Childhood Disorders
Resources

 email page    print page

All Topic Reviews
12 and HoldingA Guide to Asperger SyndromeA Lethal InheritanceA Mother's Courage: Talking Back to AutismA Parent's Guide to Asperger Syndrome and High-Functioning AutismA Special EducationA Toss Of The DiceA Tribe ApartA User Guide to the GF/CF Diet for Autism, Asperger Syndrome and AD/HDA Walk in the Rain With a BrainABC of Eating DisordersADD-Friendly Ways to Organize Your LifeADHD Grown UpADHD in the Schools: Assessment and Intervention StrategiesAdolescence and Body ImageAdolescent DepressionAggression and Antisocial Behavior in Children and AdolescentsAll Alone in the UniverseAlpha GirlsAmericaAnother PlanetAntisocial Behavior in Children and AdolescentsAsperger Syndrome and Your ChildAsperger Syndrome, Adolescence, and IdentityAsperger's and GirlsAssessment of Childhood DisordersAttention Deficit DisorderAttention-Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity DisorderAutism - The Eighth Colour of the RainbowAutism and MeAutism's False ProphetsAutistic Spectrum DisordersBad GirlBeen There, Done That? DO THIS!Before I DieBetween Two WorldsBeyond AppearanceBig Mouth & Ugly GirlBipolar ChildrenBipolar Disorder in Childhood and Early AdolescenceBipolar DisordersBipolar KidsBlackwell Handbook of Childhood Cognitive DevelopmentBody Image, Eating Disorders, and ObesityBody Image, Eating Disorders, and Obesity in YouthBoy AloneBrain-Based Therapy with Children and AdolescentsBreaking PointBreathing UnderwaterBringing Up ParentsBullying and TeasingBullying PreventionBut I Love HimCan't Eat, Won't EatCaring for a Child with AutismCatalystChild and Adolescent PsychiatryChild and Adolescent Psychological DisordersChild and Adolescent PsychopathologyChild NeuropsychologyChild Well-BeingChildren and SexualityChildren Changed by TraumaChildren with Emerald EyesChildren with Sexual Behavior ProblemsChildren, Sexuality and SexualizationChildren’s Dreaming and the Development of Consciousness City of OneCommunication Issues In Autism And Asperger SyndromeConcepts of NormalityConcise Guide to Child and Adolescent PsychiatryConquering the Beast WithinConsuming KidsContesting ChildhoodCount Us InCrackedCrossesCutCyber-Safe Kids, Cyber-Savvy TeensDamageDemystifying the Autistic ExperienceDescartes' BabyDilemmas of DesireDirtyDisconnected KidsDoing SchoolDon't Bother Me Mom--I'm Learning!Don't Pick On MeDying to Be ThinEarly Intervention Programs and PoliciesEating an ArtichokeEducating Children With AutismEight Stories UpElijah's CupEmerald City BluesEmotional and Behavioral Problems of Young ChildrenEpilepticEthical Dilemmas in PediatricsEvery Girl Tells a StoryExiting NirvanaExploiting ChildhoodEye ContactFacing BipolarFamily HistoryFast GirlsForever YoungFreaks, Geeks and Asperger SyndromeFreewillFrictionGirl CultureGirl in the MirrorGirlfightingGirlhoodGirlWiseHandbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and AdolescentsHandbook of Preschool Mental HealthHealing ADDHelping Children Cope With Disasters and TerrorismHelping Hyperactive KidsHelping Parents, Youth, and Teachers Understand Medications for Behavioral and Emotional ProblemsHelping Students Overcome Depression and AnxietyHelping Teens Who CutHollow KidsHope's BoyHow Infants Know MindsHow to Keep Your Teenager Out of Trouble and What to Do If You Can'tHurry Down SunshineI Am Not Joey PigzaIdentifying Hyperactive ChildrenIf Your Adolescent Has an Eating DisorderIn the Company of CraziesIncorporating Social Goals in the ClassroomIntegrated YogaIntrusive ParentingIssues for Families, Schools and CommunitiesJake RileyJoey Pigza Loses ControlJoey Pigza Swallowed the KeyJuvenile-Onset SchizophreniaKim: Empty InsideLearning and Behavior Problems in Asperger SyndromeLearning Disorders and Disorders of the Self in Children and AdolescentsLearning Outside the Lines Let Kids Be KidsLiberation's ChildrenLife As We Know ItLisa, Bright and DarkLook Me in the EyeLoserLove and SexLove That DogMad at SchoolMaking ADD WorkMaking American BoysManicMastering Anger and AggressionMaverick MindMedicating