Straying
A Novel
By Molly McCloskey
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Feb 20th 2018.
Straying by Molly McCloskeyThis short novel reflects on the marriage of Alice to Eddie and her affair with Cauley, from the perspective of Alice as an older woman who has had a successful career and is just recovering from the death of her mother. She looks back on her sudden marriage after visiting Ireland from the USA, noting the intensity of her feelings, her restlessness as a young wife, and the self-destructiveness and excitement of her affair. The narrator shifts around in time, starting with the affair, going back to the marriage, coming to the present when Alice is living in Ireland again, taking a break from wo
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Current Controversies in Bioethics
By S. Matthew Liao and Colin O'Neil (editors)
Review by Kostas Koukouzelis on Tue, Feb 20th 2018.
Following progress in bioethics the volume at hand presents five currently important, albeit controversial topics in five areas of the ongoing bioethical discussion. The topics which also organize the layout of the book deal with research ethics, clinical ethics, reproductive ethics, neuroethics and public health ethics. The editors have very helpfully organized the material by including a pair of original essays for each topic by leading philosophers on the field in order to help readers enrich their approach with new perspectives, arguments and counter-arguments. The first topic, i.e., that
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Current Controversies in Bioethics by S. Matthew Liao and Colin O'Neil (editors)

Five Constraints on Predicting Behavior
By Jerome Kagan
Review by Maura Pilotti, PhD on Tue, Feb 20th 2018.
Five Constraints on Predicting Behavior by Jerome Kagan Five Constraints on Predicting Behavior, written by Jerome Kagan, is a seminal narrative that has the potential of reshaping the growing field of cognitive neuroscience. The principal reason is that his narrative addresses the obstacles that have prevented neuroscientists from understanding how time-bound, electrochemical states and changes, which define brain patterns across time, can translate into phenomena of perception, cognition, and behavior. Thus, it is not a narrative on any specific psychological phenomenon, but a call for action that offers a broad overview of the current state of t
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Don't be Fooled
A Philosophy of Common Sense
By Jan Bransen
Review by Bob Lane on Tue, Feb 20th 2018.
First an exchange with the author: I am working my way through your book on common sense and will be writing a review for "Metapsychology" when I am finished. My common sense tells me that I should ask you for a comment on critical thinking (informal logic) as taught in most philosophy departments today. I particularly like your comment, "No, common sense is not reactionary. I argue in the book that the basic slogan "Automatic pilot if possible and investigative attitude if necessary" shows that the capacity for critical thinking is a crucial part of common sense." Are critical thinking co
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Don't be Fooled by Jan Bransen

Ambivalence
A Philosophical Exploration
By Hili Razinsky
Review by Tereza HadravovŠ on Tue, Feb 13th 2018.
Ambivalence by Hili RazinskyHili Razinsky's book opens with a simple observation with far-reaching consequences. The fact that people actually are frequently, extensively, and deeply ambivalent creatures has not been, Razinsky argues, sufficiently acknowledged by most, if not all, philosophers. They usually treat ambivalence as a marginal and  "conceptually embarassing" (79) phenomenon. If diagnosed, it needs to be explained away: the very disclosure of ambivalence in a person's psychology is the main reason for her getting rid of it.  Ambivalence is understood as only a temporal and shallow, and thus unimporta
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Ethics at the End of Life
New Issues and Arguments
By John Davis (Editor)
Review by William Simkulet, Ph.D. on Tue, Feb 13th 2018.
Ethics at the End of Life: New Issues and Arguments is a collection of 14 newly published essays tackling some of the more scarcely discussed topics in contemporary ethics concerning life and death.  Editor John Davis claims the collection has “a focus on cutting-edge work and new issues.”  This is somewhat misleading, as most of the topics discussed in this collection are covered more thoroughly and persuasively elsewhere, and the discussion of any particular topic in this collection is incomplete, usually assuming the author is familiar with the touchstones issues in th
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Ethics at the End of Life by  John Davis (Editor)

The Arabic Freud
Psychoanalysis and Islam in Modern Egypt
By Omnia El Shakry
Review by Kate Mehuron on Tue, Feb 13th 2018.
The Arabic Freud by Omnia El ShakryOmnia El Shakry, in The Arabic Freud: Psychoanalysis and Islam in Modern Egypt, demonstrates the hybridization of Islamic discourses and psychoanalytic thought in postwar Egypt. She lays aside certain Western assumptions about either Islam or psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis is not assumed to be a secularizing humanism that challenges Islam. The latter is not taken as an ahistorical object of inquiry or as a monolithic religious discourse. Rather, Islam is presented as a rich, multivalent historical and discursive tradition. El Shakry posits a dialectical dynamic between psychoanalysis and medie
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The Meaning of Belief
Religion from an Atheistís Point of View
By Tim Crane
Review by B. Bailie Peterson on Tue, Feb 6th 2018.
Tim Crane's The Meaning of Belief: Religion from an Atheist's Point of View is a thin volume rich in content.  Within, Crane provides an account of religious belief from a neutral standpoint; takes on important criticisms; and provides a positive account of how we ought to understand and react to the religious beliefs of those we disagree with.  His take is both refreshing and important, charting new territory while constantly locating the project within an ongoing historical conversation about the social, psychological, and philosophical elements of religious belief.  This wo
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The Meaning of Belief by Tim Crane

 


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