email page print pageAll Topic Reviews
Health Care in America The Happiness of Burnout"Guns Don't Kill People, People Kill People""How Come Boys Get to Keep Their Noses?"17 Lies That Are Holding You Back20 Jazz Funk Greats50 Popular Beliefs That People Think Are TrueA Brief History of the SmileA Child of One's OwnA Citizen Legislature/A People's ParliamentA Clinician's Guide to Legal Issues in PsychotherapyA Colorful History of Popular DelusionsA Cultural History of Modern Science in ChinaA Cursing Brain?A History of Intelligence and "Intellectual Disability"A History of MarriageA History of PsychiatryA Little F'd UpA Loving Approach to Dementia CareA Man's Guide to Healthy AgingA Mind ApartA Mind So RareA Natural History of RapeA Natural History of VisionA Red Heart of MemoriesA Short History of MedicineA Student's Guide to the History And Philosophy of Yoga A Tear is an Intellectual ThingA Therapist's Guide to Understanding Common Medical ProblemsA Universe of ConsciousnessA User's Guide to the BrainA World Full of GodsABC of Eating DisordersABCs to Positive LivingAbnormal Psychology in ContextAbout FaceAccessible Yoga for Every Body DVDActs of ConscienceAdvances in Culture and PsychologyAfter HarmAfter the Ecstasy, the LaundryAfter the Globe, Before the WorldAgainst the MachineAging Our WayAIDS & People with Severe Mental IllnessAkhenatenAl-JununAlgernon, Charlie and IAll About LoveAllergy ReliefAlone TogetherAlpha GirlsAltered EgosAltered StatesAlways On CallAm I Making Myself Clear?Am I Okay?AM/PM YogaAmerica in the FortiesAmerican Science Fiction Film and TelevisionAmong the Great ApesAn American ObsessionAn Anthropologist on MarsAn Illustrated Book of Bad ArgumentsAn Odd Kind of FameAnatomy of an EpidemicAnger, Madness, and the DaimonicAnimal ArchitectsAnimal MadnessAnimal MindsAnimals in TranslationAnother CountryAntimatterAre the Rich Necessary? Updated and Expanded EditionArt and PoliticsArtemis FowlAs Nature Made HimAsylumAsylum on the HillAsylum to ActionAt Liberty to DieAtonement and ForgivenessAttention Deficit DisorderAttitudeAuthentic HappinessBe Very AfraidBeautiful MindsBeauty's NothingBeckett and AnimalsBecoming a DoctorBeing VirtualBelle and Sebastian's If You're Feeling SinisterBest of the Brain from Scientific AmericanBetrayal TraumaBetter Sex Through YogaBeyond AIBeyond GreekBeyond HealthBeyond ReasonBeyond ToleranceBibliotherapyBipolar DisorderBlack Man in a White CoatBlack MassBlind SpotsBlinkBlood and GutsBodies out of BoundsBody Piercing Saved My LifeBorn Standing UpBrain LongevityBrain-Based Teaching for All SubjectsBrainchildrenBrainwashingBread Upon the WatersBreaking Murphy's LawBreaking WomenBreathingBrian Eno's Another Green WorldBrief EncountersBritain on the CouchBrothelBuddhism and ScienceBuilding Healthy MindsBullspottingBullying PreventionBurn UnitBuzzC StreetCalling Our Spirits HomeCamp ZCampus Sexual AssaultCancer on $5 a Day* *(chemo not included)Cato's TearsCaughtChained to the DeskChickenizing Farms and FoodChild Slaves in the Modern WorldChildren's Learning in a Digital WorldChina on the MindChoices and ConflictChoosing CivilityChronic Fatigue Syndrome (The Facts)Classical Pilates Technique DVDCleopatraClinical Psychopharmacology Made Ridiculously SimpleClosing the AsylumsCognition, Creativity, and BehaviorCognitive Neuroscience of EmotionCollege Inc.Coming of Age in AmericaComing of Age in Ancient GreeceConceptual BlockbustingConcrete ReveriesConducting Insanity EvaluationsConfronting Postmaternal ThinkingConnected, or What It Means to Live in the Network SocietyConsciousnessConsider the LobsterConsuming InnocenceContagiousControlConversations About Psychology and Sexual OrientationCool WomenCorpora in Language Acquisition ResearchCorrect EnglishCorrupted CultureCount Us InCovered in InkCreative AngerCreative Core AbsCreative ThinkeringCreative Writing In Health And Social CareCreatures of AccidentCrime and Punishment in AmericaCritical ConditionCritical Perspectives in Public HealthCritical Psychology: An IntroductionCross-Cultural Topics in PsychologyCrossingCrossing the Unknown SeaCruddyCultural Healing and Belief SystemsCulture and Subjective Well-BeingCustomers and Patrons of the Mad-TradeCyber BullyingCyber-Safe Kids, Cyber-Savvy TeensDance the Chakras Yoga WorkoutDancing After HoursDangerous EmotionsDarwin's Dangerous IdeaDarwin's LegacyDeaf Identities in the MakingDeath in the AirDebunked!DeceptionDecoding DarknessDeep GossipDefenders of the TruthDefining Moments in ScienceDefying DementiaDeinstitutionalization And People With Intellectual DisabilitiesDematerializingDementiaDementia Caregivers Share Their StoriesDemons of the Body and MindDemons