email page print pageAll Topic Reviews
"Are You There Alone?""Who Could That Be at This Hour?"3 Willows4th of July99 DaysA Beautiful MindA Change in AltitudeA Corner Of The UniverseA Falling KnifeA Frog ThingA Great and Terrible BeautyA People's History of ChristianityA Question of BloodA Slight Trick of the MindA Step Toward FallingA Thousand Miles from NowhereA Tragic Kind of WonderfulA Voyage Long and StrangeA Wedding in December Abraham LincolnAcross the River and Into the TreesADHD NationAfter DarkAgainst EmpathyAgainst Medical AdviceAll the Bright PlacesAll the Way HomeAll Unquiet ThingsAlphavilleAlways Forever MaybeAlways Too Much And Never EnoughAmerica AmericaAmong the DepartedAn EducationAn Object of BeautyAnatomy of a MisfitAre You There, Vodka? It's Me, ChelseaBad BoyBad RatsBarbara the Slut and Other PeopleBeach RoadBeat the ReaperBeauty QueensBed of RosesBefore I DieBefore I FallBefore the FrostBig BrotherBiteBlack Elk SpeaksBlameBleed for MeBlonde FaithBlood, Salt, WaterBody SurfingBog ChildBoneMan's DaughtersBoomsdayBorder CrossingBorn Standing UpBoys Are DogsBoys Will Put You on a Pedestal (So They Can Look Up Your Skirt)Brava, ValentineBreak Through PainBreathingBridge of SighsBrief Interviews with Hideous MenBrutalBy BloodC StreetCalm Beneath the WavesCanadaCellCemetery DanceChange Your Brain, Change Your LifeCheeverCinnamon KissCleopatraClose Your EyesCompulsionCross CountryCyborgasmDakotaDancing at the Shame PromDarkest FearDavid Sedaris Live at Carnegie HallDead EvenDead Little Mean GirlDear Zoe,Death Without TenureDeceptionDefending JacobDefine NormalDeliriumDevil in the DetailsDiscovering Pig MagicDisturbing GroundDivergentDivine JusticeDivisaderoDoing ItDon't Wake UpDown the Rabbit HoleDr. Andrew Weil's Mindbody ToolkitDress Your Family in Corduroy and DenimDriftlessEven Dogs in the WildEvery Exquisite ThingEvery Little Thing in the WorldEye ContactFaith, Hope, and Ivy JuneFaking NormalFalling ManFamily and Other CatastrophesFamily FirstFans of the Impossible LifeFear of the DarkFellsideField of BloodFile Under: 13 Suspicious IncidentsFiregirlFlat Lake in WinterForest of the PygmiesFortunate SonFraudFreak the MightyFree RefillsFull Steam Ahead!Furiously HappyGenerosityGenomeGetting a Good Night's SleepGetting the Love You Want Audio CompanionGiftedGirl in TranslationGod Is DeadGod Is Not OneGods and BeastsGoing BovineGood and GoneGranny Torrelli Makes SoupGraysonHappy FamilyHappy Mutant Baby PillsHarmlessHe's Just Not That Into YouHealthy AgingHeartbeatHeftHigh HeatHolidays on IceHot MilkHotel on the Corner of Bitter and SweetHotel WorldHotels of North AmericaHow a Gunman Says GoodbyeHow Full Is Your Bucket?How Successful People ThinkHow to Build a HouseHow to See Yourself As You Really AreHow to Set a Fire and WhyHunger Makes Me a Modern GirlHurt Go HappyHypnography for MenHypnography for WomenI Am I Am I AmI Am Not Joey PigzaI Can See YouI Drink for a ReasonI Feel Bad About My NeckI'd Know You AnywhereI'm Traveling AloneIdiot AmericaIf a Tree Falls at Lunch PeriodIf I StayIf You StayImagine Me GoneIn ZanesvilleInfinite JestInheritanceInnocentInside the O'BriensInvincibleInvisibleIt Takes OneJennifer, Hecate, Macbeth, William McKinley, and Me, ElizabethJust LifeKiss of Broken GlassKissing Ted Callahan (And Other Guys)Knife CreekLeaping BeautyLie to MeLies My Girlfriend Told MeLife After LifeLife InterruptedLife of PiLife StrategiesLisey's StoryLitLittle Black LiesLittle ScarletLive For Your Listening PleasureLiving Your DreamLong Shadow of Small GhostsLooking for BobowiczLosers BracketLost in the ForestLove Is a Mix TapeLove Times ThreeLove, AubreyLowboyMadappleMade for LoveMade For YouMagical ThinkingMagnificenceMaliceMan in the WoodsMeditation in a New York MinuteMeetings with a Remarkable ManMiddlesexMind MappingMindfulness for BeginnersMirrorMaskMischlingMissing PresumedMolly Moon's Incredible Book of HypnotismMommies Who DrinkMunich AirportMy AbandonmentMy Life Among the Serial KillersMy Name Is RedMy One Hundred AdventuresMy Sister's KeeperName All the AnimalsNelson Mandela's Favorite African FolktalesNemesisNever Let Me GoNew York 2140Night FilmNina: AdolescenceNinety DaysNone of the AboveNot