email page print pageAll Topic Reviews
A New Understanding of Mental Disorders A Theory of Feelings Addictions Memory and the Self"Intimate" Violence against Women1001 Solution-Focused Questions101 Healing Stories101 Things I Wish I'd Known When I Started Using Hypnosis50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology50 Reasons People Give for Believing in a God8 Keys to Body Brain BalanceA Brief History of Modern PsychologyA Conceptual History of PsychologyA Conceptual History of Psychology: Exploring the Tangled Web A Cooperative SpeciesA Guide to Teaching Introductory PsychologyA History of Modern Experimental PsychologyA History of Psychology in AutobiographyA History of Social PsychologyA History of the BrainA History of the MindA Hole in the HeadA Matter of SecurityA Mind of Its OwnA Natural History of Human ThinkingA Place for ConsciousnessA Short Introduction to Promoting Resilience in ChildrenA Social History of PsychologyA Stroll With William JamesA System Architecture Approach to the BrainA Theory of FreedomA Very Bad WizardAbductedAbout FacesAccounts of InnocenceAction, Emotion and WillAdapting MindsAddiction and Self-ControlADHD & MeADHD in AdultsAdieu to GodAdolescence and Body ImageAdult Bipolar DisordersAdvances in Culture and PsychologyAdvances in Identity Theory and ResearchAffect Regulation, Mentalization, and the Development of SelfAffective MappingAgainst EmpathyAgainst HappinessAges and StagesAll Joy and No FunAll Out!All We Have to FearAlterations of ConsciousnessAmerican Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical NeurosciencesAn Argument for MindAncient Bodies, Modern LivesAnd BreatheAnimal MadnessAnimal Tool BehaviorAnimals in TranslationAnomalous CognitionAping MankindArtificial ConsciousnessAspects of PsychologismAsperger Syndrome and Your ChildAsperger Syndrome, Adolescence, and IdentityAssessment and Treatment of Childhood Problems, Second EditionAssisted Suicide and the Right to DieAttachedAttention is Cognitive UnisonAutism and the Myth of the Person AloneAutopsy of a Suicidal MindBecoming an Effective PsychotherapistBehavingBehavioral Genetics in the Postgenomic EraBeing No OneBelievingBetween Two WorldsBeyond AppearanceBeyond BlueBeyond BullyingBeyond MadnessBeyond MelancholyBeyond the BrainBeyond the DSM StoryBig DreamsBiofeedback for the BrainBipolar ChildrenBipolar DisorderBipolar KidsBlackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive DevelopmentBlind SpotsBlindsight & The Nature of ConsciousnessBlubberlandBlushBodiesBody ConsciousnessBody Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in YouthBody SenseBody WorkBorderline Personality DisorderBorderline Personality Disorder and the Conversational ModelBorn DigitalBorn to Be GoodBorn Together - Reared ApartBounceBoundaries in Human RelationshipsBounded RationalityBozo SapiensBrain and CultureBrain and the GazeBrain Arousal and Information TheoryBrain BugsBrain Change TherapyBrain Circuitry and Signaling in PsychiatryBrain FictionBrain, Mind, and Human Behavior in Contemporary Cognitive ScienceBrain-Based Therapy with AdultsBrain-WiseBrainstormBrainstormingBraintrustBrainwashingBrandedBreaking Murphy's LawBright-SidedBuddha's BrainBullying and TeasingBuyologyCan't You Hear Them?CaptureCare of the PsycheCartesian LinguisticsCartographies of the MindCerebrum 2007Cerebrum 2010Cerebrum 2015Cerebrum Anthology 2013Changing the SubjectCharacter Strengths and VirtuesCheating LessonsChild and Adolescent Psychological DisordersChildren’s Dreaming and the Development of Consciousness Chomsky NotebookClinical Psychiatry in Imperial GermanyClinical Psychology in Practice ClosureCognition and PerceptionCognition and the BrainCognitive BiologyCognitive DissonanceCognitive FictionsCognitive Mechanisms of Belief ChangeCognitive PragmaticsCognitive ScienceCognitive ScienceCognitive Systems and the Extended MindCognitive Therapy of Anxiety DisordersCognitive Unconscious and Human RationalityCold-Blooded KindnessComing of Age in Second LifeCommunication Issues In Autism And Asperger SyndromeCompassion and Healing in Medicine and SocietyComplementary and Alternative Therapies ResearchComprehending ColumbineConfessions of a SociopathConquering Shame and CodependencyConsciousnessConsciousnessConsciousnessConsciousnessConsciousnessConsciousness ConsciousnessConsciousness and Its Place in NatureConsciousness and LanguageConsciousness and Mental LifeConsciousness and MindConsciousness and the NovelConsciousness and the Social BrainConsciousness EmergingConsciousness RecoveredConsciousness RevisitedConsciousness, Self-Consciousness, and the Science of Being HumanConstructing PainConsumer NeuroscienceContemporary Debates in Cognitive ScienceConversations on ConsciousnessConviction of the InnocentCooperation and Its EvolutionCreating a Life of Meaning and CompassionCredit and BlameCritical New Perspectives on Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity DisorderCritical PsychologyCritical Thinking About PsychologyCross-Cultural PsychologyCrowdsourcingCrueltyCultural Assessment in Clinical PsychiatryCuriousDamasio's Error and Descartes' TruthDangerous and Severe Personality DisorderDaniel DennettDaughters of MadnessDeafness In MindDeath and ConsciousnessDeath of a