of the Modern WorldDepression In Later LifeDirty DetailsDiscourse of Twitter and Social MediaDistractedDivine MadnessDMT and the Soul of ProphecyDo-It-Yourself Eye Movement Techniques for Emotional HealingDoes Science Need a Global Language?Doing GoodDon't Believe Everything You ThinkDon't Get Too ComfortableDr. Andrew Weil's Guide to Optimum HealthDr. Andrew Weil's Mindbody ToolkitDreaming and Other Involuntary MentationDSM-IV SourcebookDSM-IV-TR Case StudiesDuplicityDutiful DaughtersDying for TimeEarthly Bodies, Magical SelvesEastern Body, Western MindEating AnimalsEccentricsEcological MedicineEducating People to Be Emotionally IntelligentEinstein and OppenheimerElectroshockElliott Smith and the Big NothingEmergence and EmbodimentEmergencies in Mental Health PracticeEmotionEmotional Intelligence at WorkEmotions RevealedEncyclopedia of Asylum Therapeutics, 1750-1950sEntwined LivesErotic PassionsEssentials of Cas AssessmentEssentials of Wais-III AssessmentEthics for the New MillenniumEvamarie Pilipuf's Yoga Express DVDEvery Day Yoga for Every Body DVDEveryday GreensEveryday IrrationalityEveryday SimplicityEverything Is MiscellaneousEvolutionEvolution and Human BehaviorEvolution in MindEvolution's RainbowExploring the Edge Realms of ConsciousnessExuberanceEyes of SophiaFalling for ScienceFalse-Memory Creation in Children and AdultsFamilyFamily Desk Reference to Psychology Fashion and Its Social AgendasFashion, Desire And AnxietyFast, Fresh & GreenFat and FuriousFear and Other Uninvited GuestsFearless ConfessionsFeminist Philosophy And Science FictionFinal ExamFine LinesFixing My GazeFlesh of My FleshFlesh WoundsFlirting With DangerFlow and YinFlying ColorsFocusFood for Thought:Food, Medicine, and the Quest for Good HealthFool Me TwiceFreedom, Fame, Lying, and BetrayalFridaFrom Certainty to UncertaintyFrom Joy Division to New OrderFull Frontal Feminism: A Young Woman's Guide to Why Feminism MattersFull Steam Ahead!Galileo Goes to Jail and Other Myths about Science and ReligionGang of Four's EntertainmentGender and Its Effects on PsychopathologyGender and Mental HealthGeneration DigitalGenetics of Mental DisordersGeniusGenomeGetting a Good Night's SleepGetting Inside Your HeadGetting WastedGilded CityGirl in the CurlGirlfightingGirls Gone MildGirls on the VergeGod and the MultiverseGood FortuneGood KarmaGood MedicineGood WorkGracefully InsaneGrassroots SpiritualityGreat Psychologists and Their TimeGulpHabeas CorpusHalf a Brain Is EnoughHandbook of AttachmentHappinessHappinessHappiness Is.Hate Crimes in CyberspaceHealingHealing SpacesHealth And the MediaHealth OnlineHearing the Person With DementiaHeavier than HeavenHello from Heaven!HelmholtzHelvetica: A documentary filmHemalayaa's Yoga for Young Bodies DVDHemingway's Second WarHerbs for the MindHere Is New YorkHeroes, Rogues, and LoversHeterophobiaHidden MindsHistory of ShitHistory of SuicideHoly Sh*tHoly WarHooked!Hot Body Cool Mind - Level 1Hot Body Cool Mind: Waking Energy Hot Chocolate for the Mystical LoverHot SpotsHotHouseHouse and PsychologyHow Children Learn the Meanings of WordsHow Doctors ThinkHow Emotions WorkHow Our Lives Become StoriesHow Proust Can Change Your LifeHow Science WorksHow to Build a Robot ArmyHow to Cook Everything VegetarianHow to Grow OldHow to Handle a Hard-To-Handle KidHow We AgeHow We Are Changed by WarHumankindHungerHysteria Complicated by EcstasyI Contain MultitudesI Know Who You Are and I Saw What You Did: Social Networks and the Death of PrivacyI of the VortexI Only Say This Because I Love YouI, Little AsylumIdiot AmericaIf Men Could TalkIgnoranceIllness and ImageImagining NumbersImprove Your Writing With NLPIn Bed with MadnessIn Defense of FoodIn Praise of ScienceIn Pursuit of HappinessIn Search of FatimaIn the Line of DutyIn the Shadows of the NetIn Therapy We TrustIndivisible by TwoInsight Yoga with Sarah PowersIntegrative MedicineIntensive CareInto the Gray ZoneIntroduction to Ashtanga Yoga DVDIntroduction to Qi YogaIntroduction to Yoga DVDInvented KnowledgeInvestigating Digital CrimeIrrationalityIs Shame Necessary?It's Up to YouJanis Saffell Beverly Hills YogaJudo with WordsKanye West's My Beautiful Dark Twisted FantasyKids OnlineKilling MonstersKinds of MindsKissing DoorknobsKnowing the Nature of FearKnowledge MonopoliesKundalini Yoga for Beginners & BeyondLandscapes in My MindLaw, Mind and BrainLearning About School ViolenceLearning, Teaching and Education Research in the 21st CenturyLessons Learned on My Way HomeLicentious GothamLies! Lies! Lies!Life CoachingLife MakeoversLimboListening in the Silence, Seeing in the DarkListening to PainListening to the WorldLittle PeopleLittle Red Riding Hood