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12 and HoldingA Guide to Asperger SyndromeA Lethal InheritanceA Mother's Courage: Talking Back to AutismA Parent's Guide to Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning AutismA Special EducationA Toss Of The DiceA Tribe ApartA User Guide to the GF/CF Diet for Autism, Asperger Syndrome and AD/HDA Walk in the Rain With a BrainABC of Eating DisordersADD-Friendly Ways to Organize Your LifeADHD Grown UpADHD in the Schools: Assessment and Intervention StrategiesADHD NationAdolescence and Body ImageAdolescent DepressionAggression and Antisocial Behavior in Children and AdolescentsAll Alone in the UniverseAlpha GirlsAmericaAnother PlanetAntisocial Behavior in Children and AdolescentsAsperger Syndrome and Your ChildAsperger Syndrome, Adolescence, and IdentityAsperger's and GirlsAssessment of Childhood DisordersAttention Deficit DisorderAttention-Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity DisorderAutism - The Eighth Colour of the RainbowAutism and MeAutism's False ProphetsAutistic Spectrum DisordersBad GirlBeen There, Done That? DO THIS!Before I DieBetween Two WorldsBeyond AppearanceBig Mouth & Ugly GirlBipolar ChildrenBipolar Disorder in Childhood and Early AdolescenceBipolar DisordersBipolar KidsBlackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive DevelopmentBody Image, Eating Disorders, and ObesityBody Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in YouthBoy AloneBrain-Based Therapy with Children and AdolescentsBreaking PointBreathing UnderwaterBringing Up ParentsBullying and TeasingBullying PreventionBut I Love HimCan't Eat, Won't EatCaring for a Child with AutismCatalystChild and Adolescent PsychiatryChild and Adolescent Psychological DisordersChild and Adolescent PsychopathologyChild NeuropsychologyChild Well-BeingChildren and SexualityChildren Changed by TraumaChildren with Emerald EyesChildren with Sexual Behavior ProblemsChildren, Sexuality and SexualizationChildren’s Dreaming and the Development of Consciousness City of OneCommunication Issues In Autism And Asperger SyndromeConcepts of NormalityConcise Guide to Child 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Understand Medications for Behavioral and Emotional ProblemsHelping Students Overcome Depression and AnxietyHelping Teens Who CutHollow KidsHope's BoyHow Infants Know MindsHow to Keep Your Teenager Out of Trouble and What to Do If You Can'tHurry Down SunshineI Am Not Joey PigzaIdentifying Hyperactive ChildrenIf Your Adolescent Has an Eating DisorderIn the Company of CraziesIncorporating Social Goals in the ClassroomIntegrated YogaIntrusive ParentingIssues for Families, Schools and CommunitiesJake RileyJoey Pigza Loses ControlJoey Pigza Swallowed the KeyJuvenile-Onset SchizophreniaKim: Empty InsideLearning and Behavior Problems in Asperger SyndromeLearning Disorders and Disorders of the Self in Children and AdolescentsLearning Outside the Lines Let Kids Be KidsLiberation's ChildrenLife As We Know ItLisa, Bright and DarkLook Me in the EyeLoserLove and SexLove That DogMad at SchoolMaking ADD WorkMaking American BoysManicMastering Anger and AggressionMaverick MindMedicating ChildrenMind FieldsMind to MindMommy I'm Still in HereMore Than a LabelMy Flesh and BloodMyths of ChildhoodNew Hope for Children and Teens with Bipolar DisorderNew Look at ADHD: Inhibition, Time, and Self-ControlNo Child Left DifferentNo Two AlikeNon-Drug Treatments for ADHDNot Much Just Chillin'NurtureShockOdd Girl OutOdd Girl Speaks OutOne Hot SecondOne in ThirteenOphelia SpeaksOphelia's MomOur Journey Through High Functioning Autism and Asperger SyndromeOut of the WoodsOvercoming ADHDOvercoming School AnxietyParenting a Child Who Has Intense EmotionsParenting Children With ADHDParenting Your Out-Of-Control TeenagerPediatric PsychopharmacologyPediatric PsychopharmacologyPediatric PsychopharmacologyPeople with