email page print pageAll Topic Reviews
Maximizing Effectiveness in Dynamic Psychotherapy Self-Compassion in Psychotherapy101 Healing StoriesA Clinician's Guide to Legal Issues in PsychotherapyA Map of the MindA Primer for Beginning PsychotherapyACT With LoveActive Treatment of DepressionAffect Regulation, Mentalization, and the Development of SelfAlready FreeBad TherapyBecoming an Effective PsychotherapistBefore ForgivingBeing a Brain-Wise TherapistBetrayed as BoysBeyond Evidence-Based PsychotherapyBeyond MadnessBeyond PostmodernismBinge No MoreBiofeedback for the BrainBipolar DisorderBody PsychotherapyBoundaries and Boundary Violations in PsychoanalysisBrain Change TherapyBrain Science and Psychological DisordersBrain-Based Therapy with AdultsBrain-Based Therapy with Children and AdolescentsBrief Adolescent Therapy Homework PlannerBrief Child Therapy Homework PlannerBrief Therapy Homework PlannerBuffy the Vampire Slayer and PhilosophyBuilding on BionCare of the PsycheCase Studies in DepressionCaught in the NetChild and Adolescent Treatment for Social Work PracticeChoosing an Online TherapistChronic DepressionClinical Dilemmas in PsychotherapyClinical Handbook of Psychological DisordersClinical Intuition in PsychotherapyClinical Pearls of WisdomCo-Creating ChangeCognitive Therapy for Challenging ProblemsCompassionConfessions of a Former ChildConfidential RelationshipsConfidentiality and Mental HealthConfidingContemplative Psychotherapy EssentialsControlConversations About Psychology and Sexual OrientationCoping with BPDCouch FictionCounseling in GenderlandCounseling with Choice TheoryCouple SkillsCrazy for YouCreating a Life of Meaning and CompassionCreating HysteriaCritical Issues in PsychotherapyCrucial Choices, Crucial ChangesDeafness In MindDecoding the Ethics CodeDeconstructing PsychotherapyDeep Brain StimulationDemystifying TherapyDepression 101Depression in ContextDialogues on DifferenceDissociative ChildrenDo-It-Yourself Eye Movement Techniques for Emotional HealingDoing CBTE-TherapyEarly WarningEncountering the Sacred in PsychotherapyEnergy Psychology InteractiveErrant SelvesEssays on Philosophical CounselingEssentials of Wais-III AssessmentEthically Challenged ProfessionsEthics and Values in PsychotherapyEthics in Plain EnglishEthics in Psychotherapy and CounselingExpectationExploring the Self through PhotographyExpressing EmotionFacing Human SufferingFairbairn's Object Relations Theory in the Clinical SettingFamily TherapyFavorite Counseling and Therapy Homework AssignmentsFear of IntimacyFlourishingFolie a DeuxForms of Intersubjectivity in Infant Reasearch and Adult TreatmentFoundations of Ethical Practice, Research, and Teaching in PsychologyFreud and the Question of PseudoscienceFrom Morality to Mental HealthFundamentals of Psychoanalytic TechniqueGenes on the CouchGod & TherapyHalf Empty, Half FullHandbook of Clinical Psychopharmacology for TherapistsHandbook of Counseling and Psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual ClientsHandbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and AdolescentsHealing the Heart and Mind with MindfulnessHeinz KohutHelping Children Cope With Disasters and TerrorismHigh RiskHistory of PsychotherapyHow and Why Are Some Therapists Better Than Others?How Clients Make Therapy WorkHow People ChangeHow Psychotherapists DevelopHow to Fail As a TherapistHow to Go to TherapyHypnosis for Inner Conflict ResolutionHypnosis for Smoking CessationI Never Promised You a Rose GardenIf Only I Had KnownIn Others' EyesIn SessionIn Therapy We TrustIn Treatment: Season 1Incorporating Spirituality in Counseling and PsychotherapyInside the SessionInside TherapyIs Long-Term Therapy Unethical?Issues in Philosophical CounselingIt's Not as Bad as It SeemsItís Your HourLearning from Our MistakesLearning Supportive PsychotherapyLetters to a Young TherapistLife CoachingLogotherapy and Existential AnalysisLove's ExecutionerMadness and DemocracyMaking the Big LeapMan's Search for MeaningMetaphoria: Metaphor and Guided Metaphor for Psychotherapy and HealingMind GamesMindfulnessMindfulness and AcceptanceMindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for