ParentDecomposing the WillDeep Brain StimulationDeep ChinaDefining DifferenceDefining Psychopathology in the 21st CenturyDelusion and Self-DeceptionDelusions of GenderDennett and Ricoeur on the Narrative SelfDeparting from DevianceDescartes' BabyDescartes's Changing MindDescribing Inner Experience?Desert Islands and Other Texts (1953-1974)Destructive EmotionsDevelopment of Geocentric Spatial Language and CognitionDevelopment of PsychopathologyDialogues on DifferenceDid My Neurons Make Me Do It?Digital HemlockDirty MindsDisgust and Its DisordersDisorders of VolitionDo Apes Read Minds?Do Fish Feel Pain?Does Consciousness Cause Behavior?Doing without ConceptsDrunk Tank PinkEducating People to Be Emotionally IntelligentEffective IntentionsEffective Writing in PsychologyEffortless AttentionEmbodied Minds in ActionEmbracing MindEmbracing UncertaintyEmotion and ConsciousnessEmotion ExperienceEmotion RegulationEmotion, Evolution, And RationalityEmotional IntelligenceEmotionally InvolvedEmotionsEmotionsEmotions and LifeEmotions in Humans and ArtifactsEmotions RevealedEmotions, Aggression, and Morality in ChildrenEmotions, Stress, and HealthEmpathyEnjoymentErotic MoralityEscape Your Own PrisonEssays in Social NeuroscienceEssential Sources in the Scientific Study of ConsciousnessEthical Issues in Forensic Mental Health ResearchEthically Challenged ProfessionsEveryday Mind ReadingEvidence for PsiEvidence-Based Mental Health PracticeEvil MenEvolution and Human BehaviorEvolution and LearningEvolution, Games, and GodEvolution, Gender, and RapeEvolutionary Psychology and ViolenceEvolutionary Psychology as Maladapted PsychologyExacting BeautyExperiences of DepressionExperimenterExplaining the BrainExplaining the BrainExplorations in Neuroscience, Psychology and ReligionExploring TranssexualismExpression and the InnerExtending Self-Esteem ResearchExtraordinary BeliefsFact and Value in EmotionFaking ItFatigue as a Window to the BrainFavorite Activities for the Teaching of PsychologyFeeling GoodFeeling Pain and Being in PainFeelings and EmotionsFinding Meaning, Facing FearsFitting In Is OverratedFive Constraints on Predicting BehaviorFlourishingFlow: The Psychology of Optimal ExperienceFolk Psychological NarrativesFooling HoudiniForever YoungFormulation in Psychology and PsychotherapyFoucault, Psychology and the Analytics of PowerFoundational Issues in Human Brain MappingFoundations of Psychological ThoughtFree Will as an Open Scientific ProblemFreedom And NeurobiologyFreedom EvolvesFrom Axons to IdentityFrom Madness to Mental HealthFrom Neurons to Self-ConsciousnessFrom Passions to EmotionsFrom Philosophy to PsychotherapyFrom Symptom to SynapseFrontiers of ConsciousnessGay, Straight, and the Reason WhyGenerosityGenes, Environment, and PsychopathologyGenetic Nature/CultureGeniusGetting Under the SkinGlued to GamesGoing SaneGot Parts?Group GeniusGrowing Up GirlGuilt, Shame, and AnxietyGut ReactionsHallucinationHandbook New Sexuality StudiesHandbook of Closeness and IntimacyHandbook of Critical PsychologyHandbook of Emotion RegulationHandbook of EmotionsHandbook of Personality DisordersHandbook of PsychopathyHandbook of Self and IdentityHandbook of Self and IdentityHandbook of Spatial CognitionHappinessHappinessHappinessHappinessHappiness at WorkHappiness Is.Happy at LastHard to GetHardwired BehaviorHatredHealing the SplitHidden ResourcesHope and DespairHot ThoughtHot ThoughtHouse and PsychologyHow Animals Affect UsHow Animals GrieveHow Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?How Doctors ThinkHow Enlightenment Changes Your BrainHow Families Still MatterHow History Made the MindHow Infants Know MindsHow Many Friends Does One Person Need?How People ChangeHow Professors ThinkHow The Body Shapes The MindHow the Body Shapes the Way We ThinkHow the Mind Explains BehaviorHow the Mind Uses the BrainHow to Change Someone You LoveHow We ReasonHow We RememberHughes' Outline of Modern PsychiatryHumanHuman BondingHuman Reasoning and Cognitive ScienceHume’s Moral Philosophy and Contemporary PsychologyHypnotismHysteriaiBrainIdentifying Hyperactive ChildrenIdentifying the MindiDisorderImagination and the Meaningful BrainImitation and the Social MindImpulse Control DisordersImpulsivityIn an Unspoken VoiceIn Defense of SentimentalityIn DoubtIn Search of HappinessIn the Wake of 9/11Individual and Collective Memory ConsolidationInner Experience and NeuroscienceInner PresenceInside the American CoupleIntegrated Behavioral Health CareIntegrating Evolution and DevelopmentIntegrating Psychotherapy and PharmacotherapyIntegrity and the Fragile SelfIntellectual DisabilityIntelligenceIntelligence, Destiny, and EducationIntentions and IntentionalityInterdependent MindsInterpreting MindsInto the Minds of MadmenIntoxicating MindsIntrospection VindicatedIntuitionInventing PersonalityInvestigating the Psychological WorldIrrationalityIs There Anything Good About Men?Issues for Families, Schools and CommunitiesJane Sexes It UpJoint AttentionJoint AttentionJudgment and Decision MakingJust a DogJust BabiesJuvenile-Onset SchizophreniaKarl JaspersKey Thinkers in PsychologyKidding OurselvesKids of CharacterKilling MonstersLack of CharacterLanguage OriginsLanguage, Consciousness, CultureLanguage, Vision, and MusicLaw, Mind