ChildrenMind FieldsMind to MindMommy I'm Still in HereMore Than a LabelMy Flesh and BloodMyths of ChildhoodNew Hope for Children and Teens with Bipolar DisorderNew Look at ADHD: Inhibition, Time, and Self-ControlNo Child Left DifferentNo Two AlikeNon-Drug Treatments for ADHDNot Much Just Chillin'NurtureShockOdd Girl OutOdd Girl Speaks OutOne Hot SecondOne in ThirteenOphelia SpeaksOphelia's MomOur Journey Through High Functioning Autism and Asperger SyndromeOut of the WoodsOvercoming ADHDOvercoming School AnxietyParenting a Child Who Has Intense EmotionsParenting Children With ADHDParenting Your Out-Of-Control TeenagerPediatric PsychopharmacologyPediatric PsychopharmacologyPediatric PsychopharmacologyPeople with HyperactivityPhobic and Anxiety Disorders in Children and AdolescentsPINSPlease Don't Label My ChildPraising Boys WellPraising Girls WellProblem Child or Quirky Kid?Problem GirlsPsychotherapy for Children and AdolescentsPsychotherapy with Children and AdolescentsPurgeRaising a Moody ChildRaising BlazeRaising Generation RxRaising Resilient ChildrenReady or Not, Here Life ComesReclaiming Our ChildrenRedressing the EmperorReducing Adolescent RiskRemembering Our ChildhoodResilience in ChildrenRethinking ADHDReweaving the Autistic TapestryRitalin is Not the Answer Action GuideRitalin NationRunning on RitalinRunning with ScissorsRutter's Child and Adolescent PsychiatrySeeing EzraSex and the American TeenagerSex, Therapy, and KidsSexting and Young PeopleSexual Teens, Sexual MediaShort Term 12Should I Medicate My Child?SmashedSnapshots of AutismSongs Without WordsSophie Spikey Has a Very Big ProblemSpeakStaying Connected to Your TeenagerStick FigureStraight Talk about Psychiatric Medications for KidsStraight Talk about Psychological Testing for KidsStraight Talk about Your Child's Mental HealthStrange SonStudent DepressionSuicidal Behavior in Children and AdolescentsSurvival Strategies for Parenting Children with Bipolar DisorderSurviving OpheliaTaking Charge of ADHD, Revised EditionTaming the Troublesome ChildTemple GrandinThe American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook Of Child And Adolescent PsychiatryThe Anti-Romantic ChildThe Bipolar ChildThe Boy Who Loved WindowsThe Boy Who Was Raised as a DogThe Buffalo TreeThe Bully Action GuideThe Bully, the Bullied, and the BystanderThe Burn JournalsThe Color of AbsenceThe Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-TimeThe Depressed ChildThe Developing MindThe Dragons of AutismThe Einstein SyndromeThe EpidemicThe Evolution of ChildhoodThe Explosive ChildThe Eyes of van GoghThe Fasting GirlThe Field of the DogsThe Flight of a DoveThe Hidden Gifts of the Introverted ChildThe Horse BoyThe Identity TrapThe Inner World of a Suicidal YouthThe Inside Story on Teen GirlsThe Kindness of StrangersThe Last Normal ChildThe Little MonsterThe Medicated ChildThe Myth of LazinessThe New Gay TeenagerThe Nurture AssumptionThe OASIS Guide to Asperger SyndromeThe Other ParentThe Perversion of YouthThe Philosophy of AutismThe Psychoanalytic Study of the ChildThe Real Truth About Teens and SexThe Ride TogetherThe Rise and Fall of the American TeenagerThe Science of ADHDThe Sex Lives of TeenagersThe Survival Guide for Kids With LD*The Unhappy ChildThen Again, Maybe I Won'tTherapy with ChildrenThings I Have to Tell YouThings Tom LikesThrough the Glass WallThumbsuckerTotally WiredTouching Spirit BearTrauma in the Lives of ChildrenTreating ADHD and Comorbid DisordersTreatment of Childhood DisordersTwistedUnder the Wolf, Under the DogUnhappy TeenagersUnstrange MindsWastedWe've Got IssuesWeather Reports from the Autism FrontWhat about the KidsWhat in the World Are Your Kids Doing Online?What Works for Whom?What Would Joey Do?What's Happening to My Body? Book for BoysWhat's Happening to My Body? Book for GirlsWhat's Happening to Tom?When Nothing Matters AnymoreWhen Your Child Has an Eating DisorderWhose America?Why Don't Students Like SchoolWill's ChoiceWinnicott On the ChildWorried All the TimeYou Hear MeYoung Minds in Social WorldsYoung People and Mental HealthYour Child, Bully or Victim?