DepressionMindworks: An Introduction to NLPMockingbird YearsMoments of EngagementMomma and the Meaning of LifeMotivational Interviewing: Preparing People For ChangeMulticulturalism and the Therapeutic ProcessMultifamily Groups in the Treatment of Severe Psychiatric DisordersNarrative PracticeOn the CouchOne Nation Under TherapyOur Inner WorldOur Last Great IllusionOutsider ArtOutsider Art and Art TherapyOvercoming Destructive Beliefs, Feelings, and BehaviorsOverexposedPathways to SpiritualityPersonality and PsychotherapyPhilosophical CounselingPhilosophical Counselling and the UnconsciousPhilosophical Issues in Counseling and PsychotherapyPhilosophical PracticePhilosophy and PsychotherapyPhilosophy for Counselling and PsychotherapyPhilosophy PracticePhilosophy's Role in Counseling and PsychotherapyPillar of SaltPlan BPlato, Not Prozac!Polarities of ExperiencesPower GamesPractical Psychoanalysis for Therapists and PatientsPrinciples and Practice of Sex TherapyPsychologists Defying the CrowdPsychology, Psychotherapy, Psychoanalysis, and the Politics of Human RelationshipsPsychosis in the FamilyPsychotherapyPsychotherapyPsychotherapy and ConfidentialityPsychotherapy As PraxisPsychotherapy for Children and AdolescentsPsychotherapy for Personality DisordersPsychotherapy Is Worth ItPsychotherapy Isn't What You ThinkPsychotherapy with Adolescent Girls and Young WomenPsychotherapy with Children and AdolescentsPsychotherapy without the SelfPsychotherapy, American Culture, and Social PolicyRapid Cognitive TherapyRational Emotive Behavior TherapyRational Emotive Behavior TherapyRationality and the Pursuit of HappinessRebuilding Shattered LivesReclaiming Our ChildrenRecovery OptionsRelationalityRent Two Films and Let's Talk in the MorningSaving the Modern SoulScience and Pseudoscience in Clinical PsychologySecond-order Change in PsychotherapySelf-Compassion in PsychotherapySelf-Determination Theory in the ClinicSelf-Disclosure in Psychotherapy and RecoverySerious ShoppingSex, Therapy, and KidsSexual Orientation and Psychodynamic PsychotherapySigns of SafetySoul Murder RevisitedStaring at the SunStraight to JesusStrangers to OurselvesSubjective Experience and the Logic of the OtherTaking America Off DrugsTales of PsychotherapyTales of UnknowingTalk is Not EnoughTalking Cures and Placebo EffectsTelling SecretsThe Behavioral Medicine Treatment PlannerThe Body in PsychotherapyThe Brief Couples Therapy Homework Planner with DiskThe Case Formulation Approach to Cognitive-Behavior TherapyThe Challenge for Psychoanalysis and PsychotherapyThe Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe Clinical Child Documentation SourcebookThe Clinical Documentation SourcebookThe Complete Adult Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe Couch and the TreeThe Couples Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe Crucible of ExperienceThe Cure of SoulsThe Death of PsychotherapyThe Education of Mrs. BemisThe Ethical Treatment of DepressionThe Ethics of PsychoanalysisThe Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe Gift of TherapyThe Great Psychotherapy Debate: The Evidence for What Makes Psychotherapy Work The Healing JourneyThe Heart & Soul of ChangeThe Heroic ClientThe Husbands and Wives ClubThe Love CureThe Making of a TherapistThe Mindful TherapistThe Mirror Crack'dThe Mummy at the Dining Room TableThe Neuroscience of PsychotherapyThe Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social BrainThe New Rational TherapyThe Older Adult Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe Other Side of DesireThe Pastoral Counseling Treatment PlannerThe Philosopher's Autobiography The Pornographer's GriefThe Portable CoachThe Portable Ethicist for Mental Health Professionals The Present Moment in Psychotherapy and Everyday LifeThe Problem of EvilThe Problem with Cognitive Behavioural TherapyThe Psychodynamics of Gender and Gender RoleThe Psychotherapy Documentation PrimerThe Psychotherapy Documentation PrimerThe Psychotherapy of HopeThe Real World Guide to Psychotherapy PracticeThe Schopenhauer CureThe Sex Lives of TeenagersThe Talking CureThe Therapeutic "Aha!"The Therapist's Guide to PsychopharmacologyThe