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50 Signs of Mental IllnessA Beautiful MindA Beautiful MindA Bright Red ScreamA Casebook of Ethical Challenges in NeuropsychologyA Corner Of The UniverseA Lethal InheritanceA Mood ApartA Research Agenda for DSM-VA Slant of SunA War of NervesAbnormal Psychology in ContextADD-Friendly Ways to Organize Your LifeAddiction Recovery ToolsAdvance Directives in Mental HealthAggression and Antisocial Behavior in Children and AdolescentsAl-JununAlmost a PsychopathAlterations of ConsciousnessAm I Okay?American ManiaAmerican Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical NeurosciencesAn American ObsessionAngelheadAnger, Madness, and the DaimonicAnthology of a Crazy LadyApproaching NeverlandAs Nature Made HimAsylumAttention-Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity DisorderBeing Mentally Ill: A Sociological Theory Betrayal TraumaBetrayed as BoysBetter Than ProzacBetter Than WellBeyond AppearanceBeyond ReasonBinge No MoreBiological UnhappinessBipolar 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ChildrenEmotions and LifeEmpowering People with Severe Mental IllnessEssential PsychopharmacologyEssentials of Cas AssessmentEssentials of Wais-III AssessmentEthics and Values in PsychotherapyEthics in Mental Health ResearchEthics in Psychiatric ResearchEthics, Culture, and PsychiatryEverything In Its PlaceFamily Experiences With Mental IllnessFatigue as a Window to the BrainFear of IntimacyFinding Iris ChangFinding Meaning in the Experience of DementiaFlorid StatesFolie a DeuxFor the Love of ItForensic Nursing and Multidisciplinary Care of the Mentally Disordered OffenderFountain HouseFrom Madness to Mental HealthFrom Trauma to TransformationGandhi's WayGender and Its Effects on PsychopathologyGender and Mental HealthGenes, Environment, and PsychopathologyGetting Your Life BackGracefully InsaneGrieving Mental IllnessHandbook of AttachmentHandbook of DepressionHandbook of Self and IdentityHealing the SplitHerbs for the MindHidden SelvesHigh RiskHope and DespairHow Clients Make Therapy WorkHow People ChangeHow to Become a SchizophrenicHow We Think About DementiaHughes' Outline of Modern PsychiatryHumanizing MadnessHysterical MenHystoriesI Hate You-Don't Leave MeI Never Promised You a Rose GardenI Thought I Could FlyI'm CrazyImagining RobertImpulse Control DisordersIn Others' EyesIn Two MindsInsanityIntegrated Behavioral Health CareIntegrative MedicineIntegrative Mental Health CareIntuitionJust CheckingKarl JaspersKissing DoorknobsKundalini Yoga Meditation for Complex Psychiatric DisordersLaw and the BrainLaw, Liberty, and PsychiatryLegal and Ethical Aspects of HealthcareLiberatory PsychiatryLife at the BottomLife at the Texas State Lunatic Asylum, 1857-1997Life Is Not a Game of PerfectLithium for MedeaLiving Outside Mental IllnessLiving with AnxietyLiving With SchizophreniaLiving with SchizophreniaLiving Without Depression and Manic DepressionLost in the MirrorLove's ExecutionerLoving Someone With Bipolar DisorderMad in AmericaMad TravelersMad, Bad and 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the SoulOf Two MindsOn Being Normal and Other DisordersOn Our Own, TogetherOn The Stigma Of Mental IllnessOrigins of Human NatureOut of Its MindOut of the ShadowsOvercoming Compulsive HoardingPathologies of BeliefPathways through PainPersonal Recovery and Mental IllnessPersonality Disorder: Temperament or Trauma?Pillar of SaltPoints of ViewPoppy ShakespearePosttraumatic Stress DisorderPsychiatric Cultures ComparedPsychiatric Diagnosis and ClassificationPsychiatric Genetics and GenomicsPsychiatric Illness in WomenPsychiatrists and Traditional HealersPsychiatryPsychiatry and ReligionPsychiatry in SocietyPsychological Dimensions of the SelfPsychology and the MediaPsychopathia SexualisPsychopathologyPsychopathyPsychotic DepressionQuitting the Nairobi TrioRaising a Moody ChildRapid Cognitive TherapyRebuilding Shattered LivesReclaiming Soul in Health CareReclaiming the SoulRecollection, Testimony, and Lying in Early ChildhoodRecovery from SchizophreniaRecovery in Mental IllnessRedressing the EmperorRelational Mental HealthRemembering TraumaRepressed SpacesResearch