a Crime to Be PoorNothingNurtureShockObjects of My AffectionOdd Child OutOlive's OceanOn Chesil BeachOne Flew Over The Cuckoo's NestOutliersPaint It BlackPanicParadise LodgeParanoiaPeace Is Every BreathPeople Who Eat DarknessPharmakonPictures of Hollis WoodsPictures of YouPilgrim at Tinker CreekPlaying with FirePlease Stop Laughing at UsPositivityPresumed InnocentPretty Girl-13Prisoner of Night and FogPuddlejumpersPunkzillaRacing the DevilReady for AnythingRebuttalReleaseRequiemRescueRevolutionary RoadRoomRun for Your LifeSay You're SorryScatSchool of FearSeason to TasteSecrets of a Passionate MarriageSee How SmallSeeds of HopeSex and SpiritSide Effects May VarySilencedSimon vs. the Homo Sapiens AgendaSinlessSix Impossible ThingsSkelligSleeping BeautySnowSo Brave, Young and HandsomeSolitaireSomeday This Pain Will Be Useful to YouSourlandSquirrel Seeks ChipmunkStill MissingStory of a GirlStress ReliefSupreme CourtshipSurviving OpheliaSwimming to ElbaSworn to SilenceSycamoreSymptoms of Being HumanTeaseTeaseTell the Truth, Shame the DevilTen Minutes to RelaxTestimonyThat Old Cape MagicThe DrifterThe Abortionist's DaughterThe AccidentalThe Accidental BillionairesThe AdultsThe Almost MoonThe Anatomy of HopeThe ArrangementThe Art of ChoosingThe Art of Exceptional LivingThe Artist of DisappearanceThe Average American MarriageThe Bastard on the Couch CDThe Beat Goes OnThe Best AwfulThe Big LoveThe Boat RockerThe Book of JoeThe Book of LiesThe Book of the DeadThe Boy Who DaredThe Boyfriend ListThe Brass VerdictThe Breakout PrincipleThe Burden of ProofThe Case for GodThe Case of the Case of Mistaken IdentityThe Cemetery BoysThe ChemistThe Chosen OneThe ClosersThe Consciousness PlagueThe Conspiracy ClubThe Cuckoo's CallingThe Dangerous Art of Blending InThe Day I Ate Whatever I WantedThe Dead Fathers ClubThe Death of Bunny MunroThe Devotion of Suspect XThe Disreputable History of Frankie Landau-BanksThe Diviner's TaleThe DollmakerThe Dressmaker of Khair KhanaThe Dynamite RoomThe Earth, My Butt, and Other Big Round ThingsThe EndThe End of Our StoryThe Erotic EdgeThe Essential KamasutraThe First Fifteen Lives of Harry AugustThe Forgotten GirlsThe Fortunate OnesThe Geography of You and MeThe Gift of an Ordinary DayThe Gingerbread GirlThe Girl in 6EThe Girl in the GardenThe Girl on Mill StreetThe Girl Who Kicked the Hornet's NestThe Girl Who Played with FireThe Girl with the Dragon TattooThe Grief of OthersThe Grim GrottoThe Guise of AnotherThe Guy Not TakenThe Heart of YogaThe Hearts of MenThe Heretic's DaughterThe Ice QueenThe Ice TwinsThe Immortal Life of Henrietta LacksThe InseparablesThe InterestingsThe Keeper of Lost CausesThe Keeper of Lost ThingsThe Kings of LondonThe Language God TalksThe Language of SecretsThe Language Of YogaThe Last ChildThe Last MileThe Last Time We Say GoodbyeThe Male BrainThe Man from BeijingThe Man in My BasementThe Man Who Couldn't EatThe Map of True PlacesThe Marriage PlotThe Memory Book The Mermaids SingingThe Ministry of Special CasesThe MuralistThe Museum of InnocenceThe Mystery of the Third LucretiaThe Myth of LazinessThe NarrowsThe Necessary Death of Lewis WinterThe New YorkersThe NewleywedsThe NixThe NursesThe Opposite of InvisibleThe Other Side of the StoryThe Outcasts of 19 Schuyler PlaceThe Particular Sadness of Lemon CakeThe PastThe Penultimate PerilThe Perfect GirlThe PostcardThe Pregnant WidowThe Promise of a LieThe PyramidThe Qi Healing KitThe ReaderThe Republican BrainThe Rule of FourThe Rules of SurvivalThe Savage CityThe ScarecrowThe Second GirlThe Secret Life of BeesThe Secret of Lost ThingsThe Secret ScriptureThe Secret SpeechThe Secret Wisdom of the EarthThe ShallowsThe SharkThe Shock of the FallThe Silent BoyThe SisterThe Sound of Broken GlassThe SpindlersThe Story HourThe Story of Beautiful GirlThe Sudden Arrival of ViolenceThe Survivors ClubThe Sweet Relief of Missing ChildrenThe Sweetness at the Bottom of the PieThe Tail of Emily WindsnapThe Tenth JusticeThe Thing About JellyfishThe Third AngelThe TouristThe Treasure Map of BoysThe Trouble with Goats and SheepThe Unexpected Inheritance of Inspector ChopraThe Unfortunate Decisions of Dahlia MossThe UnquietThe Unseen WorldThe VegetarianThe