Metapsychology Online Reviews - Volume 21, Number 13
 
Featured Reviews
What Is Buddhist Enlightenment? by Dale S. WrightWhat Is Buddhist Enlightenment?
by Dale S. Wright
Tue, Jan 24th 2017
Drug Dealer, MD by Anna Lembke Drug Dealer, MD
by Anna Lembke
Tue, Jan 24th 2017
Philosophy of Action by Lilian O'BrienPhilosophy of Action
by Lilian O'Brien
Tue, Jan 17th 2017
 
The Mind-Gut Connection
How the Hidden Conversation Within Our Bodies Impacts Our Mood, Our Choices, and Our Overall Health
By Emeran Mayer
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Mar 28th 2017.
The Mind-Gut Connection by Emeran Mayer  There is plenty of evidence for the premise of Emeran Mayer's book, that the gut has close connections with our moods and even our cognitive processing.  There has been a great deal of scientific work in this area in the last decades, and it turns out that some emotional problems can be helped by changes in eating patterns. Mayer provides plenty of surprising facts, such as that 95% of the body's serotonin is stored in the gut. The gut and the brain are constantly signaling to each other.  It has long been known that stress can give us digestive problems, and depression can a
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Healing Voices
By P.J. Moynihan (Director)
Review by Cassandra Evans on Tue, Mar 28th 2017.
Healing Voices by P.J. Moynihan (Director)As Director P.J. Moynihan clarifies, he is not categorically opposed to medication and psychiatry, but he anticipates this work will broaden the social dialogue about alternative approaches to mental health and allow for burgeoning human rights.  In this rich documentary, Moynihan invites us to join and consider the detailed journeys of three individuals who live in and out of altered conditions or "extreme states of consciousness."  As we follow Oryx Cohen, Jen Constantine and Dan Sullivan, we experience their unique discourses surviving on and off medications and in and out of hosp
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Run, Spot, Run
The Ethics of Keeping Pets
By Jessica Pierce
Review by Rebecca Ring on Tue, Mar 28th 2017.
Run, Spot, Run by Jessica PierceMany of us love our "pets" -- our "furbabies" -- and about 90% of "pet owners" consider them to be family members. And many of us have pets, to the tune of about 470 million pets in the USA, which has a human population of about 316 million. In her book, Run, Spot, Run: The Ethics of Keeping Pets, bioethicist Jessica Pierce opens the readers eyes not only to the sheer number of human-pet relationships, but to the various characters and ethical problems of these relationships. In a society where about half of all pet owners share not only their homes but their beds with pets, we might pat ourse
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Yoga
From the Ganges to Wall Street
By Radhika Khanna
Review by Beth Cholette, Ph.D. on Tue, Mar 28th 2017.
Yoga by Radhika KhannaAuthor Radhika Khanna, a New York fashion designer who was born and raised in India, has a unique relationship with yoga.  While working in the fashion industry, she was diagnosed with lupus.  In search of a means to manage this chronic illness, she returned to her home country, where she studied various types of yoga; she eventually trained as a yoga teacher in Canada.  Khanna released a previous work, Pose: Yoga for Working Professionals, a guidebook of short, simple yogic techniques providing benefits in the workplace. On its back cover, Khanna's second book Yoga: From the G
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The Case Against Sugar
By Gary Taubes
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Mar 21st 2017.
The Case Against Sugar by Gary TaubesTaubes presents a case that sugar is dangerous, and is the main cause of obesity and diabetes. Conventional wisdom is that the causes are a combination of sugar, saturated fat, overeating and a lack of exercise. Taubes argues that it's just sugar. So The Case Against Sugar is a radical view that would have major implications for what it takes to be healthy. He often compares sugar to tobacco in its dangerousness, and argues that there is no known safe level of sugar consumption. His message is not very different from that in his 2011 book Why We Get Fat: And What to Do About It,
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Chakra Meditations
DVD
By James Philip
Review by Beth T. Cholette, Ph.D. on Tue, Mar 21st 2017.
Chakra Meditations by James PhilipChakras are considered to be centers of energy in the body.  In this DVD, UK-based healer James Philip provides a variety of short meditations designed to "purify" the chakras.  There are a total of nine meditations, one for each of the seven chakras, plus "Chakra Express," a brief meditation for all seven chakras, and "Chakra Meditations," a longer journey through these seven energy centers.          The Main Menu of the DVD offers a brief Introduction by Philip, the opportunity to Play All (this plays the individual chakra meditations only),
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One World Now
The Ethics of Globalization
By Peter Singer
Review by Helena Barbagelata Simões on Tue, Mar 21st 2017.
One World Now by Peter SingerOne World was published as a compilation of an earlier set of lectures delivered by the ethicist philosopher Peter Singer at Yale University in November 2000, devoted to the subject of contemporary society and the ethical challenges of globalization. One World Now comes in the light of the global turmoil that followed September 11th, as a revised version that essentially builds upon the framework of the former publication by filling in the reader with an updated analysis of the global issues that shaped the start of the 21st century and our present decade. Considering
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The Wrong Side of Goodbye
By Michael Connelly
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Mar 21st 2017.