Therapist's Guide to Psychopharmacology, Revised EditionThe Therapist's Ultimate Solution BookThe Trauma of Everyday LifeThe Trouble with IllnessThe UnsayableThe Way of the JournalTheory and Practice of Brief TherapyTherapy with ChildrenTherapy's DelusionsTheraScribe 3.0 for WindowsTheraScribe 4.0Thinking about ThinkingThinking for CliniciansThinking for CliniciansThoughts Without a ThinkerThriveToward a Psychology of AwakeningTracking Mental Health OutcomesTrauma, Truth and ReconciliationTreating Attachment DisordersTreatment for Chronic DepressionTreatment Plans and Interventions for Depression and Anxiety DisordersUnderstanding Child MolestersUnspeakable Truths and Happy EndingsWhat the Buddha FeltWhat Works for Whom?What Works for Whom? Second EditionWhen the Body SpeaksWhispers from the EastWise TherapyWittgenstein and PsychotherapyWorking MindsWoulda, Coulda, ShouldaWriting About PatientsYoga Skills for Therapists:Yoga Therapy
Carol Kershaw, Ed.D. is a licensed psychologist in private practice and J. William Wade, PhD is a psychotherapist at Institute for Family Psychology. They are both members of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis (founded by Milton H. Erickson, MD in 1957) and they both co-direct Milton Erickson Institute of Houston (TX/ USA).
Their therapeutic approach has its ground on a basic concept "neuroplasticity" that defends the idea that brain, and brain functions, are not fixed throughout life i.e., "individuals have the capacity to inhibit old networks and to condition those that lead toward positive states" (p. xii). William James (1842-1910) was the first to defend this (see Chapter 4: Habits -- The Principles for Psychology, Cambridge, MA/ London, England: HUP, 1983, 1890): "In the organic world (...) the habits are more variable than this. Even instincts vary from one individual to another of a kind; and are modified in the same individual, (...) to suit the exigencies of the case. The habits of an elementary particle of matter cannot change (on the principles of the atomistic philosophy), because the particle is itself an unchangeable thing; but those of a compound mass of matter can change, because they are in the last instance due to the structure of the compound, and either outward forces or inward tensions can, from one hour to another, turn that structure into something different from what it was. That is, they can do so if the body be plastic enough to maintain its integrity, and not be disrupted when its structure yields." (pp. 109, 110).
Starting in the 1960s, and mainly throughout the 70s, new therapeutic techniques stated being developed with a strong influence of Eastern thought, in particular Zen meditation practices. The work developed during the 70s by cardiologist Herbert Benson, from Harvard Medical School, was particularly relevant, supporting that sustained physiological benefits, like reduced heart, metabolic and breathing rates, came from meditation practice. His 1975 bestseller The Relaxation Response intended to validate this giving detailed description of several experiments conducted. Also that same year, another book was published in two volumes by Richard Bandler (b. 1950) and John Grinder (b. 1940), The Structure of Magic I: A Book About Language and Therapy and The Structure of Magic II: A Book About Communication and Change aiming to promote the ability to challenge distortion, generalization and deletion in a client's language -- influenced by the ideas of philosopher Noam Chomsky (b. 1928) -- something they defended it was a powerful element to promote a client's overcoming of a situation/ condition. Their work was also influenced by an older contemporary, Milton H. Erickson (1901-1980), an American psychiatrist specialized in medical hypnosis and family therapy. Bandler and Grinder developed a therapeutic method named Neuro-Linguistic Programing (known as NLP) combining meditation, hypnosis and language use, as a way to transform the brain (neuroplasticity) believing that creating new pathways in the brain (new habits) stimulates a different behavior in the client allowing him/ her to overcome his situation/ condition.