and BrainLess Than HumanLet Kids Be KidsLet's Talk About DeathLiving NarrativeLiving with Mild Cognitive ImpairmentLonelinessLooking for SpinozaLossLOT 2Love at Goon ParkMachine ConsciousnessMacrocognitionMade for Each OtherMadnessMadness and Modernism: Insanity in the light of modern art, literature, and thought Making a Good Brain GreatMaking Habits, Breaking HabitsMaking Minds and MadnessMaking Up the MindMale SexualityMan and WomanMan's Search for MeaningMan, Beast, and ZombieManic MindsManlinessMapping the MindMarking the MindMarvelous Learning AnimalMasculinity Studies and Feminist TheoryMeaningMeaning, Mortality, and ChoiceMedical MusesMeditating SelflesslyMeetings with a Remarkable ManMemoryMemory and DreamsMemory and EmotionMemory And UnderstandingMental BiologyMental IllnessMental Time TravelMetacognitionMetacognition and Theory of MindMethods in MindMindMindMind and BrainMind and ConsciousnessMind Games:Mind in LifeMind TimeMind to MindMind, Brain and the Elusive SoulMindful AngerMindfulnessMindfulnessMindfulness and AcceptanceMindfulness-Based Treatment Approaches: Clinician's Guide to Evidence Base and ApplicationsMinding AnimalsMinding MindsMindreadersMindreading AnimalsMinds, Brains, and LawMindsightMindworldsMirrors in the BrainMistakes Were Made (But Not by Me)Models of MadnessMoodMoral Development and RealityMoral MindsMoral Psychology, Volume 1Moral Psychology, Volume 2Moral Psychology, Volume 3Mothers and OthersMotivation and Cognitive ControlMotivational Interviewing: Preparing People For ChangeMovies and the MindMulticulturalism and the Therapeutic ProcessMultiplicityMuses, Madmen, and ProphetsMy Family AlbumMyths about SuicideNarrative IdentitiesNarrative PsychiatryNarratives in PsychiatryNaturalizing Intention in ActionNature and NarrativeNature Via NurtureNeither Bad nor MadNerveNeurobiology and the Development of Human MoralityNeurochemistry of ConsciousnessNeurodiversityNeuroethicsNeuroLogicNeurological Foundations of Cognitive Neuroscience Neuroscience and PhilosophyNo Child Left DifferentNo Two AlikeNot By Genes AloneNot Much Just Chillin'Not So Abnormal PsychologyNurturing the Older Brain and MindOn AnxietyOn Being an Introvert or Highly Sensitive PersonOn Being HumanOn Being MovedOn Deep History and the BrainOn DesireOn KillingOn Nature and LanguageOn PaedophiliaOn PersonalityOn the Frontier of AdulthoodOn the Origins of Cognitive ScienceOn The Stigma Of Mental IllnessOnflowOpen MindsOpening Skinner's BoxOrigin of MindOrigins of PsychopathologyOther MindsOut of Our HeadsOut of the WoodsOvercoming Depersonalization DisorderPanpsychism and the Religious AttitudePanpsychism in the WestParenting and the Child's WorldPassionate EnginesPathologies of the WestPatient-Based Approaches to Cognitive NeurosciencePediatric PsychopharmacologyPeople Types and Tiger StripesPerception & CognitionPerception beyond InferencePerception, Hallucination, and IllusionPersonal Development and Clinical PsychologyPerspectives on ImitationPhantoms in the BrainPhenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal KnowledgePhenomenology and Philosophy of MindPhilosophical Foundations of NeurosciencePhilosophical MidwiferyPhilosophy and HappinessPhilosophy of PsychologyPhilosophy, Neuroscience and ConsciousnessPhrenologyPhysical RealizationPhysics in MindPieces of LightPlaying with FirePositive PsychologyPositive PsychologyPostcards from the Brain MuseumPostpsychiatryPosttraumatic Stress DisorderPoverty and Brain Development During ChildhoodPractical Ethics for PsychologistsPractical Management of Personality DisorderPractical Management of Personality DisorderPredicative MindsPredictably IrrationalPreference, Belief, and SimilarityPrenatal Testosterone in MindPrivileged AccessProcess-Based CBTProcrastinationProust Was a NeuroscientistPsychiatric SlaveryPsychiatry as Cognitive NeurosciencePsychiatry, Psychoanalysis, And The New Biology Of MindPsychological AgencyPsychological Concepts and Biological PsychiatryPsychological Dimensions of the SelfPsychologists Defying the CrowdPsychologyPsychologyPsychology and Consumer CulturePsychology and LawPsychology and the Question of AgencyPsychology for ScreenwritersPsychology of Women: A Handbook of Issues and TheoriesPsychology's GhostsPsychology's Interpretive TurnPsychology's TerritoriesPsychopathologyPsychopathyPsychosis and EmotionPsychotherapy, American Culture, and Social PolicyPutnam CampPutting a Name to ItQuantum Memory PowerQuietRadical DistortionRadical Embodied Cognitive ScienceRadical ExternalismRadical GraceRapeRe-Visioning PsychiatryReal MaterialismReality CheckReconstructing Reason and RepresentationReconstructing the Cognitive WorldRecovery in Mental IllnessRecreative MindsRedirectReducing Adolescent RiskRegulating EmotionsRelational BeingRelational Mental HealthRelational Suicide AssessmentReliability in Cognitive NeuroscienceRemembering HomeRemembering Our ChildhoodResearch Advances in Genetics and GenomicsResearching Children's ExperienceResilience in ChildrenRestoring ResilienceRethinking ADHDRethinking Learning DisabilitiesRethinking Middle YearsRethinking the Western Understanding of the SelfRevolution in PsychologyRoadmap to ResilienceRomance and Sex in Adolescence and Emerging