HyperactivityPhobic and Anxiety Disorders in Children and AdolescentsPINSPlease Don't Label My ChildPraising Boys WellPraising Girls WellProblem Child or Quirky Kid?Problem GirlsPsychotherapy for Children and AdolescentsPsychotherapy with Children and AdolescentsPurgeRaising a Moody 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Philosophy of AutismThe Psychoanalytic Study of the ChildThe Real Truth About Teens and SexThe Ride TogetherThe Rise and Fall of the American TeenagerThe Science of ADHDThe Sex Lives of TeenagersThe Survival Guide for Kids With LD*The Unhappy ChildThen Again, Maybe I Won'tTherapy with ChildrenThings I Have to Tell YouThings Tom LikesThrough the Glass WallThumbsuckerTotally WiredTouching Spirit BearTrauma in the Lives of ChildrenTreating ADHD and Comorbid DisordersTreatment of Childhood DisordersTwistedUnder the Wolf, Under the DogUnhappy TeenagersUnstrange MindsWastedWe've Got IssuesWeather Reports from the Autism FrontWhat about the KidsWhat in the World Are Your Kids Doing Online?What Works for Whom?What Would Joey Do?What's Happening to My Body? Book for BoysWhat's Happening to My Body? Book for GirlsWhat's Happening to Tom?When Nothing Matters AnymoreWhen Your Child Has an Eating DisorderWhose America?Why Don't Students Like SchoolWill's ChoiceWinnicott On the ChildWorried All the TimeYou Hear MeYoung Minds in Social WorldsYoung People and Mental HealthYour Child, Bully or Victim?
Rutter's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (5th ed.) is a 1230 page guide and manual of the field of pediatric mental health. There are 118 contributors to the book, with the majority of the contributors having a Ph.D. or M.D. degree. The authors represent the Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
This is the 5th edition of the book, with the first edition published in 1976. The 5th edition includes a preface to the current edition, plus also provides the preface to first edition. The chapters in the 5th edition were subject to the same peer review process as those employed by scientific journals. The 5th edition also includes new chapters such as "What Clinicians Need to Know about Statistical Issues and Methods" and "Health Economics". A CD included with the book contains the entire text of the manual in a searchable format.
There are five parts to the manual: Conceptual Approaches, Clinical Assessment, Influences on Psychopathology, Clinical Syndromes, and Approaches to Treatment.
Part I, Conceptual Approaches, contains 18 chapters, including "Clinical Assessment and Diagnostic Formulation", "Using Epidemiology and Longitudinal Approaches to Study Causal Hypotheses", "Children's Testimony", "What Can We Learn from Structural and Functional Brain Imaging?"
Part II, Clinical Assessment, contains 4 chapters: "Use of Structured Interviews and Observational Methods in Clinical Settings", "Using Rating Scales in a Clinical Context", "Psychological Assessment in the Clinical Context", and "Physical Examination and Medical Investigation".
Part III, Influences on Psychopathology, contains 11 chapters, including "Psychosocial Adversity and Resilience", "Impact of Parental Psychiatric Disorder and Physical Illness", "Child Maltreatment", and "Residential and Foster Care".
Part IV, Clinical Syndromes, contains 26 chapters, including "Disorders of Attention and Activity", "Substance Use and Substance Use Disorder", "Autism Spectrum Disorders", and "Attachment Disorders in Relation to Deprivation".
Part V, Approaches to Treatment, contains 15 chapters, including "Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies", "Provision of Intensive Treatment: In-patient Units, Day Units, and Intensive Outreach", "Genetic Counseling", and "Special Education".
On the first page of each chapter, the citation information is given, including the names of the editors, the copyright date, and the ISBN number of the book.