The recently published book, "Brain Change Therapy: Clinical Interventions for Self Transformation", could therefore be said to be an NLP book. Both authors (BTC) and NLP take Milton Erickson as a strong influence. Still, the authors make no mention of NLP and instead state that "BTC starts with the working assumption: Effective therapeutic change must inevitably include a repatterning of neural pathways" (p. 1) or further ahead, "BTC is a therapeutic approach based on neurological research demonstrating that learning alters the brain by changing the number and strength of synapses and that people have the ability to turn brain circuits on and off in a way that changes their psychophysiological states" (p. 61). I have some reservations on how different is NLP from BTC: is it any different? But moving ahead, what has this book to offer and who is its potential audience?
One of this book's achievements is that it can be read both by therapists and clients. And this is an achievement because it is hard to imagine how can a book communicate and relate to both, simultaneously. Any therapist in practice will benefit from reading this book, in the sense that it offers a very clear presentation of its principles and method, accompanied by questionnaires, charts and an up to date of complementary software and exams available. On the other hand, a therapist's client can also find it very helpful because the language is informative and clear, and along with a description of the method, a brief, and not over-explanatory, note is given on the neuropsychological processes' involved in each step.
Aside from a simple and clear language what it also helps to access information and ideas presented is the book structure. Each chapter has several sub-divisions, which helps the reader to follow, and focus, on the topic, while feeling guided.
Chapters 1-3 goes from description to diagnosis: how is the nervous system structure, which are its electrochemical process, anatomy and physiology; and what are the neural patterns and emotional circuits (seeking, rage, fear, lust, care/ nurturing, panic, pain). Here, we're reminded that BTC's goal it is not to eliminate an emotional state but to create flexibility, helping the client to observe the process and working with it, in order to be able to overcome it.
Chapters 4-7 approaches stress, explaining what is and how it manifests in the brain, identifying stress manifestations and possible strategies to deal with it (Ch.4); how Ericksonian hypnosis, through voice use and narrative can be used in BTC ("words change physiology", p. 103) (Ch.5); which brain technology equipment is available nowadays to help bring awareness both to therapist and client of the emotional pattern at stake (Ch.6), and how can both hypnosis and technology can be used together so that the client can observe how to generate alpha-theta brain waves that are believed to create states of in-betweeness, liminal states (p. 161) that are therapeutic gold, enabling brain pattern changes.
Chapters 8-10 approach BTC use in cases of fear (Ch.8); weight related issues (Ch.9) and life-threatening and chronic illnesses (Ch.10).
The last two chapters, show that BTC not only can help overcome a situation/ condition but it can also contribute to create a better self, a more aware one, which will make you have a better work performance (Ch.11) and also feel more balanced innerly (Ch.12), making you able to perceive "the true absence of all boundaries" (p. 310). Hence, "Using BTC, a therapist can assist an individual in developing a nonreactive mind and reconfiguring defensive patterns that have been blocking internal balance and connection with others" (p. 311).
Contrary to what sometimes happens in brain-related approaches of brain and mind interactions, the human side of BTC's exposure as a method prevails over the scientific one -- being no less accurate. This book will allow both therapist and client, to acknowledge what is at stake in BTC, allowing them to decide if the method is something they would like to try and further dwell on.
© 2012 Diana Soeiro
Diana Soeiro (b. 1978). Philosophy, PhD (2011). Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Institute for Philosophy of Language/ New University of Lisbon. Updated information: www.linkedin.com/in/DianaSoeiro