AdulthoodSchadenfreudeSchizophrenia RevealedSchizophrenia, Culture, and SubjectivityScience and Pseudoscience in Clinical PsychologyScience and Pseudoscience in Clinical PsychologySecond NatureSecond NatureSecond That EmotionSecond-order Change in PsychotherapySecrets of the MindSee What I'm SayingSee What I'm SayingSeeing and VisualizingSeeing RedSelf and SocietySelf Comes to MindSelf Control in Society, Mind, and BrainSelf-Awareness Deficits in Psychiatric PatientsSelf-CompassionSelf-RegulationSelf-Representational Approaches to ConsciousnessSelfless InsightSelvesSerial KillersSex at DawnSex on the BrainSex, Time and PowerSexual Coercion in Primates and HumansSexual DisordersSexual FluiditySexual ReckoningsSexualized BrainsShame and GuiltShatteredSimulating MindsSisyphus's BoulderSleepyheadSNAPSocial NeuroscienceSocial NeuroscienceSocial NeuroscienceSocial Psychology and DiscourseSome We Love, Some We Hate, Some We EatSoul DustSparkSpiral of EntrapmentSplendors and Miseries of the BrainSports Hypnosis in PracticeStanding at Water's EdgeStich and His CriticsStillpowerStop OverreactingStructure and Agency in Everyday LifeStructures of AgencyStuffStumbling on HappinessSubjectivity and SelfhoodSubstance Abuse and EmotionSuicidalSupersizing the MindSweet DreamsSynaptic SelfTales from Both Sides of the BrainTalking Oneself SoberTalking to BabiesTaming the Troublesome ChildTargeting AutismTeaching Problems and the Problems of TeachingTeleological RealismTen Years of Viewing from WithinTestosterone RexThat's DisgustingThe 5 Elements of Effective ThinkingThe Accidental MindThe Age of EmpathyThe Altruism EquationThe Altruistic BrainThe American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Clinical PsychiatryThe Anatomy of BiasThe Anxious BrainThe Archaeology of MindThe Art and Science of MindfulnessThe Art InstinctThe Art of HypnosisThe Asymmetrical BrainThe Bifurcation of the SelfThe Big Book of ConceptsThe Big DisconnectThe Birth of IntersubjectivityThe Birth of the MindThe Blackwell Handbook of Organizational Learning and Knowledge ManagementThe Blank SlateThe Body Has a Mind of Its OwnThe Bounds of CognitionThe Boy Who Was Raised as a DogThe BrainThe BrainThe Brain and the Meaning of LifeThe Brain SupremacyThe Brain That Changes ItselfThe Brain's Way of HealingThe Brain: Big Bangs, Behaviors, and BeliefsThe Cambridge Handbook of Cognitive ScienceThe Cambridge Handbook of Situated CognitionThe Character of ConsciousnessThe Chemistry Between UsThe Choice EffectThe Clinical Science of Suicide PreventionThe Cognitive Approach to Conscious MachinesThe Cognitive Behavioral Workbook for Anxiety: A Step-By-Step ProgramThe Cognitive NeurosciencesThe Cognitive-Emotional BrainThe College Fear FactorThe Commercialization of Intimate LifeThe Compass of PleasureThe Compassionate ConnectionThe Concepts of ConsciousnessThe Conscious BrainThe Conscious SelfThe Consuming InstinctThe Creating BrainThe Creative BrainThe Crucible of ConsciousnessThe Crucible of ExperienceThe Cure WithinThe Dao of NeuroscienceThe Developing MindThe Developing MindThe Development of PsychopathologyThe Disappearance of the Social in American Social PsychologyThe Dissolution of MindThe Duty to ProtectThe Educated ParentThe Ego TunnelThe Elephant in the RoomThe Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human ExperienceThe Emotional Foundations of PersonalityThe Emotional Journey of the Alzheimer's FamilyThe Encultured BrainThe Encyclopedia of StupidityThe Enduring Self in People with Alzheimer'sThe Epidemiology of SchizophreniaThe Essential DifferenceThe Ethical BrainThe Evolution of BeautyThe Evolution of ChildhoodThe Evolution of CooperationThe Evolution of LanguageThe Evolution of MindThe Evolving BrainThe Executive BrainThe Faces of TerrorismThe Feeling BrainThe Feeling of What HappensThe First IdeaThe Folly of FoolsThe Folly of FoolsThe Folly of FoolsThe Foundations of Cognitive ArchaeologyThe Fundamentalist MindsetThe GapThe Gender TrapThe Geography of BlissThe Gift of ShynessThe Good LifeThe Good LifeThe Happiness HypothesisThe Happiness of PursuitThe Health Psychology HandbookThe Healthy Aging BrainThe Heart of TraumaThe High Price of MaterialismThe History of PsychologyThe Human FaceThe Human SparkThe Hypomanic EdgeThe Imagery DebateThe Immeasurable MindThe Imprinted BrainThe Incredible Shrinking MindThe Innate MindThe Innate MindThe Integrated SelfThe Intentional BrainThe Language of ThoughtThe Languages of the BrainThe Lexicon of Adlerian PsychologyThe Lie DetectorsThe Lives of the BrainThe Lonely AmericanThe Lust for BloodThe Madness of WomenThe Male BrainThe Man Who Lost His LanguageThe Man Who Shocked the WorldThe Man Who Tasted ShapesThe Man Who Wasn't ThereThe Matter of the MindThe Mature MindThe Mean Girl MotiveThe Meaning of EvilThe Meaning of OthersThe Meaning of the BodyThe Measure of MadnessThe Measure of MindThe Medicalization of Everyday LifeThe Mind and the BrainThe Mind in ContextThe Mind of the ChildThe Mind of the HorseThe Mind's EyeThe Mind, the Body and the WorldThe Mind-Gut ConnectionThe Mindful BrainThe Misleading MindThe Moral MindThe Most Dangerous AnimalThe Most Human HumanThe Mother FactorThe Myth of ChoiceThe Myth of Depression as DiseaseThe Myth of Mirror NeuronsThe Myth of