The Wrong Side of Goodbye by Michael ConnellyThe Wrong Side of Goodbye is the 19th Harry Bosch thriller, and Harry is worried that he isn't as sharp as he used to be. He is working part time for the San Fernando police department, and he occasionally works as a private detective. He has just won a lawsuit against his former employer, the LAPD. A man of great integrity, he is still willing to bend the rules in order to get a result. We learn little about his personal life, maybe because he hardly has one. His main source of pleasure seems to be jazz, which he listens to in his car. He is devoted to his work. But he does see his
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What Have We Done
The Moral Injury of Our Longest Wars
By David Wood
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Mar 14th 2017.
What Have We Done by David WoodWhat Have We Done? Is about the psychology and morality of being a combat soldier in contemporary war. It has many stories and reflections on their meaning. It overlaps strongly with Afterwar: Healing the Moral Wounds of Our Soldiers, by Nancy Sherman, although it does not mention that academic book. Wood is a war reporter who has been embedded in Iraq and Afghanistan. He has seen some of what soldiers on the frontline experience, and he has interviewed many others who have told him what they have gone through, both while on duty and also after returning home. Wood's main point is that soldier
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Looking for The Stranger
Albert Camus and the Life of a Literary Classic
By Alice Kaplan
Review by Bob Lane on Tue, Mar 14th 2017.
Looking for The Stranger by Alice KaplanWe are in the midst of an ongoing Camus renaissance, one traced by Matthew Sharpe in his book Camus, Philosophe: To Return to Our Beginnings to four causes: The publication in 1994 of Camus' Le Premier Homme, a true literary event; the fall of Stalinism; the war on terror; and the decline of the hegemony of post-modernism and post-structuralism with academia. We are blessed with many recent books on Camus [Sharpe produces an exhaustive survey of the recent secondary literature on Camus, heavily footnoted and annotated] and his works have continued to be a resource for philosophical inquiry eve
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Explanatory Pluralism
By C. Mantzavinos
Review by Itatí Branca on Tue, Mar 14th 2017.
Explanatory Pluralism by C. MantzavinosThe challenge of giving a satisfactory answer to the question 'what is an explanation' has been a major concern in the philosophy of science since the days of Plato and Aristotle. This endeavor became particularly popular in the last sixty years when Hempel and Oppenheim wrote their classic "Studies in the logic of explanation" in 1948; however, we still lack an account that may be satisfactory representative of the heterogeneity of explanatory practices in science.  From the first chapters of "Explanatory pluralism", Mantzavinos argues against the main premises of that challenge and in
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Meditations for Beginners
By James Philip
Review by Beth T. Cholette, Ph.D. on Tue, Mar 14th 2017.
Meditations for Beginners by James PhilipThis DVD is instructed by UK-based healer James Philip.  In his brief introduction, he explains that he is always being asked for short meditations that can be used daily, which lead to the creation of these routines.  There are six, approximately 10-minute mediations listed on the Main Menu as follows:  Energising – Abundance – Creativity – Rapid Rebalancing – Relaxation or Sleep (the menu also includes Audio Setup and Credits). I have provided a brief description (and time in parenthesis) for each practice below. Energising (10:54)—Philip starts
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Means, Ends, and Persons
The Meaning and Psychological Dimensions of Kant's Humanity Formula
By Robert Audi
Review by Sharon Mason on Tue, Mar 7th 2017.
Means, Ends, and Persons by Robert Audi Kant's famous means-end formulation of the categorical imperative has two parts: first, the prohibition that we should not treat persons merely as means, and second, the positive command that we should treat persons as ends in themselves. In Means, Ends, & Persons: The Meaning & Psychological Dimensions of Kant's Humanity Formula, Robert Audi develops a general account of the ethics of conduct that provides the basis for an account of treatment of persons. This account of the treatment of persons is then the basis for examining the notions of merely instrumental treatment and end-regar
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Thought in Action
Expertise and the Conscious Mind
By Barbara Gail Montero
Review by Jason Holt on Tue, Mar 7th 2017.
Thought in Action by Barbara Gail MonteroBarbara Gail Montero's Thought in Action: Expertise and the Conscious Mind is a substantial contribution to our philosophical understanding of expertise, skill, and indeed the relationship between mind and body generally. Her views on expertise may well represent the next stage in the evolution of this concept. In what seems like a sea of contrary views of skilled practice and proficiency, Montero swims gracefully against the tide of much stubborn technical and popular punditry according to which expertise is unmindful if not outright mindless. Both students and experts—in Montero's sens
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Correct English
Reality or Myth?
By Geoffrey Robert Marnell
Review by Karl Pfeifer, PhD, on Tue, Mar 7th 2017.
Correct English by Geoffrey Robert MarnellI came to Correct English: Reality or Myth? thinking of myself as a modest prescriptivist. Thanks to Geoffrey Marnell I have come to understand that I need to distinguish my concern over the mechanics of the language as a tool for communication from the idea of grammatical rules per se, many of the traditional ones of which I myself have regarded as ill-informed and ill-advised. Marnell rightly regards the important issues as being not whether traditional rules are complied with, but whether language is used in accordance with principles of clarity and economy; and the common usage of our inte
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