Advances in Genetics and GenomicsRestricted AccessRethinking the DSMReviving OpheliaRewarding Specialties for Mental Health CliniciansSaints, Scholars, and Schizophrenics: Mental Illness in Rural IrelandSchizophreniaSchizophrenia RevealedSchizophrenia: A Scientific Delusion?Self-Determination Theory in the ClinicShunnedShynessSigns of SafetySilencing the VoicesSlackjawSocial Cognition and SchizophreniaSocial Inclusion of People with Mental IllnessSoul Murder RevisitedSounds from the Bell JarSpeaking Our MindsSpontaneous HealingStop PretendingStraight Talk about Psychological Testing for KidsStranger Than FictionStreet CrazyStudy Guide to the DSM-IV-TRSurviving Manic DepressionSurviving SchizophreniaSurviving SchizophreniaTaking Charge of ADHD, Revised EditionTaking the Fear Out of ChangingTalking Back to PsychiatryTarnationTeen LoveTelling Is Risky BusinessTelling SecretsThe Age of InsanityThe American Psychiatric Press Textbook of PsychiatryThe American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook Of Child And Adolescent PsychiatryThe Anger WorkbookThe Anorexic SelfThe Behavioral Medicine Treatment PlannerThe Betty Ford Center Book of AnswersThe Bipolar ChildThe Bipolar Disorder Survival GuideThe Body in PsychotherapyThe Borderline Personality Disorder Survival GuideThe Broken MirrorThe Burden of SympathyThe Cambridge Medical Ethics WorkbookThe Case for Pragmatic PsychologyThe Center Cannot HoldThe Chemical Dependence Treatment Documentation SourcebookThe Chemical Dependence Treatment PlannerThe Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe Clinical Child Documentation SourcebookThe Clinical Documentation SourcebookThe Complete Adult Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe Condition of MadnessThe Construction of Power and Authority in PsychiatryThe Couples Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe Criminal BrainThe Cultural Context of Health, Illness, and MedicineThe Day the Voices StoppedThe Death of PsychotherapyThe Depression WorkbookThe Difficult-to-Treat Psychiatric PatientThe Early Stages of SchizophreniaThe Employee Assistance Treatment PlannerThe Employee Assistance Treatment PlannerThe Epidemiology of SchizophreniaThe Essential Family Guide to Borderline Personality DisorderThe Essentials of New York Mental Health LawThe Ethical WayThe Evolution of Mental Health LawThe Explosive ChildThe Fall Of An IconThe Fasting GirlThe Forensic Documentation SourcebookThe Forgotten MournersThe Gift of Adult ADDThe Good EaterThe Green ParrotThe Healing Power of PetsThe Heart of AddictionThe Heroic ClientThe Insanity OffenseThe Invisible PlagueThe Last Time I Wore a DressThe Limits of Autobiography The LobotomistThe Madness of Our LivesThe Mark of ShameThe Meaning of AddictionThe Meaning of MindThe Medical AdvisorThe Mind/Mood Pill BookThe Most Solitary of AfflictionsThe Mozart EffectThe Naked Lady Who Stood on Her HeadThe Older Adult Psychotherapy Treatment PlannerThe OutsiderThe Pastoral Counseling Treatment PlannerThe PDR Family Guide to Natural Medicines & Healing TherapiesThe Places That Scare YouThe Plural SelfThe Problem of EvilThe Psychology of Religion and CopingThe Quiet RoomThe Real World Guide to Psychotherapy PracticeThe Right to Refuse Mental Health TreatmentThe Rise of Mental Health NursingThe Roots of the Recovery Movement in PsychiatryThe Savage GirlThe Self-Help SourcebookThe Talking CureThe Trick Is to Keep BreathingThe Unwell BrainThe Virtuous PsychiatristThe Way of TransitionThe Wing of MadnessThe Wisdom in FeelingTheoretical Evolutions in Person-Centered/Experiential TherapyTherapy's DelusionsTheraScribe 3.0 for WindowsThis is Madness TooThoughts Without a ThinkerThrough the Looking GlassTo Have Or To Be?Toxic PsychiatryTransforming MadnessTraumaTraumatic PastsTraumatic Relationships and Serious Mental DisordersTreating Affect PhobiaTreating Chronic and Severe Mental DisordersTreating Self-InjuryTreatment and Rehabilitation of Severe Mental IllnessTreatment Plans and Interventions for Depression and Anxiety DisordersTwinsUnderstanding and Treating Violent Psychiatric PatientsUnderstanding Child MolestersUnderstanding DepressionUnderstanding ParanoiaUnderstanding