Self HelpThe Myth of Self-EsteemThe Myth of the Spoiled ChildThe Nature of the SelfThe Necessity Of MadnessThe Neuro RevolutionThe Neuron and the MindThe Neuropsychology of the UnconsciousThe Neuroscience of Human RelationshipsThe Neuroscience of PsychotherapyThe Neuroscience of Psychotherapy: Healing the Social BrainThe New BrainThe New Science of DreamingThe New Science of the MindThe New UnconsciousThe Normal PersonalityThe Origins of FairnessThe Overflowing BrainThe Oxford Companion to the MindThe Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of MindThe Paradoxical PrimateThe Perfectionist's HandbookThe Peripheral MindThe Phenomenology ReaderThe Philosopher's Secret FireThe Philosophical BabyThe Political MindThe Politics of HappinessThe Positive Side of Negative EmotionsThe Postnational SelfThe Postpartum EffectThe Power of PlayThe Praeger Handbook of TranssexualityThe Present Moment in Psychotherapy and Everyday LifeThe Primate MindThe Prism of GrammarThe Psychobiology of Trauma and Resilience Across the LifespanThe Psychological Construction of EmotionThe Psychology of Good and EvilThe Psychology of Good and EvilThe Psychology of HappinessThe Psychology of LifestyleThe Psychology of Religious FundamentalismThe Psychology of Science and the Origins of the Scientific MindThe Psychology of Science and the Origins of the Scientific MindThe Psychology of SpiritualityThe Psychology of StereotypingThe Psychology of SuperheroesThe Psychophysiology of Self-AwarenessThe Pursuit of PerfectThe Quest for Mental HealthThe Rational ImaginationThe Ravenous BrainThe Reasons of LoveThe Righteous MindThe Routledge Companion to Philosophy of PsychologyThe Routledge Companion to Philosophy of PsychologyThe Routledge Handbook of ConsciousnessThe Science of EvilThe Science of Intimate RelationshipsThe Science of Shame and its Treatment The Second SelfThe Secret History of EmotionThe Secret Lives of BoysThe Self and Its EmotionsThe Self-Sabotage CycleThe Sense of SelfThe Sensitive SelfThe Shape of ThoughtThe Social AnimalThe Social Nature of Mental IllnessThe Social Neuroscience of EmpathyThe Social Psychology of Good and EvilThe Social Psychology of MoralityThe Social Psychology of MoralityThe Story of Intellectual DisabilityThe Structure of ThinkingThe Survivors ClubThe Talking ApeThe Teenage BrainThe Tell-Tale BrainThe Temperamental ThreadThe Tender CutThe Tending InstinctThe Time ParadoxThe Trauma MythThe Trauma of Psychological TortureThe Trauma of Psychological TortureThe Trouble with IllnessThe True PathThe Truth About GriefThe Turing TestThe Uncertain SciencesThe Undoing ProjectThe Unhappy ChildThe Upside of IrrationalityThe War for Children's MindsThe Well-Tuned BrainThe Wild Girl, Natural Man, and the MonsterThe Winner's BrainThe Wisdom in FeelingThe Woman RacketThe World in My Mind, My Mind in the WorldThe Wow ClimaxThe Yipping TigerThemes, Issues and Debates in PsychologyTheoretical Issues in Psychology: An IntroductionTheory of AddictionTheory of MindThings and PlacesThink CatThink Confident, Be ConfidentThinking about AddictionThinking and SeeingThis Emotional Life: In Search of Ourselves...and HappinessThought and LanguageThought in a Hostile WorldTo Have and To Hurt:Toward an Evolutionary Biology of LanguageToward Replacement Parts for the BrainTrauma and Human ExistenceTrauma, Tragedy, TherapyTreating Attachment DisordersTreating Self-InjuryTreating Self-Injury: A Practical GuideTrue to Our FeelingsTrusting the Subject?Understanding and Treating Borderline Personality DisorderUnderstanding ConsciousnessUnderstanding ParanoiaUnderstanding PeopleUnderstanding TerrorismUndoing Perpetual StressUnlock the Genius WithinUnsettled MindsUnstrange MindsUnthinkingUnthoughtUs and ThemViolent PartnersVirtue, Vice, and PersonalityVision and MindVisual AgnosiaWarrior's DishonourWe Who Are DarkWednesday Is Indigo BlueWelcome to Your BrainWhat Do Women Want?What Dying People WantWhat Have We DoneWhat Intelligence Tests MissWhat Is an Emotion: Classic and Contemporary ReadingsWhat Is Emotion?What is Intelligence?What Is Mental Illness?What Is Thought?What Makes Your Brain Happy and Why You Should Do the Opposite What the Best College Students DoWhat the Dog SawWhat We Know about Emotional IntelligenceWhat We Say MattersWhat's Wrong With Morality?When Boys Become BoysWhen Perfect Isn't Good EnoughWhen the Impossible HappensWhen Walls Become DoorwaysWho's Been Sleeping in Your HeadWho's in Charge?Why Humans Like to CryWhy Love MattersWhy Lyrics LastWhy People CooperateWhy People Die by SuicideWhy Sex Matters: A Darwinian Look at Human BehaviorWhy Smart People Can Be So StupidWhy the Mind is Not a ComputerWhy Us?Why We LieWhy We LoveWhy We SleepWider than the SkyWilliam James at the BoundariesWilling, Wanting, WaitingWittgenstein And PsychologyWomen and Child Sexual AbuseWorking MindsYoga and PsychologyYou Are What You RememberYoung Minds in Social WorldsYour Brain on CubsYour Brain on FoodYour Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings,Your Brain on YogaYour Child in the BalanceZombies and Consciousness
The Handbook of Emotions is a stimulating and informative
resource. As a comprehensive and authoritative guide to the study of emotions,
it is in a league without peers.