View from SaturdayThe WaveThe Weed That Strings the Hangman's BagThe Weight of the NationThe Whiz Mob and the Grenadine KidThe Whole TruthThe WilloughbysThe Witch's BoyThe Wolves of AndoverThe Words We Live ByThe Wrong Side of GoodbyeThe Year of the FloodThe Year That FollowsThe Yin Yoga KitThings You Didnt SeeThirteen Reasons WhyThis Beautiful LifeThis Body of DeathThis Book Is Not Good For YouThis Full HouseThis Is HowThose GirlsThose Who Wish Me DeadTony & SusanToo Much HappinessTooth and NailTouchTransformation TriburbiaTrue BelieverTrue CompassTruth & BeautyTwinmakerTwistedTwo Can PlayTwo Little Girls in BlueUnaccustomed EarthUnder Rose-Tainted SkiesUnder the HarrowUnder the InfluenceUnder WildwoodUniversal HarvesterUnlessUnthinkingUp in the AirVery ValentineVisits from The Drowned GirlVoid MoonWaiting for SunriseWalkingWarWatching the DarkWays to Die in GlasgowWe Are OkayWhat the Dog SawWhen My Heart Joins the ThousandWhen We Were AnimalsWhen You Are Engulfed in FlamesWhen You Reach MeWhere She WentWherever You Go, There You AreWhite HotWild AwakeWild ChildWildwoodWill They Ever Trust Us Again?Wolf in White VanWomen's Murder Club Box SetYoga SanctuaryYou Know Me WellYou Look Different in Real LifeYou Should Have KnownYou Will Know Me
People who came of age in the bleak interregnum of the late 1970s had very little to look forward to. The excitement of psychedelic culture and the sense of purpose provided by the struggle against the Vietnam War had fizzled by then. The "greed is good" yuppie energy of the 1980s, when young adults once again had a purpose and an identity, had not yet been born. Our sad president, bundled up in his unbecoming sweater, warned us that things were going slowly downhill. Becoming a grown-up seemed a very bleak prospect.
And then, suddenly, without precedent or warning, just when we felt most like giving up, two words--Steve Martin--raged through the great American high school, and joy was returned to the earth.
Through records, television appearances, and the astonishing power of word of mouth, it seemed that every teenager in America got the news and joined the cult. For awhile, everything Martin said was a catch phrase. Not just his famous, "Excuuuuuuuuuuuse Me!" but also nearly meaningless, contextless phrases like "Let's get small," "We're havin' some fun now," and "Next time, try five of them."
It was easy to memorize his routines; the bits collected on his three gold- and platinum-selling records between 1977 and 1979 amount to no more than about 112 minutes of material. It was not so easy to know what it was that made him so completely different from everyone who had come before and so very, very welcome.
Martin himself isn't quite sure why it all worked exactly the way it did, but that's not for lack of trying to figure it out. His memoir, Born Standing Up: A Comic's Life, begins with the lines: "I did stand-up comedy for eighteen years. Ten of those years were spent learning, four years were spent refining, and four were spent in wild success." This book is the chronicle of the stand-up portion of Martin's illustrious and varied career.
Although the memoir begins with his birth, in Waco, Texas, in 1945, and includes memories of estrangement and reconciliation with his parents, and a growing insight into his father's frustrated dreams of a show business career for himself, it is not primarily about Martin's family history. Nor is the book a detailed account of Martin's romantic life, although there are intriguing tales of a chaste affair with Linda Ronstadt and an eye-opening relationship with the worldly Mitzi Trumbo, daughter of the black-listed screenwriter Dalton. And it most certainly is not a comprehensive look at Martin's career, which includes writing, producing, and/or appearing in more than forty movies; two very good novels about young people with mental disorders--(Although the movie of the same name missed its mark, Shopgirl, the book, is a surprisingly insightful portrayal of depression in a young woman); the critically acclaimed play, Picasso at the Lapin Agile; several other books; numerous New Yorker essays; and countless television appearances, among other things.
