Metapsychology Online Reviews - Volume 22, Number 29
 
Featured Reviews
The Whiz Mob and the Grenadine Kid by Colin MeloyThe Whiz Mob and the Grenadine Kid
by Colin Meloy
Tue, Jun 26th 2018
A Mirror Is for Reflection by Jake H. Davis (Editor)A Mirror Is for Reflection
by Jake H. Davis (Editor)
Tue, Jun 19th 2018
The Patient as Agent of Health and Health Care by Mark D. SullivanThe Patient as Agent of Health and Health Care
by Mark D. Sullivan
Tue, Jun 19th 2018
 
Process-Based CBT
The Science and Core Clinical Competencies of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
By Steven C Hayes and Stefan G Hofmann
Review by Roy Sugarman, Ph.D. on Tue, Jul 17th 2018.
Process-Based CBT by Steven C Hayes and Stefan G HofmannAstute readers will note that Hayes and others here are also proponent experts in ACT, a 3rd generation CBT, so the level of expertise to start is quite high. The gains to be made on this widely used way of helping people overcome mental illness include going beyond what is currently written, and opening new perspectives vial the application of science and philosophy both. In this way, as with ACT, the idea is to increase our focus on core therapeutic processes, in order to influence training and practice in the future by re-examining the core and thus translate this into improvements. Eviden
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The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics
By Anne Barnhill, Mark Budolfson, and Tyler Doggett (Editors)
Review by Silke Feltz on Tue, Jul 17th 2018.
The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics by Anne Barnhill, Mark Budolfson, and Tyler Doggett (Editors)Food ethics embraces a variety of different academic approaches and thus can be considered an interdisciplinary field that makes connections and builds bridges among disciplines such as philosophy, sociology, anthropology, economics, and rhetoric. The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics, edited by Anne Barnhill, Mark Budolfson, and Tyler Doggett, approaches food ethics through this multidisciplinary lens by including authors whose expertise lies in political philosophy, bioethics, agricultural food and community ethics, biology, medical anthropology, and more. The editors themselves represent compl
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Ancient Greek and Roman Slavery
By Peter Hunt
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jul 17th 2018.
Ancient Greek and Roman Slavery by Peter HuntWe know a great deal about the ancient civilizations of Athens and Rome, but much of it is about the senators, military leaders, battles, literature and philosophy. Recent scholarship has focused more on the lives of those who are not so prominent in traditional histories: the women, children, the merchants, the poor, and the slaves. It's no simple matter to work out what their lives were like, partly because of the great diversity of circumstances over many centuries, varying social customs, the stratification of their societies, and also because the main writers of the times said very little
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What are you staring at?
A Comic About Restorative Justice in Schools
By Pete Wallis and Joseph Wilkins
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jul 17th 2018.
What are you staring at? by Pete Wallis and Joseph WilkinsThis short illustrated book in the form of a graphic novel is aimed at children  to explain restorative justice. Two boys at school, Jake and Ryan, get into a fight, and the story explains how this is a result of the emotional difficulties Jake has after his uncle dies. It also shows how the fight leads to them being angry with each other and being unable to listen to each other. A counselor gets them to talk and this brings the wall between them down a bit, but it takes some effort at reconciliation to really make it possible for them to understand each other. Eventually they work it out
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The Moral Punishment Instinct
By Jan-Willem van Prooijen
Review by Wendy C. Hamblet, Ph.D. on Tue, Jul 10th 2018.
The Moral Punishment Instinct  by Jan-Willem van ProoijenIn the new book, The Moral Punishment Instinct, psychologist Jan-Willem van Prooijen focuses his analysis of punishment on the desire to punish, proclaiming up front that this desire is "a basic human instinct" (p. 5), "hard-wired" as an innate response into the brain of every human being. No proof is offered to substantiate this grounding assumption, and indeed, like all such sweeping claims about human nature, no proof is possible. Van Prooijen, arguing from the perspective of the "soft science" of psychology, resurrects afresh the language of basic human instincts and proceeds on the basi
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How to Be a Stoic
Using Ancient Philosophy to Live a Modern Life
By Massimo Piggliuci
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jul 10th 2018.