Running to 720 pages, with 43 contributed chapters, this weighty tome
crams in a well-balanced selection of summaries covering some of the most
influential theories in emotion research. Introductory synopses are on offer
from the fields of philosophy, history, psychology, aesthetics,
neuroscience, anthropology, sociology, linguistics, developmental
psychology, psychophysiology, and more. Most of the contributions
come from eminent figures in each field, who deftly manage to combine
comprehensiveness with comprehensibility, introducing their specialist topics
to non-specialists before reporting on some of the latest findings. No other
book on emotion covers so much breadth with such authority.
This second edition, emerging initially in hardback in 2000, is an
extensive revision of the 1993 first edition. Each contribution has been
amended to reflect recent developments in their respective fields. There are
many new chapters by new authors, retitled updated chapters by retained authors,
and new authors for retained chapters with new titles. It's virtually a new
book in its own right.
Lewis & Haviland-Jones had to make some tough editorial choices this
time around, and they chose sagely. For example, papers from the illustrious
psychologists Paul MacLean and Robert Zajonc have been dropped to make way for
recent advances and hot topics. The new developments are authoritatively
documented by the chief pioneers or foremost researchers. For example, Salovey,
Mayer et al. are the best people to outline the nature of emotional
intelligence, a construct they invented in 1990; evolutionary psychology
is introduced by Cosmides & Tooby; Paul Rozin explains the character and
purpose of disgust; and psychoneuroimmunology is covered by Booth
The book begins with an introductory section of accessible synopses from
its major contributing disciplines - philosophy, history, linguistics,
sociology, theoretical psychology, clinical psychology, biology
and aesthetics. Together these confer a sense of interdisciplinary
harmony while providing a broad pedagogical base for the rest of the book.
It is notable that the first four papers gesture towards social
constructivism. The focus on the influence of culture and society suggests that
emotions are highly programmable and socially configured. This view contrasts
with the biologically-inspired papers that follow soon after. Yet the contrast
is enriching and rewarding; there is no dogmatic squabbling between paradigms.
Thankfully the contributors have—unusually for a work in this area—refrained
from banging a drum or attacking rival projects.
Significantly, the second edition reflects changing trends in the years
since the first edition. It includes new sections on Developmental Changes,
Cognitive Factors, and Health and Emotions.
There are few obvious omissions in this comprehensive and ambitious book.
From a healthcare perspective, the greatest surprise is the neglect of
therapeutic theories or practices. Psychoanalytic theory is not discussed in
much detail (though Freud is cited frequently in vague support of other
arguments), and no effort is made to relate the outlines of cognitive theories
to the therapeutic literature. There is hardly any mention of life skills or
strategies for improving emotional competencies, and as a result the book
conveys an uncomfortably fatalistic impression of emotional destiny.
One might have anticipated a more detailed account of the existentialist
theory, with its emphasis on personal choice in emotional reactions, but oddly
even Solomon declines to elaborate his own brand here. There is also no sign of
the burgeoning subdiscipline of affective computing, which models
emotion processing in expert systems and agent architectures, and designs
interfaces to co-operate with users' emotions. These developments and
applications of emotion theory might be more consonant than some of the
eclectic choices in the present collection.
Each chapter is self-contained, complete with its own framework for
understanding emotion, and can be read in isolation. Inevitably there are
glosses that may rankle specialists, but in the main the loss of detail is
tolerable for the sake of brevity. As the theorists each set out their stalls,
there is frequent reiteration of arguments about biological functions and
evolutionary pressures, the role of cognitive appraisals, and the research bias
towards extreme or negative emotions. But this book is not intended to be read
like a novel. Some degree of repetition is unavoidable.
The scientific nature of this collection gives it a strongly reductionist
theme which could have been balanced by the inclusion of more holistic views.
For example, contributors might have explored the contemporary concept of
emotional "closure" with reference to, for example, cycles of
experience in Gestalt psychology, or the notion of spiritual harmony in
Some of the technical reports of empirical studies seem a little out of
place in a handbook, much as they would in a textbook or encyclopedia. One
would expect them to be published in an empirical journal and summarized with a
The book is well indexed, with separate author and subject indices. An
individual bibliography is included at the end of each chapter. There has also been
a welcome improvement in typescript. The first edition used an antiquated font
that made the text appear decades out of date. The modern appearance of this
version is more in tune with its contemporary content.
The synopses on offer here are suitable for novices and specialists
alike. The Handbook of Emotions would be a worthwhile investment for any
psychologist. For professionals specializing in emotion it is equally useful as
an authoritative reference work, a foundation text for a graduate course, and a
source of inspiration for novel research projects.
I. Interdisciplinary Foundations
Philosophy of Emotions, Robert Solomon, (pp.3-15)
of Emotions: Issues of Change and Impact, Peter Stearns, (pp.16-29)
Emotional Meaning: Category, Metaphor, Schema, Discourse, Geoffrey White,
Models in the Explanation of Emotions, Theodore Kemper, (pp.45-58)
Psychologist's Point of View, Nico Frijda, (pp.59-74)
and Clinical Depression: An Environmental View, George Brown, (pp.75-90)
Psychology and the Emotions, Leda Cosmides and John Tooby, (pp.91-115)
Art, and the Humanities, Ed Tan, (pp.116-134)
II. Biological and Neurophysiological Approaches to Emotion
as Natural Kinds within the Mammalian Brain, Jaak Panksepp, (pp.137-156)
Networks in the Brain, Joseph LeDoux and Elizabeth Phelps, (pp.157-172)
Psychophysiology of Emotion, John T. Cacioppo, Gary G. Berntson, Jeff, T.