UncloakedLiving DeeplyLiving Well with Pain and IllnessLiving with ArthritisLiving with SchizophreniaLiving, Thinking, LookingLoneliness as a Way of LifeLong Shadow of Small GhostsLosing My MindLove and Sex with RobotsLove Your Body, Love Your LifeLove, Sex & TragedyLust in TranslationMad Mary LambMade in AmericaMadhur Jaffrey's World VegetarianMadnessMadness in CivilizationMaidentripMake It CountMake It Fast, Cook It SlowMaking Babies the Hard WayMaking Dying IllegalMaking SpaceMaking the Big LeapMaking Your Mind MatterMale Female EmailMalefemaleMan As The PrayerManaged Care ContractingMandated Reporting of Suspected Child AbuseManic Depression and CreativityManlinessManning UpMapping the MindMarriage ConfidentialMary Pope Osborne's Tales from the OdysseyMaster PassionsMasters of the MindMatters of SubstanceMean GenesMedia ArgumentationMedia in the Digital AgeMediating MadnessMedical AnthropologyMedicine and Health Care in Early ChristianityMedicine and Philosophy in Classical AntiquityMedieval Writings on Female SpiritualityMemoires 1995Memory, Brain, and BeliefMental Health and Social SpaceMental Health MattersMental Illness in Popular MediaMerchants of DoubtMild Cognitive Impairment and Early Alzheimer's DiseaseMiles to Go for FreedomMillennium GirlsMind in Everyday Life and Cognitive ScienceMind WarsMind, Matter and Quantum MechanicsMindstormsMisconceptionsMistakes Were Made (But Not by Me)Mollie Katzen's RecipesMom's OK, She Just ForgetsMonsters, Demons and PsychopathsMoody BitchesMoral PanicsMore Than MedicineMortificationMothers Who Kill Their ChildrenMusicophiliaMy Bloody Valentine's LovelessMy Life Among the Serial KillersMy Misspent YouthMy Stroke of InsightNakedNaked CityNarratives in PsychiatryNations Have the Right to KillNatureNear Death ExperienceNeurons and NetworksNeuroscience in Science Fiction FilmsNever Out of SeasonNew Versions of VictimsNew YorkNew York September 11Not by DesignNot Your Mother's LifeNothing to HideNurembergNymphomaniaOath BetrayedObesityObjects of Our DesireObliquityOdd CouplesOf Spirits & MadnessOf Two MindsOld AgeOn BlindnessOn Fact and FraudOn the BrinkOn the Origin of StoriesOne Nation Under TherapyOpening to Love 365 Days a YearOptimizing Teaching and LearningOtherhoodOut of the DustOutliersOutsider ArtOver My HeadOxford Guide to the MindPainParanoia of Everyday LifeParents Do Make a DifferenceParty GirlPassingPassionate VegetarianPathways through PainPeople Like OurselvesPerceptual NeurosciencePersons and ThingsPestos, Tapenades, and SpreadsPhilosophy of MindPhotography and LiteraturePilates for MenPink ThinkPlanning for UncertaintyPoets on ProzacPostcards from the Brain MuseumPosthumanismPotatoes Not ProzacPower HerbsPower Yoga for HappinessPoxPractical ClassicsPractical Plans for Difficult Conversations in MedicinePracticing Feminist Ethics in PsychologyPrader-Willi SyndromePredictably IrrationalPretty in PunkPretty Is What ChangesPreventing Misbehavior in ChildrenPrime Ministers of CanadaPrint Literacy DevelopmentPrison MadnessPrivate Life in New Kingdom EgyptProblems in MindProtecting the GiftProust and the SquidPrudePsyche on the SkinPsychiatryPsychiatry in the New MilleniumPsychiatrylandPsychologyPsychology and the MediaPsychology for ScreenwritersPsychotherapy and ConfidentialityPublic Health LawPunishment in Popular CulturePure Yoga Pilates with Kerry BestwickQuantum ArchetypesQuantum LeapsR.I.P.Race in Contemporary MedicineRacial ParanoiaRaising a Self-StarterRaising AmericaReady for AnythingReady or NotReady or Not, Here Life ComesReal SexReckoning With HomelessnessReclaiming Our ChildrenReclaiming Soul in Health CareRed Lotus YogaReligion ExplainedRemaking a WorldRepublic.com 2.0Rethinking CommodificationRethinking Middle YearsReviving OpheliaReviving the LeftRewarding Specialties for Mental Health CliniciansRick SingsRights, Risk and Restraint-Free Care of Older PeopleSabbathSame DifferenceSamuel BeckettSatisfactionSavedScared SickScienceScience and NonbeliefScience in the MarketplaceScience TalkScience WarsScience, Consciousness and Ultimate RealitySecond OpinionsSeeds of HopeSelected Ambient Works Volume IISelf Hypnosis for Cosmic ConsciousnessSelf-Help NationSelf-Help, Inc.Selling the Fountain of YouthSells like Teen SpiritSerious ShoppingSeven Challenges To Change Your Life DVDSex, Mom, and GodSex, Time and PowerSexing the BodySexual Orientation and School PolicySexy FeminismShadow, Self, SpiritShop Class as SoulcraftShrink RapSick to Death and Not Going to Take It AnymoreSimulation and Its DiscontentsSinfully VeganSister CitizenSleeping With Extra-TerrestrialsSlut!Snake Oil ScienceSnoopSo Brilliantly CleverSocial RepresentationsSolar