Related Topics
The Depressed ChildReview - The Depressed Child
A Parent's Guide for Rescuing Kids
by Douglas Riley
Taylor Publishing, 2001
Review by Monique Thornton, MSW
May 28th 2002 (Volume 6, Issue 22)

Douglas A. Riley’s book, The Depressed Child: A Parent’s Guide for Rescuing Kids, explores the nature of depression along with some of the most common negative statements that children with depression tell themselves as a part of their “internal program” or their belief system. Riley provides a concise overview of the nature of depression.  He has 20 years of experience treating children for depression and has realized that most children who are depressed need their parents, and a therapist, to help them navigate through the depression.  Through this book he helps parents examine their child’s faulty thought process, so they may help their child make a conscious choice, through hard work and cognitive behavioral therapy, to change their way of thinking.

The chapters describe each of several beliefs that depressed children think and perceive about life and themselves. The chapters include: “Death is an Option,” “I am Made of Inferior Stuff,” “My Mistakes are Proof that I am Worthless,” “No One will Ever Like Me,” “The “F” Word,” “I Can’t Live without This Person,” “I Must Be Going Crazy,” “My Parent Didn’t Love Me Enough,” “Substances Will Make Me Happy,” and “Nothing will Ever Change.”  The author also includes chapters on “Planning the Rescue Mission,” “Building Treatment Strategies,” and a brief chapter on “Associated Disorders.”

Throughout the book, Riley challenges a series of commonly held beliefs (denoted by each chapter) held by children, about their lives and relationships that have led them into depression. He skillfully challenges the beliefs through a variety of highly effective cognitive behavioral therapy techniques. For example, in the chapter, “I Must be Going Crazy” the author describes strategies to help kids deal with hearing voices (he discriminates between auditory hallucinations and voices of beliefs or negative thoughts). These strategies can be generalized to help deal with other faulty/negative beliefs. For example he says to imagine the negative thought/negative voice as a monster. Imagine the monster, two inches tall, running around, screaming, roaring, and shaking its fists. Visualize taking your foot and squishing this monster like a bug. This visualization exercise gives the child hope and a voice and helps her regain a sense of control. The thought, or voice, loses all power.

In each chapter Riley provides a list of the beliefs behind a main belief such as “substances will make me happy.” He describes that when depression and substance abuse are combined, kids’ thinking becomes more blunted and pessimistic. He explains that the therapist/or parent must first challenge the belief system of the child and then provide replacement beliefs. He states that reprogramming is difficult, so it is best to start these discussions about their beliefs early in life.