Larsen, Kirsten M. Poehlmann and Tiffany A. Ito, (pp.173-191)
and Behavior Genetics, Richard Rende, (pp.192-202)
Approaches to the Study of Infant Emotion, Nathan Fox and Susan Calkins,
Communication of Emotion, Tom Johnstone and Klaus Scherer, (pp.220-235)
Expression of Emotion, Dacher Keltner and Paul Ekman, (pp.236-249)
III. Developmental Changes
Organizational, and Regulatory Functions of Discrete Emotions, Carroll
Izard and Brian Ackerman, (pp.253-264)
Emergence of Human Emotions, Michael Lewis, (pp.265-280)
Understanding Emotion, Paul Harris, (pp.281-292)
and Identity, Jeannette Haviland-Jones and Patricia Kahlbaugh, (pp.293-305)
Social Context of Emotional Development, Carolyn Saarni, (pp.306-322)
IV. Social/Personality Issues
Emotional Well-Being, Ed Diener and Richard Lucas, (pp.325-337)
Emotion, and Expression, Leslie Brody and Judith Hall, (pp.338-349)
Effects of Mood on Social Judgment and Reasoning, Joseph Forgas and Patrick
Expression in Groups, Ursula Hess and Gilles Kirouac, (pp.368-381)
as an Emotion Construct: Theoretical and Practical Issues, John Bates,
Cultural Psychology of the Emotions: Ancient and New, Richard Shweder and
Jonathan Haidt, (pp.397-414)
V. Cognitive Factors
Affect and Decision Making, Alice Isen, (pp.417-435)
Goal Appraisal Theory of Emotional Understanding: Implications for Development
and Learning, Nancy Stein, Tom Trabasso and Maria Liwag, (pp.436-457)
and Social Construction in Emotion, Philip Johnson-Laird and Keith Oatley,
and Memory, W. Parrott and Matthew Spackman, (pp.476-490)
Concepts, James Russell and Ghyslaine Lemay, (pp.491-503)
Directions in Emotional Intelligence Research, Peter Salovey, Brian Bedell,
Jerusha Detweiler and John Mayer, (pp.504-520)
VI. Health and Emotions
and Physical Illness: Causes and Indicators of Vulnerability, Howard Leventhal
and Linda Patrick-Miller, (pp.523-537)
Seeing Is Feeling: A Cognitive-Emotional Approach to Coping with Health Stress,
Suzanne Miller and Robert Schnoll, (pp.538-557)
and Immunity, Roger Booth and James Pennebaker, (pp.558-570)
VII. Select Emotions
and Anxiety: Evolutionary, Cognitive, and Clinical Perspectives, Arne Öhman,
Development of Anger and Hostile Interactions, Elizabeth Lemerise and
Kenneth Dodge, (pp.594-606)
"Sadness"—Is There Such a Thing?, Carolyn Barr-Zisowitz,
Emotions: Embarrassment, Pride, Shame, and Guilt, Michael Lewis,
Paul Rozin, Jonathan Haidt and Clark McCauley, (pp.637-653)
and Attachment Processes, Elaine Hatfield and Richard Rapson, (pp.654-662)
James Averill and Thomas More, (pp.663-676)
and Sympathy, Nancy Eisenberg, (pp.677-691)
Whirlwind Tour of individual chapters
In the first chapter, The Philosophy of Emotion, Robert Solomon
traces a history of views on emotion from the ancient Greeks, via the Stoics
and the Enlightenment thinkers, to the cognitive and neuroscientific theories
of the modern era. His gentle introduction thankfully eschews his trademark cognitivist
rhetoric, providing a firm historical context for the contemporary theories
The second chapter swerves into an unconventional literature: history.
Peter Stearn emphasises how records of emotions have changed over time: perhaps
reflecting differences in their social significance, their role in personal
identity and even their subjective experience. It is often assumed that the
nature of emotions is timeless and only our ideas and theories change. But
without the sophisticated stimuli or complex social structures of today,
emotional life in preceding generations may have been vastly different. How
could our ancestors ever have imagined the spectacular dazzle of a cinematic
epic, or the complex media-obsessed trauma of modern teenage life? It is hard
to imagine. Yet modern audiences find emotional resonances in historical
literature, often based on the eternal themes of desire, loss, loyalty and
deception amongst others. So to what extent does the culture and the mood of
the times influence our emotions? It is a very interesting question. Stearns
reports on the early state of historical research and its connections to other
disciplines but he does not venture a conclusion.
Next up is Geoffrey White's comprehensive summary of theories in emotion
semantics and comparative linguistics. He touches on theories of
semantic structure—including categories, prototypes, metaphors, and
schemata—and examines the content of expressions in other cultures, such as the
Cheke Holo language from the Solomon Islands. The major researchers in
the area are all represented here. There is some overlap with the chapter on
emotions concepts by Russell & Lemay.
The sociologist Theodore Kemper examines the communicative function of
emotions, their relationship to status, the regulation of social order via
pride and shame, and the pressure to control and suppress in social situations.
In The Psychologist's Point of View, Nico Frijda (pronounced Freyda)
gives the most central account in the collection with a brief survey of
theories of emotion and related questions in psychology. He highlights the
widely acknowledged problem that a single universal research definition will be
forever elusive due to the multimodal aspects and multifunctional purposes of
emotions. In many respects his account echoes Solomon's earlier chapter,
revealing parallel and cross-pollinating trends in philosophy and psychology.
George Brown empirical reports some empirical findings on factors
influencing clinical depression, construed according to a standard
cognitive appraisal theory. The focus is firmly on etiology and risk factors
and there is no discussion of therapeutic interventions.
Next, Cosmides and Tooby set out their psychoevolutionary stall
with a comprehensive position paper on the functional modularity of emotions.
Very fine expositors they are too. This paper could serve as the main text for
a reading list on the psychoevolutionary view.