Flow Yoga DVDSold on LanguageSome Kind of GeniusSometimes Madness Is WisdomSorting Things OutSoul Made FleshSounds from the Bell JarSoupsSpace, Place and Mental HealthSpeaking Our MindsSpiritual CrisisSpontaneous HealingStates of MindStatus AnxietyStiffedStill HereStill LivesStrange BehaviorStrategies of Commitment and Other EssaysStrength, Grace, HealingStroke DiariesStumbling on HappinessSun SalutationsSuper Natural CookingSuperstitionSupersurvivorsSurgery JunkiesSwordfishtrombonesSylvia Plath ReadsTalk to HerTalking About RaceTalking Back to PsychiatryTalking Heads' Fear of MusicTalking ScienceTeach Yourself MeditationTeaching OnlineTeaching SexTeen LoveTeenageTextbook of Cultural PsychiatryThanks!The 101 Best Graphic NovelsThe Age of American UnreasonThe Alice Behind WonderlandThe American HotelThe American ParadoxThe American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Clinical PsychiatryThe Americanization of Social ScienceThe Anatomy of HopeThe Anatomy of MelancholyThe Angelica Home KitchenThe Antibiotic EraThe Ape and the Sushi MasterThe Architecture of MadnessThe Arctic IncidentThe Art of ChoosingThe Art of Exceptional LivingThe Bard on the BrainThe Barmaid's BrainThe Beginner's Guide to Healthy EatingThe Better to Eat You WithThe Biotech CenturyThe Birth of PleasureThe Birth of the PillThe Black DeathThe Blackwell Handbook of Organizational Learning and Knowledge ManagementThe Book of the PenisThe Brain That Changes ItselfThe Breathing FieldThe Bridge to HumanityThe Brooklyn Nobody KnowsThe Bully SocietyThe Cafe Brenda CookbookThe Call of the WeirdThe Cambridge Illustrated History of MedicineThe Case Against SugarThe Childless RevolutionThe Clitoral TruthThe Complete Guide to Herbal MedicinesThe Complete Vegetarian HandbookThe Consolations of PhilosophyThe Contemplative HeartThe Couch and the TreeThe Course of Gay and Lesbian LivesThe Creation of the Modern WorldThe Cult of PharmacologyThe Cultural Origins of Human CognitionThe Culture of FearThe Culture of PunishmentThe Da Vinci DogThe Dark Night of the SoulThe Deadly TruthThe Decency WarsThe Disobedience Of The Daughter Of The SunThe Dynamic NeuronThe Easy Yoga WorkbookThe Emotional BrainThe Emotional Journey of the Alzheimer's FamilyThe Employee Assistance Treatment PlannerThe End of MaterialismThe End of WarThe English and their HistoryThe Enigma of HealthThe Era of ChoiceThe Eternity CubeThe Event of LiteratureThe Evolving WorldThe f WordThe Fabulous ImaginationThe Faces of TerrorismThe Farm Colonies: Caring for New York City's Mentally Ill In Long Island's State HospitalsThe Fat Studies ReaderThe Fate of Early MemoriesThe Female ThingThe Final LeapThe Firmament of TimeThe Five Things We Cannot Change ...The ForgettingThe Game of TruthThe Get Healthy, Go Vegan CookbookThe Gift of FearThe Gold Leaf Lady and Other Parapsychological InvestigationsThe Good Enough ChildThe Great BetrayalThe Greatest Experiment Ever Performed on WomenThe HandThe Handbook of Disability StudiesThe Happiness HypothesisThe Healing Remedies SourcebookThe Health Psychology HandbookThe Healthy KitchenThe Heart of YogaThe Hedgehog's DilemmaThe Hero's JourneyThe History of Rhetoric and the Rhetoric of HistoryThe History of White PeopleThe Homework MythThe Hungry SoulThe Identity CodeThe Immortalization Commission:The Importance of Being LazyThe Indian VegetarianThe Insider's Guide to Mental Health Resources OnlineThe Insider's Guide to Mental Health Resources OnlineThe Insider's Guide to Mental Health Resources OnlineThe Insider's Guide to Mental Health Resources OnlineThe Intelligibility of NatureThe Interdisciplinary Science of ConsumptionThe Intuitive WriterThe Invisible PlagueThe Irreducible Needs of ChildrenThe Irritable Male SyndromeThe Jewel Tree of TibetThe Joy of MeditatingThe Language ImperativeThe Language Of YogaThe Language PoliceThe Language WarsThe Last PhysicianThe Last Self-Help Book You'll Ever NeedThe Law Is a White DogThe Lie DetectorsThe Little Book of Healthy TeasThe Little Book of HeartbreakThe Little Soy BookThe Little Yoga BookThe Lives and Loves of Daisy and Violet HiltonThe Lives of AnimalsThe Lolita EffectThe Lonely PatientThe Loss of Self: A Family Resource for the Care of Alzheimer's Disease and Related DisordersThe Lucifer EffectThe Lucifer PrincipleThe Madness of Adam and EveThe Madwoman in the AtticThe Magic of RealityThe Making of Dr. PhilThe Manual of EpictetusThe Marketplace of IdeasThe Mature MindThe Measure of Our DaysThe Meat Lover's Meatless CookbookThe Medical AdvisorThe Medicalization of SocietyThe Metaphysical ClubThe Mind's PastThe Misunderstood GeneThe MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive SciencesThe Monster WithinThe Mood CureThe Moral Intelligence of ChildrenThe Mystery of Mary RogersThe Myth of Freedom and the Way of MeditationThe New BrainThe New Cancer SurvivorsThe NineThe Nordic Theory of EverythingThe Norm ChroniclesThe Normal OneThe Obesity EpidemicThe Omnivorous MindThe Orchid ThiefThe Origin and Evolution of CulturesThe Origin of AnxietiesThe Oxford Book of Modern Science WritingThe Pain AntidoteThe Paradox of ChoiceThe Paradox of SleepThe Paranoia SwitchThe Passion PlanThe Pastoral Counseling Treatment PlannerThe PDR Family Guide to Natural Medicines & Healing TherapiesThe Physics of ConsciousnessThe PlaceboThe Placebo Effect and HealthThe Playful BrainThe Pocket Life CoachThe Portfolio and the DiagramThe Power of FocusThe Power of Full EngagementThe Praeger Handbook of Learning and the BrainThe Private Life of the BrainThe Professor and the MadmanThe Psychoanalytic MysticThe Psychology of Religion and CopingThe Psychology Of The InternetThe Psychotherapy Documentation PrimerThe Quantum UniverseThe Quarter-Acre FarmThe Race for ConsciousnessThe Real Rules for GirlsThe Red DevilThe Republican BrainThe Richer SexThe Rise and Fall of Classical GreeceThe Rise of Mental Health NursingThe Roman Search for WisdomThe Root of All EvilThe Routledge Companion to Landscape StudiesThe Same Stuff as StarsThe Savage CityThe Science of Good and EvilThe Science of Optimism and HopeThe Scientist In The CribThe Seat of the SoulThe Second SelfThe Secret History of DreamingThe Secret Lives of GirlsThe Secret World of Doing NothingThe Seven Sins of MemoryThe ShakeressThe ShallowsThe Social Psychology of StigmaThe Sociology of PhilosophiesThe Sociopath Next DoorThe Soul Knows No BarsThe Spa DeckThe Spiritual Anatomy of EmotionThe Split MindThe Star ThrowerThe Story Is TrueThe Storytelling AnimalThe Strange Case of Hellish NellThe Symmetry of GodThe Talking CureThe Thing You Think You Cannot DoThe Three CulturesThe Three Failures of CreationismThe Toxic ConsumerThe Triumph of NarrativeThe True PathThe Truth About Chronic PainThe UndertakingThe Volitional BrainThe Wages of SinThe War Against BoysThe Way of StretchingThe Weblog HandbookThe Weight of the NationThe Why CaféThe Wild Ass’s SkinThe Will to Live and Other MysteriesThe Wisdom of PsychopathsThe Wisdom of Your DreamsThe Words We Live ByThe World of CaffeineThe Worldwide Practice of TortureThe Worst-Case Scenario Survival HandbookThe Wow ClimaxTheaters of MadnessTheatre and AnimalsTheories of Scientific MethodTherapeutic LandscapesTheraScribe 4.0Think CatThink SmartThinking for a ChangeThinking With AnimalsThrough Deaf EyesToo Big to FailTooning InTop ChefTortured SubjectsTotal AstangaTotal PilatesTotally WiredTowards a Science of Consciousness IIITrain Your Brain to Get RichTransforming MadnessTraumatic PastsTreatment and Rehabilitation of Severe Mental IllnessTreatment Kind and FairTribal ScienceTrick or TreatmentTrusting DoctorsTry to RememberTutoring as a Successful BusinessTwelve Examples of IllusionTwinsUnder the Medical GazeUnderstanding and Treating Violent Psychiatric PatientsUnderstanding Child MolestersUnderstanding FitnessUnforgettableUnholy MadnessUnscientific AmericaUnspeakable Acts, Ordinary PeopleUnto OthersUp From DragonsUrban Tourism and Urban ChangeUseful BodiesValues in ConflictVarieties of Anomalous ExperienceVegan ExpressVegetarian Turkish CookingVertigo VisionsVictorian Popularizers of ScienceViniyoga Therapy for the Low Back, Sacrum and HipsViolence Against WomenVoices Of Alzheimer'sVoices of CaregivingVoices of MadnessVoluntary SimplicityWaking Up to What You DoWalkingWalking a Literary LabyrinthWall: A World DividedWarWays of KnowingWays of KnowingWe Shall Be No MoreWe Shall Not Be MovedWe've Got BlogWellbeingWhat Emotions Really AreWhat I Learned in Medical SchoolWhat in the World Are Your Kids Doing Online?What Makes Us Think?What Nietzsche Really SaidWhat Our Children Teach UsWhat Science Offers the HumanitiesWhat Video Games Have to Teach Us About Learning and LiteracyWhat's Holding You Back? What's So Wrong with Being Absolutely RightWhen a Family Member Has DementiaWhen Experiments TravelWhen Good Thinking Goes BadWhen History Is a NightmareWhen Johnny and Jane Come Marching HomeWhen Mothers KillWhen Sex Goes to SchoolWhen Someone You Know Is Living in a Dementia Care CommunityWhen Things Fall ApartWhere Biology Meets PsychologyWhere Good Ideas Come FromWhere is the Mango Princess?Wherever You Go, There You AreWhile They SleptWhispers from the EastWho Rules in ScienceWhy Are We Attracted to Sad Music?Why Does E=mc2?Why Don't Students Like SchoolWhy God Won't Go AwayWhy Have Kids?Will They Ever Trust Us Again?WisdomWise Mind, Open MindWitch Beliefs and Witch Trials in the Middle AgesWitchcrazeWith Their EyesWithin ReasonWomanWomen and Mental IllnessWorking With Emotional IntelligenceWriting in FlowYogaYoga & Pilates Workouts for DummiesYoga Beauty BodyYoga for EveryoneYoga for People Who Can't Be Bothered to Do ItYoga for Regular GuysYoga for Regular Guys DVDYoga In BedYoga on DemandYoga SanctuaryYoga SculptYoga ShaktiYoga To Go's Yoga Quick Fixes DVDYogalosophyYou Are Not Your IllnessYou'd Be So Pretty If . . .Your Miracle BrainZen Encounters with LonelinessZen-Brain Reflections