What it is about is how Martin started out a lonely boy with a sub-standard magic kit and slowly, gradually, thoughtfully, and painstakingly became the most successful comedian in history.
His performing career, as best he remembers, began with a chance to play Rudolph in a kindergarten Christmas pageant. The crushing disappointment he felt when he learned that no serious attempt had been made to get him the plastic red nose he had been promised seems to be with him still. "That was the only reason I took the gig."
All the disappointments, loneliness, failed auditions, empty clubs, and "comedy death" after that, though, he seems to have survived through a single-minded will to keep improving and stretching himself and his audiences.
The second performance he chronicles here--victory in a second grade tumbling contest--he downplays with what is undoubtedly false modesty. He claims it involved nothing more than a series of somersaults and that the other children were slowly eliminated through attrition, but anyone who remembers the lithe athletic stunts Martin did in the film Roxanne will know he has a physical grace that has served his career well.
That, of course, doesn't solve the riddle either of what, exactly, was so special about him.
Never does he claim raw talent and he rarely credits luck. His tale is one of excruciatingly hard work, trial and error, and an intense study of psychology and philosophy, both academically and in the hard knocks school of mostly small, unappealing bars, folk clubs, and theaters in unmemorable towns across America.
At once the most inane and the most intellectual of comics, Martin came up at a time when there was no such thing as a comedy club. He built his act, step by step, defining a new kind of entertainment as he went along. Early on, it was a combination of magic, banjo playing, and jokes, with an occasional poetry reading. Over time, the banjo skills improved, the poems were ditched, the magic tricks became parody, and then--gradually and most important--the jokes were abandoned in favor of a new kind of comedy. "What if there were no punch lines?" Martin muses, noting that old-style comedians had a predictable rhythm to their joke-telling that indicated exactly when the audience was expected to laugh. "What if there were no indicators? What if I set up tension and never released it?" He experimented with risky new ideas, like "an elaborate presentation that climaxed in pointlessness."
A major breakthrough came in about 1972, when he realized that hippie culture had nearly run its course. Drugs, riots, and Charles Manson, among other things, had turned the culture sour, and Martin had grown tired of his own political material. He cut his hair, shaved his beard, and put on a suit. "Instead of looking like a freak with a crazy act, I now looked like a visitor from the straight world who had gone seriously awry." It worked. "Over night," he says, "I was no longer at the tail end of an old movement but at the front end of a new one."
My generation already knew we would never be flower children. And no replacement was in sight. We did not know if we had hope of being anything at all. But now, at least, we had a grown man in a three-piece suit wearing an arrow through his head and getting happy feet. Thank you.
He stopped telling topical jokes about the state of the world, and let his material become more and more surreal. "The act's unbridled nonsense was taking me and the audience, and me, on a wild ride," he recounts. Reviews ranged from dismissive to angry to ecstatic. And many times, of course, there were no reviews at all. Somehow, though, Martin plugged onward, night after night, through years when thirty people in the house was a lot. He studied audience reactions and changed timing, words, and nuances relentlessly. "My most persistent memory of stand-up," he writes, "is of my mouth being in the present and my mind being in the future. The mouth speaking the line, the body delivering the gesture, while the mind looks back, observing, analyzing, judging, worrying, and then deciding when and what to say next."
If there is any lesson in this book about what sets apart the successful person from all others, it is this doggedness, this inability to imagine not doing what you're doing, no matter how difficult and thankless it seems.
Finally, after a decade and a half of struggle, the confluence of a few outstanding reviews of his stand-up shows and the birth of NBC's "Saturday Night Live," which gave him both a national audience of young people and a crew of colleagues on the same humor wavelength, signaled that his moment had come. Martin gives a rapid rundown of the "wild success" years: theaters could now fill fifty seats for his shows, then 500, 1,000, 3,000 . . . until he was playing stadiums filled with 40,000 people, a feat unprecedented by any comedian ever. The thrill of finally reaching the success he had striven for all his life was now tempered by the fact that he was so famous he had to rush, with bodyguards, from theater to hotel and do nothing between performances but sit alone in darkened rooms watching "Brady Bunch" reruns. "Oh yes," he says, "I've heard the argument that celebrities want fame when it's useful and don't when it's not. That argument is absolutely true."
Although Martin had the sanity and the ability to change the course of his career when the comedy roller-coaster reached its pinnacle and threatened to send him careening down the other side, he never questions his calling to show business. Anyone who shares his drive to perform would be well advised to read this thoughtful, down-to-earth account of what it takes to get there. Martin's voice is intelligent, mature, analytical, and warm, and his story is compelling. For those who want to literally hear his voice, the unabridged recording, excellently read by the author himself, is available on CD from Simon & Schuster Audio.
© 2008 First Serial Rights. Heather Liston
Heather Liston is a free lance writer based in San Francisco