Rounding off the introductory section is a seemingly incongruent paper on
emotion and art, which examines the influence of emotions on the
creation and evaluation of artworks and how they are represented visually. This
is fascinating stuff but one wonders whether it tells us much but the nature of
and Neuropsychological Approaches to Emotion
Jaak Panksepp's superbly concise and cogent summary of his position in Affective
Neuroscience (1998) is a highly recommended overview of a book which many
readers find daunting in its scientific detail.
Joseph LeDoux's summary of his theory of fear conditioning is
similar to most of his papers on offer elsewhere, with slightly more detail on
the internal structure of the amygdala and the role of the hippocampus in
Five further papers in this section examine other biological variables such
as psychophysiological measurement, vocal inflection and facial
expression. Richard Rende has an intriguing perspective on behaviour
genetics, linking genetics with personality research.
The chapter by Izard and Ackerman is a concise summary of Izard's
multi-threaded functional analysis known as Differential Emotions Theory.
It is followed by papers discussing the emergence of emotional
capacities, the child's understanding of emotion and the role of
emotions in an individual's sense of personal and social identity. Each
contribution comes equipped with its own basic framework for understanding
The final paper comments on the social development of emotional norms and
patterns in various cultural groups, showing the influence of social context.
Diener & Lucas's chapter on Subjective Emotional Wellbeing
provides a welcome antidote to the typical academic focus on extreme, complex
or negative emotions. In general, people normally report a background of mild
and reasonably pleasant emotions on a day to day basis, but these are rarely
discussed; the authors aim to redress that imbalance.
A summary chapter on gender differences in emotion follows,
relating some useful findings but saying little by way of surprise or
controversy. Further empirical chapters examine the higher level constructs of mood
and temperament. The paper on social expression suggests that our
emotions are more open to influence than we normally assume.
Surprisingly, Parrott & Spackman's chapter on emotion and memory
omits mention of the so-called "flashbulb memory" effect that is the
mainstay of most other summaries on the same topic. The focus instead is on mood
congruent and mood incongruent recall. They finish with a critical
tirade against associative network theories of memory, and reductive or
mechanistic models of the mind in general.
In Emotion Concepts, Russell & Lemay separate theories of the
nature of emotion from theories of the concepts of emotion, arguing that most theorists
conflate the two. Anyone attempting to understand emotion via conceptual
analysis would do well to take account of the complexities noted in this
Salovey, Mayer and their colleagues present a succinct overview of work
on emotional intelligence. They coined the expression in 1990, but were
disenchanted with its portrayal in the popular media. Here they attempt to
seize the construct back and restore it to its original scientific status,
providing a conceptual framework for it and explaining the techniques used to
V. Emotions and
While this new section is undoubtedly welcome, it is unfortunately scant
and incomplete. It consists of only 3 chapters, which scarcely touch on the
most obvious topics: clinical depression, the emotional bases of psychosomatic
or somatoform disorders, or psychotherapy and palliative care.
Levental & Patrick-Miller examine the relationship of emotions to disease,
partly as causes and outcomes, but mostly as indicators of physiological
resources. It is an interesting and unusual slant on the information functions
Miller & Scholl have developed a psychometric scale to measure the
effect of two different types of coping response. Here they apply it to the
diagnosis of cancer and explain, by means of a general cognitive-emotional
model, how the pathology of the disease is influenced by the way that people
construe their illness.
Booth & Pennebaker's chapter on the immune system constitutes
a handy primer for psychoneuroimmunology. If you'd like to understand what
happens to your cytokine and cortisol levels when you get stressed and why it
matters, this is a good starting point. The principle of teleological
coherence (harmony of purpose) states that emotions and the immune system
share the same ultimate goal - protecting the self - so it is not surprising
they are functionally intertwined. The authors cite a range of studies
indicating that emotional disclosure confers health benefits. Talking or
writing about trauma is good for you, and here's the proof.
The distinctive emotion types examined here include fear and anxiety,
anger, sadness, and happiness, and a discussion of how empathy extends our
capacities to respond.
Arne Öhman is principally known for his work on unconscious processes.
His chapter on fear and anxiety turns upon the idea that elicitation of
emotion is not a conscious step. A simple parallel information processing
architecture automatically mobilises resources and orients attention towards
the perceived or imagined stimulus, priming the agent for strategic thinking.
This occurs, he argues, even in the case of seemingly cognitive emotions.
Lemerise & Dodge explore different aspects of the development of anger
in infants, examining how individual differences correlate with performance
In "Sadness-Is there such a thing?", Carol Barr-Zisowitz notes
there has been little attention to the phenomenon of sadness in comparison to,
for instance, fear or depression. Surveying evidence from other cultures, particularly
Lutz's work with Ifaluk islanders, she too becomes a skeptic, convinced that
distress is the basic biological reality and "sadness" is a category
of convenience. Her argument is interesting, if philosophically weak.
In psychological circles, the basic emotion of disgust is strongly
associated with Paul Rozin, and he and his colleagues have plenty to say about
it here, covering just about every possible angle from its expressive
components, to its biological specificity and function, to interpersonal and
moral disgust, to cultural differences and neural underpinnings.
Hatfield & Rapson lift the lid on one of life's eternal mysteries: passionate
love. The rewards and costs of romance are laid bare, revealing the
underlying evolutionary rationale for attachment phenomena that may strike us
as absurdly irrational. This account helps to explain why needy people so often
become trapped in destructive relationships.
Averrill & More's overview of Happiness focuses on the Aristotlean
concept of eudaimonia, examining its biological, social and
psychological mechanisms, and relating it to personality factors. This chapter
adds substance to an often abstract and vague topic, and could be a solid
foundation for debates in philosophical counselling.
Eisenberg's discussion of empathy and sympathy touches on the
origins of the empathetic impulse and its biological basis, in a mostly
inconclusive discussion of empirical results padded out with observations and
© 2004 Sam Brown
Sam Brown is currently completing a PhD
on the cognitive science of emotion. He has an MA in Philosophy and an MPhil in