Such a title, three lovely, lilting words, lingers like a child's soon forgotten lullaby. A comma so delicately placed offers a polite pardon for the "I" while simultaneously creating a distinct space or asylum for the individual syntactically. Wedged between this specious paradox is something not yet grown, at once looking behind itself towards its shadow of subjectivity and ahead into the realm of being among others. Like its title, this novel delicately explores the tension between a world that was and is becoming through the gossamer lens of a young girl's experience of childhood's senescence at the psychiatric clinic of La Borde.
The novel is divided into two distinct books, demonstrating demarcations between thematic dichotomies explored by Guattari. These include conceptions of before vs. after, childhood vs. adulthood, the natural world vs. man-made modernity as well as the individual's identity challenge among the collective. Manou, our protagonist, narrates her vision in a way consistent with positive identification with all of the former categories in Book I.
In the first four lines of chapter I entitled, My Brother, growing large is associated with death. Her brother warns that her tonsils may become "bigger and bigger until you die." Manou's apposite smallness is quickly demonstrated by her following the authority of her brother's demands and nearly drowning under water for five franc's promise. In so doing, she quashes her individual instinct to avoid the water in order to surrender to the wishes of her elder and affirm the utilitarian value of the collective represented by monetary gain. The fact that she nearly dies implies a not so subtle peril associated with an individual's surrender to the collective.
The following chapter explores the relationship between the natural world and modernity. Nature's surrender to modern evolution is assumed in the unlikely figure of a pet African monkey Boubou. Boubou is initially introduced as a frail little creature that is so unknowing in its youth it supposes a human male to be its mother. Along with the chain around its neck, the creature collects a name and sex, as Manou points out "it" is a "she." The natural world soon becomes domesticated as Boubou swiftly grows quite fat, a fact repeated by the narrator within the slim chapter. After growing fat (growing up), Boubou leaves the home like any well-developed child and escapes the asylum of her perceived mother's place. Interestingly, the monkey goes back to the home preserved by memory and her natural instinct. We are told in a tone of indifference that she is found dead in a tree. The author observes that the chain (that linked her to humanity) remains in place. Despite growing up, Boubou carries a reminder of two childhood's past: her own nature and man's attempt to substitute itself as a surrogate modern mother.
It seems curious and worth pondering that Guattari leads us through Manou's precarious swimming lessons and the death of a chained monkey before we glimpse the residents and walls of La Borde in Chapter 3. Needless to say, within these walls, we observe Manou's efforts to comprehend the difference between the residents and children of La Borde. Ultimately, she admits that the distinction can only be learned. She recognizes the residents as other by extracting herself from home and attending pre-school, a social intermediary. Despite this knowledge, however, she reports that in the eyes of the children, these Madmen were grown up, and thus received the same recognition as adults with authority and strength. Therefore, to Manou, the distinction between child (not grown) and adult (grown) supercedes the distinction of sane and mad. In her world, authority is conferred by physicality and strength. Once authority is invoked, it is not long before we hear of regulation. Adults are viewed as enforcers. Running becomes forbidden; raised voices become disallowed. And, of note, the dreaded comptroller visits and is likened to a "great scythe, demanding and radical; an austere reminder that the 'party' is over."