the Stigma of Mental IllnessUnderstanding Treatment Without ConsentUnholy MadnessUnspeakable Truths and Happy EndingsUsers and Abusers of PsychiatryViolence and Mental DisorderVoices of MadnessVoices of RecoveryVulnerability to PsychopathologyWarning: Psychiatry Can Be Hazardous to Your Mental HealthWashing My Life AwayWhen History Is a NightmareWhen Someone You Love Is BipolarWhen the Body SpeaksWhen Walls Become DoorwaysWitchcrazeWomen and Borderline Personality DisorderWomen and Mental IllnessWomen Who Hurt ThemselvesWomen's Mental HealthWrestling with the AngelYou Must Be DreamingYour Drug May Be Your ProblemYour Miracle Brain
The book has 41 contributors, both in the fields of psychology and psychiatry. The book consists of eighteen chapters, including: "Issues in diagnosis: Categorical vs. dimensional"; "Social anxiety disorder"; "Bipolar disorder"; "Alcohol use disorders: History, theory, and diagnosis"; "Psychopathy and psychopathology: Key developments in etiology, assessment, and treatment"; and "Borderline personality disorder". The book also includes a preface, author index, and subject index.
The editors write that the book "provides a basic description and evaluation of clinical theory and research regarding psychopathology" (Craighead, Miklowitz, & Craighead, 2008, p. xi). The book is intended to be "an advance text for psychopathology courses taught to graduate students" in psychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, and other mental health professions (Craighead et al., 2008, p. xi). The book reaches both of these goals.
Chapter 1, "Issues in diagnosis: Categorical vs. dimensional" includes sections on the functions of psychiatric diagnosis, misconceptions regarding psychiatric diagnosis, a discussion of what defines a "mental disorder", a history of psychiatric classification from Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders I (DSM-I) to the present, criticisms of DSM-IV, and future directions of the DSM. The authors write that the DSM-III-R and DSM-IV "have been disappointments as they have not resolved many of serious [sic] problems endemic to DSM-III" (Lilienfeld & Landfield, p. 23). The DSM-IV-TR (2000) is not mentioned in the chapter, although the DSM-V is mentioned as having a "projected publication date in 2011" (Lilienfeld & Landfield, p. 23). Since this book has been published, the DSM-V is now estimated to be released in May 2012 (APA, 2009).
Chapter 6, "Social Anxiety Disorder", has sections titled "Description of the Disorder", "Actual Dysfunction", and "Summary and Future Directions". "Description of the Disorder" includes a case example, the history of the disorder, and the epidemiology. "Actual Dysfunction" includes information on the genetics and neurobiology of the disorder, psychosocial dysfunction, and assessment of the disorder. The section of the chapter regarding genetics and neurobiology contains detailed information on the familial occurrence of social anxiety disorder in twin studies, the role of dopamine and serotonin in the disorder, and specific brain regions which might be implicated in social anxiety disorder.
Chapter 10, "Bipolar Disorder", has sections titled "Description of the Disorder", "Etiology, Risk Factors, and Protective Factors: The Biopsychosocial Perspective", "Psychosocial Predictors of the Course of Bipolar Disorder", Diagnostic Assessment", "Treatment: Pharmacotherapy", "Treatment: Psychotherapy", "The STEP-BD Study", and "Summary and Future Directions". The STEP-BD Study was conducted in 2007 by the lead author of the chapter, in addition to several other researchers. The study examined the effectiveness of 30 sessions of either interpersonal and social-rhythm therapy, family-focused treatment and cognitive-behavioral therapy compared to three sessions of "psychoeducational control intervention", or collaborative care (Miklowitz, Otto, Frank, et al., 2007). The researchers found that bipolar subjects enrolled in the more intensive therapies were more likely to recover from depression, recovered more rapidly, and were more likely to remain well than subjects enrolled in the collaborative care treatment (Miklowitz, et al., 2007).