In Chapter 11, "What can we learn from structural and functional brain imaging?" (Frith & Frith, 2008), the authors describe various brain imaging techniques, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and electroencephalograph (EEG). The chapter includes a section on difficulties in using brain scans in with children. The authors state that "practice" in a mock scanner can be very helpful to children. The authors also address the issue of children having difficulty remaining completely still for an MRI. The use of sedation is addressed, with the caveat that tasks involving a fully alert child cannot be completed. The chapter refers to other chapters that provide information on various imaging techniques and disorders, including dyslexia and autism. The chapter's section on autism references up-to-date studies.
Chapter 19, "Use of Structured Interviews and Observational Methods in Clinical Settings", provides synopses of five general child and adolescent psychiatric interviews (Couteur & Gardner, 2008). The chapter also gives synopses of four other structured interviews for specific disorders, including autism. The chapter contains a section titled "Considerations in Selecting an Instrument or Method", which includes considerations such as the complexity of coding, and unit of analysis (event-sampling methods and timing duration).
Chapter 22, "Physical Examination and Medical Investigation" (Baird & Gringras, 2008), provide a well-designed Table (22.2a, p. 320-321) with details of a developmental exam. The table goes form newborn to 11 months, and covers areas such as appropriate gross and fine motor skills, language, and drawing. The table provides examples of appropriate figure drawings for children 3 to 5 years of age. The chapter also gives the steps of a neurological motor exam. The authors provide the steps of the exam, and also provide possible observations and the coordinating diagnosis.
In Chapter 31, "Psychopathology in Refugee and Asylum Seeking Children" (Hodes, 2008), Table 31.1 (p. 477) provides a chart of the stages of refugee experience ("Pre-flight", "In-flight", and "In resettlement communities"), along with applicable studies and findings for each stage. The chart provides research regarding Cambodian, Kurdish, Iranian, Palestinian, and Bosnian child refugees. The author discusses the prevalence of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in the pediatric refugee population, and also discusses the resilience of refugee children. Families with stronger social networks, proficiency in the language of the country of resettlement, and work opportunities produce children who tend to have less psychopathology as a result of their experiences.
Chapter 34, "Disorders of Attention and Activity" (Taylor & Sonuga-Barke, 2008), is divided into ten sections: Clinical Presentations; Diagnostic Definitions; Subtypes of Disorder; Coexistent Disorders; Etiology and Pathophysiology; An Integrative Framework for ADHD Etiology and Pathophysiology; Epidemiology; Longitudinal Course; Clinical Assessment; and Treatment. In the "Etiology and Pathophysiology" section, the authors discuss the genetic, environmental, and biological nature of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), including a discussion regarding catecholamine dysregulation. In the section "An Integrative Framework for ADHD Etiology and Pathophysiology", Figure 34.1 (p. 531) is a diagram of the relationship between genes, environment, and neurocognition.
Chapter 68, "Juvenile Delinquency" (Bailey & Scott, 2008), has an interesting section on the role of Autistic Spectrum Disorders on delinquent behavior. The author writes that more studies need to be conducted on the comorbidity of autism and delinquency, and especially how ADHD impulsivity overlaps with the impulsivity seen in autism and delinquency. The chapter also discusses "Interventions for Particular Crimes and Groups" including firesetting/arson, and female delinquents. The author points out that although far fewer girls have delinquent behavior than boys, they have similar risk factors. The author makes an important statement that "Intervention is not solely the removal of risk, but also the enhancement of protective factors" (p. 1113).
The writing in the book is fairly technical, as the book's intended audience is the medical professional that works in pediatrics; particularly, child and adolescent counselors, psychologists, and psychiatrists. The Rutter's guide is the definitive guide on pediatric mental health. It is an extremely helpful and thorough resource for any clinician working in the field of mental health and/or pediatrics. It is a "must-have" for a clinician's library.
© 2009 Stephanie Moulton Sarkis
Stephanie Moulton Sarkis PhD NCC LMHC is the author of three books: 10 Simple Solutions to Adult ADD, Making the Grade with ADD, and ADD and Your Money. She is an adjunct assistant professor in Counselor Education at Florida Atlantic University, and has a private practice in Boca Raton, Florida. She can be reached at www.stephaniesarkis.com or Stephanie@stephaniesarkis.com.