Guattari expands on the natural habits aged authority seems to assume in the following chapter. Manoux narrates a scene with fear and disgust whereby elder pigs trample their young in an effort to consume. She observes that the "old pigs are trying to feed so ardently that they would crush their young in the ruckus." Moments later, however, she describes a scene at La Borde where the elder children squeeze the slimmer kids through the Castle basement windows in order to secure sustenance. This parallel sequence between the pigs and children hints at the exploitative potential conferred by age and authority while simultaneously extinguishing the distinction between beast and human.
A lack of such distinction grows uncomfortable for grown men. Nothing demonstrates this quite so well as the restriction regarding the shitpit. Manou reports, "under that open sky, [one] cannot possibly fathom the extraordinary range of colors, shapes and textures of that human creation." For the children, human refuse takes on a magical, fantastical quality that makes them "defy all rules." Once the adults become aware that their restriction has been trespassed, the shitpit becomes a landfill. Human refuse is exalted to the status of industrial waste which distances itself from the human body to attenuate shame.
Shame reproduces and attaches itself to perceptions of the residents at La Borde. In this same chapter, we learn that Manou becomes embarrassed of the residents for the first time while attending higher education. We are also told that the children collect the residents' "butt-ends" (one step removed from the "shitpit") for communal smoking and are caught by a Christian demi-god tutor reminiscent of the comptroller from the preceding chapter. Through the intervention of religion, education and interdiction distance is created: distance from the body, the domestic and non-rational. The familiar is made strange and as a result, many children separate themselves from La Borde to settle in the city. Unsurprisingly, this is followed by a re-invocation that the party is over.
There do appear to be exceptions to the constricting, controlling and deadening vision of adulthood Manou encounters. One such exception is typified by The Tench in Chapter five. She is a woman who is likened to a fish, which instantly places her inside the natural realm and outside of the realm of man-made landfills. We are told that she prefers her cigarettes "unfiltered" and despite her age, Manou emphasizes her smallness, suggesting that her hands were "like those of a child." Of significance, the Tench refuses to get married, preserving herself from society. This does not appear to dampen her association with things maternal, however, as Manou reports she always bought fresh cream, butter and milk. This was the consequence of having lived through society's war and a seeming determination to continue the "party" while she can.
The Tench appears to be a stark contrast to Manou's mother, who is also introduced in this chapter. It is unclear what the association is between the two women, which appears to be deliberately ambiguous on the part of Guattari. While we learn Manou's mother also has "small" hands (and therefore may be trusted as a non-adult), Manou reports that she was scared by the world and the war. Her mother required medications for relief rather than fresh milk. Manou grapples with her mother's death and in a nod to the power of industrial society, believes there is an administrator who controls death. Reminiscent of Kafka's famed Man Before the Law, we leave Manou at the terminus of the chapter sitting every day in a café waiting for such an administrator to grant her wish to see her deceased mother one more time.
In the following three chapters, the notion of industry usurping naturalism is revisited. Guattari presents us with Manou's disgust at lemon yogurt in chapter 6. She refers to the yogurt as a relic perpetuated by the "sadism of industrial statistics." In so doing, she suggests that even systems have memories. Manou is paralyzed by the yogurt, a word that is repeated in ensuing chapters, collecting significance as it creates its own memory through the utility of language. While repetition may accrue significance, it is also removed from the authenticity of the original. Perhaps this is why the author chooses to introduce us to Manou's stepmother in the same chapter we learn of the relic yogurt.
Manou's distance from her original mother is captured in Chapter 7 wherein maternal intimacy and connection is replaced by a series of beeps. An electronic switchboard becomes a modernized, hysteria inducing umbilical cord. Displeasure with a modernized maternal surrogate is exemplified by Manou's ensuing descriptions in Chapter 8 entitled, "Regilait Milk." Pragmatic powdered milk purchased by her father replaces the fresh milk afforded by our likeable La Tench or the natural milk associated with motherhood. The children quietly rebel by tossing the substitute milk onto the lawn. We learn that not only do the flowers not survive this shower (confirming that the milk itself is unnatural), but that Manou's stepmother is unable to recognize artificial milk as responsible for the flower's ruin, preferring to blame the foundational soil instead.
Chapter 9 marks the transition point before the beginning of Book II. As such, it possesses a hazy, fantastical quality appropriately characteristic of liminal space. We are revisited by the author's use of the word "paralysis" just as Manou is revisited by the father she had presumed was deceased. This occurs amidst a natural world that has now become foreboding, likened to a cage or drowning place. Manou has become concerned with her pretty little shoes and warns her father about self-efficacy without financial or domestic resources. Hesitant to place her pretty shoes in the grass and perceiving her father, fearfully, as a Madman, it appears Manou has begun to grow big.
Vaguely reminiscent of the first scene in Book I whereby Manou is nearly swallowed by water, Book II opens with a motor vehicle rollover threatening the lives of Manou and her brothers. Natural perils have been replaced by industrial ones as Manou begins her ascent towards adolescence. In this chapter, it is Manou's brother who nearly loses his life. Of note, Guittari has him fashioned in a cowboy outfit, a relic of a former time when man utilized horses for transportation. After his brush with death, Manou's brother refuses to consume the fresh milk offered by the farm lady for relief. Such weaning may signify his overcoming the infantile need for a mother or the comforts formerly offered by the natural world. The death of naturalism in favor of modernity is further symbolized by the "fat" dead fly rising to the surface of the unconsumed milk. The fly's swollenness is a tacit reminder of the same gluttony and growth that threatened Manou's tonsils in chapter one as well as Boubou's fattening before fugue in Chapter 2.