Chapter 14, "Alcohol Use Disorders: History, Theory of Diagnosis", has sections titled "Introduction", "History", "Theory", "Diagnosis", "Treatment", and "Summary and Future Directions". The introduction to the chapter states "As many as 90% of Americans have had some experiences with alcohol during their lives" (Ray, Hutchison, & Hauser, 2008, p. 495). However, there is no citation given for the statistic. The section "Alcohol use disorders in the United States" has interesting and detailed information, including an unbiased comparison of the varying treatment groups, including Alcoholics Anonymous and Rational Recovery. The chapter also includes a thorough section regarding studies on alcohol use disorders across cultures.
Chapter 17, "Psychopathy and psychopathology: Key developments in etiology, assessment, and treatment", has sections titled "Etiology of Psychopathy", "Theories of Psychopathy", "Assessment of Psychopathy", "Treatment of Psychopathy", and "Summary and Future Directions". The "Etiology of Pathology" section discusses the genetics of psychopathology, including dysfunction in the prefrontal cortex. The authors detail several studies regarding psychopathology (including antisocial behavior) and tests of frontal lobe dysfunction. The authors also detail the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) in a manner that fairly balances the advantages and controversies of the assessment instrument.
Chapter 18, "Borderline Personality Disorder", contains sections titled "The Clinical Symptoms of BPD", "History of the Borderline Diagnosis", "Epidemiology and Clinical Aspects", "Current Theoretical Perspectives", "Factors Involved in the Pathogenesis and Maintenance of BPD", "Psychosocial Perspectives", "Cognitive Aspects of Borderline Personality Disorder", "Contemporary Issues in the Diagnosis and Assessment of BPD", "Treatment", and "Summary and Future Directions". The chapter also includes a table that states it is the DSM-IV criteria for BPD, including a 2000 publication date (the publication date of the DSM-IV-TR). The reference for the chapter states the DSM is a text revision published in 2000, but it does not give the "4th edition" notation. The chapter contains a thorough discussion of studies on the genetics of borderline personality disorder, and provides detailed information on the neurochemistry of the disorder, including studies regarding serotonin and cortisol levels.
In addition to the DSM issue mentioned in the chapter on borderline personality disorder, there are other typographical errors in the book. "Contributors" is misspelled "Contributers" at the top of page vi and vii. In addition, a word is missing in a sentence on page 23 and there is a lack of a citation for a statistic on page 495 (both as noted above). However, the vast majority of the book is without typographical errors.
Psychopathology: History, diagnosis, and empirical foundations is full of research studies and is well-organized, with each chapter on disorders following the same framework. This contributes to the book's uniformity and ease of reading. The book is a helpful companion to a mental health clinician's psychopathology texts.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text revision). Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association (2009). DSM-V: The Future Manual. Retrieved December 7, 2009 from http://www.psych.org/MainMenu/Research/DSMIV/DSMV.aspx
Miklowitz, D.J., Otto, M.W., Frank, E., Reilly-Harrington, N.A., Kogan, J.N., Sachs, G.S., et al. (2007). Psychosocial treatments for bipolar depression: A 1-year randomized trial from the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(4), 419-426.
© 2009 Stephanie Sarkis
Stephanie Sarkis PhD is the author of three books: 10 Simple Solutions to Adult ADD: How to Overcome Chronic Distraction & Accomplish Your Goals (2006); Making the Grade with ADD: A Student's Guide to Succeeding in College with Attention Deficit Disorder (2008); and ADD and Your Money: A Guide to Personal Finance for Adults with Attention Deficit Disorder (2009). Dr. Sarkis is a National Certified Counselor (NCC) and Licensed Mental Health Counselor (LMHC) based in Boca Raton, Florida. She provides counseling and coaching to children and adults with ADHD/ADD. She is also an adjunct assistant professor in Counselor Education at Florida Atlantic University.