The chapter on anti bullying programs (7) is thorough and the examples throughout are useful to all practitioners. Yet, this reviewer's hope is that administrators and teachers will read this book and finally recognize that this is a serious problem that deserves serious, thoughtful conversations about what their school needs to do. Schools need to spend as much time to ways to create a positive social climate as they do to ways to improve math and literacy test scores. Reading this book will be a good start, as Opinas and Horne have elevated the level of discourse.
© 2007 Barry McNamara
Dr. Barry McNamara is a Professor of Special Education at Dowling College, NY, and is author of several books, including Keys to Parenting a Child With Attention Deficit Disorders and Keys to Dealing With Bullies, both coauthored with Francine McNamara, Learning Disabilities: Appropriate Practice for a Diverse Population and Learning Disabilities: Bridging the Gap Between Research and Classroom Practice.