Modernity's intrusion persists in the following chapter entitled Algerian War. In fact, it comes to reside in the diaper of one of Manou's newly born siblings. Much like the open placement of the purloined letter in Poe's precisely named short story, the baby's disturbing cry calls attention to the obvious placement of coveted government documents. However, government officials fail to recognize the obvious and fail to search the baby's diaper despite its incessant wailings. Such an open secret relies upon the power of shame associated with the baby's fabricated "shitpit." Knowledge of mutiny is not strong enough to transgress man's restrictions regarding human refuse.
While natural processes appear to save Manou's family from impending disaster in the preceding chapter, it becomes clear that she and her family have moved beyond the ability to return to nature with ease. A tranquil moment on the Loir is ruffled by remembrance of a lit stove at home. As they attempt to return to their residence, nature becomes an encumbrance to domesticity. One thinks of Boubou, who in his return to nature, could not help but be saddled with a domestic chain on his neck. In Chapter 13, Manou's family goes into active combat with the natural world, which has crept into their domestic residence in the form of a rat while they watch television. The rat is viewed as a trespassing invader and Manou's father attempts to kill it. During his effort, the rat counterattacks, nearly plucking out his eyes. This modern Oedipus will not be supplanted, remarking that his glasses have truly saved him. The implication is that surrogate sight, a modern instrument, is the perfect defense from nature's attack.
Even Manou's earlier conception of "small" (offered by the Tench and her mother's hands) as safe becomes strange in Book II. She watches Monsieur Belin calm the seas of asparagus and as his profile becomes smaller and smaller, Manou cries out in fear. Manou enjoys watching the man organize and arrange the farmland in front of him, without the mistrust she had before for organizing systems likened to "the sadism of industrial statistics" in Book I. Yet, while she seems to be adjusting to modernity in the wake of her family's acceptance of it, she also displays ambivalence about deserting the natural roots of childhood. She reports another event of paralysis associated with the frozen tiles covering the soil leading to her new and modern bathroom. This is followed by a nostalgic vignette of her mother gathering forbidden acorns as a child (natural world) that is violently truncated by the reaping of a male authority figure. Guattari reminds us once again that the non-natural world consists of a comptroller, a Christian demigod, and a consequential party's end.
Guatarri plays with the significance of consumption in the next several chapters. Chapter 16, entitled The Meat, is vaguely reminiscent of Pink Floyd's thematics of adult enforcement and childhood conformity captured in The Wall. Enforced consumption for Manou can only lead to growth and fattening, which is the progression towards adulthood and death. In Chapter 17, the old dinner bell represents time for repast for Manou's family based on their inheritance at La Borde. However, we quickly discover that the toll signifies fire and destruction to the town's people. Thus, symbols are imbued with meaning based on their chronological context. In this way, age transcends the individual as history creates meaning for entire societies.
Symbols without contextualization create confusion. In Chapter 18, Guatarri gives us many examples of this. One is Manou's stepmother, who represents the maternal by title, but contextually leaves Manou alone in the car during her appointment with Lacan (prior to his rescuing her) likening her to a pet dog. This is followed by a snippet of Manou's family inside their vehicle in an African park, surrounded by animals that have been taken out of their natural context for the purpose of modern entertainment. The animals do not observe rules of politeness and it is not long before a giraffe intrudes into their vehicle in order to consume straw in the likeness of a hat.
Problematic political ramifications of decontextualization are expressly acknowledged in Manou's observation of an apartheid poster in Chapter 19 entitled, Outspan Oranges. The poster demonstrates the image of a black child being squeezed into an orange press representing a corrupt adult political system's attempt to disenfranchise a nation's inhabitants. And yet, Manou also acknowledges contextualization's limitations. She remarks, "That furniture, and those objects, left me with the same malaise I felt from old photographs where the pictured individual's outdated costume weakens the empathy in the viewer's gaze, loosens the ties of our humanity, and prevents us from acknowledging the slow fading that awaits us all." This is a wizened, humanistic view of universality (or being with others) distinct from the sadism of comptrollers and demigod systems previously offered in the novel. This perspective arrives in a chapter where Manou acknowledges her childhood's senescence, stating that it has worn itself out among the grown-ups.
As we see Manou move through the final three chapters, a redemptive quality to the presence of others emerges. The possibility of communion while maintaining a separate space for the individual is suggested. In the penultimate chapter, Manou experiences love, which is the ultimate gift of being in the presence of another. With the Stag, Guattari's final chapter, there is a final nod to the dichotomy of naturalism and modernity that parallels the dichotomy of childhood and adulthood offered throughout Guatarri's fantastical vignettes. As Manou's friend complains of modern woes, a brilliant wild stag enters, making its way through the unkempt, wet grass and Castle mist. In this delicate space of containment, one may imagine the dissolution of prior distinctions. One may even dare to dream that the magic of Manou, and the world's, slumbering childhood vision remains ever extant--if but cloaked in eyelash crust of Castle mist and dew.
© 2015 Kristen A. Schmidt
Kristen A. Schmidt, MD is a psychiatric resident.