Riley discusses the question of what causes depression. He states that there are three main factors: How a person thinks, outside factors and a biochemical imbalance. Once the cause is determined, the therapist is able to make a plan of action. In conjunction with the therapists plan, the parent can learn how to talk to a child about what he is thinking and may be able to help him replace his depression causing thoughts with more productive ways of thinking. Riley describes that in addition to cognitive therapy the child may also need anti-depressants and supportive therapy to help cope with outside factors that may be affecting the child¹s depressive state.

Riley indicates how a faulty belief system leads to new faulty beliefs that leads to dangerous behaviors and or a depressive state of mind. He does not focus on where to place the blame for kids who are depressed. Instead he takes a highly organized, straightforward approach to helping kids challenge their own negative belief system. Once he is able to help kids realize how their beliefs are baseless, they are then one step closer to forming a new belief system based on reality.

The chapter “Building a treatment Strategy” describes treatment strategies of which parents should be aware. Riley provides information regarding the different types of mental health practitioners, inpatient vs. outpatient treatment, medication, and evaluation of the treatment process. Riley also provides three test case scenarios in order for the reader to test their clinical judgment. I found this chapter to provide highly reliable information that may be helpful to parents searching for the most appropriate treatment for their child.
In Riley’s final chapter he includes a “few kind words about depression.” Here he expresses how he struggles with the grief of when kids he has worked with have committed suicide. He states that fortunately not many kids who are depressed reach this point of desperation. Riley explains how parents are given a chance to help their kids when depression is strong enough to catch their attention. His experience is that most parents are surprised at how much information their children will share if they are only asked.

Riley describes that the journey to helping children must be taken on with the joint cooperation between therapist and parent. He emphasizes that the nature of depression is pervasive and that if the cognitive behavioral approach is not reinforced in the home, the treatment will not be as effective. He also reinforces some common-sense advice to parents about setting firm limits and helping their kids make better decisions.

Riley states, “in order to rescue your child from cognitive depression, you have to help him understand that the way he is thinking is what is actually causing him to be depressed. In order to help him escape depression, we will have to show him, sometimes quite dramatically, that his thinking is faulty.” Riley explores the idea that if a child has a thought-based cause for depression, then he needs to be given the tools to replace depression-causing thoughts with more productive ways of thinking.

Riley skillfully explains from a “strengths” perspective the cognitive behavioral approach to helping kids and families break free from depression. He encourages children to recognize that they have the ability to change. He provides children and families struggling with depression hope that their situation can improve and the tools for a lifetime of improved mental health.

© 2002 Monique Thorton

 

Monique Thornton earned her MSW in 1993 from the University of Kansas, and is the mother of a 5-year-old with Asperger Syndrome.


Share

Welcome to MHN's unique book review site Metapsychology. We feature over 7800 in-depth reviews of a wide range of books and DVDs written by our reviewers from many backgrounds and perspectives. We update our front page weekly and add more than thirty new reviews each month. Our editor is Christian Perring, PhD. To contact him, use one of the forms available here.

Can't remember our URL? Access our reviews directly via 'metapsychology.net'


Metapsychology Online reviewers normally receive gratis review copies of the items they review.
Metapsychology Online receives a commission from Amazon.com for purchases through this site, which helps us send review copies to reviewers. Please support us by making your Amazon.com purchases through our Amazon links. We thank you for your support!


Join our e-mail list!: Metapsychology New Review Announcements: Sent out monthly, these announcements list our recent reviews. To subscribe, click here.

Interested in becoming a book reviewer for Metapsychology? Currently, we especially need thoughtful reviewers for books in fiction, self-help and popular psychology. To apply, write to our editor.

Metapsychology Online Reviews

Promote your Page too

Metapsychology Online Reviews
ISSN 1931-5716