How to Be a Stoic by Massimo PiggliuciMassimo Piggliuci provides an entertaining and approachable guide to Stoic living in his recent book, How to Be a Stoic. He has been running his excellent blog of the same name since 2015. In the book he focuses on Stoicism as a way of life, which is mostly about controlling one's own emotions and one's relationships with other people. He acknowledges various strands of Stoic thought, but sticks mainly with the ideas of Epictetus. Since Stoicism was developed over hundreds of years in Ancient Greece and Rome, it evolved and varied considerably over time, and modern Stoics are still developing
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The Evolution of Beauty
How Darwin's Forgotten Theory of Mate Choice Shapes the Animal World - and Us
By Richard O. Prum
Review by Joseph Kranak on Tue, Jul 10th 2018.
The Evolution of Beauty by Richard O. PrumThe main question that Prum seeks to answer in The Evolution of Beauty is what drives the process of sexual selection. Evolution among animals is driven both by what animals manage to survive and who manage to have children and grandchildren. The latter usually translates into males fiercely competing for access to females, both through physical conflict between males and males competing to attract choosy females with ornamentation and courtship rituals. Prum, an ornithologist, is most interested in the latter, which is highly pronounced among numerous species of birds, where only a small perc
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Things You Didnt See
By Ruth Dugdall
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jul 10th 2018.
Things You Didnt See by Ruth DugdallThere are two narrators of this story, Cass and Holly. There's a big cast of characters, but they are both central. The book takes place in Suffolk, England, in a small town. Cass's mother is found shot, and the emergency services take her to hospital. The police follow the cue of Cass's father who said it was a suicide attempt, but it turns out that there are plenty of people with a motive to kill her mother, because she was planning to sell her farm, while others had plans to make other uses of the property. It turns out Cass is emotionally troubled and has been hospitalized for possibly sel
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Phenomenology of Illness
By Havi Carel
Review by Anna K. Swartz on Tue, Jul 3rd 2018.
Phenomenology of Illness by Havi Carel In the beginning is an interruption. Disease interrupts life, and illness then means living with the perpetual interruption. — Arthur Frank, The Wounded Storyteller (p. 56) Being seriously sick or having a life-altering major illness directly changes how we experience and inhabit the world. Illness not only has the capacity to shrink, or even destroy, one's world, but is palpably transformative. Its dramatic and overarching change to a person's corporeal existence is often profoundly violent as it transforms our very being in the world, including our relationship to the external envir
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A Philosophy for the Science of Well-Being
By Anna Alexandrova
Review by Daniel J. Dunleavy on Tue, Jul 3rd 2018.
A Philosophy for the Science of Well-Being by Anna AlexandrovaIn contemporary Western societies, discussions of "well-being" seem ever-present. Government organizations show increased concern for their citizen's well-being (e.g. Administration for Children and Families, 2012; National Institutes of Health, 2017), professionals offer strategies for increasing one's own well-being (e.g. Tartakovsky, 2016; Whitbourne, 2013), and researchers continue attempts to precisify this seemingly unwieldly concept (e.g. Amerijckx & Humblet, 2013; Jones, LaLiberte, & Piescher, 2015). In A Philosophy for the Science of Well-Being (2017) Anna Alexandrova, philoso
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Don't Wake Up
By Liz Lawler
Review by on Tue, Jul 3rd 2018.
Don't Wake Up by Liz LawlerDr. Alex Taylor works in a hospital in Bath, in southwest Britain. This mystery novel starts off with her in a hospital bed, waking up to find herself restrained. The doctor with her makes a threat to do a horrific procedure on her, unless she says what the doctor wants her to say. Then she wakes up again, again in a hospital bed, but this time with familiar people around her. She tells them what happened to her but they don't really believe her. Alex has had a difficult time in the last year or so, and her emotional stability was already under threat with the demands of her high pressure job.
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Getting Off
One Woman's Journey Through Sex and Porn Addiction
By Erica Garza
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jul 3rd 2018.
Getting Off by Erica GarzaIn her memoir of her life, Erica Garza portrays herself as a sexual addict. This is a difficult task to attempt since many readers will be suspicious that sex and porn can be genuinely addictive. However, the greater problem for Garza is her interpretation of herself as being unhappy. One might think that one can at least know if one is happy or unhappy, but Getting Off presents a case of someone who seems to have plenty of success, plenty of friends, family harmony, and no material struggles. She certainly has a lot of sex and uses a lot of porn to masturbate with, and through her teen years
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Reflections on Ethics and Responsibility
Essays in Honor of Peter A. French
By Zachary J. Goldberg (Editor)
Review by William Simkulet, Ph.D. on Tue, Jun 26th 2018.
Reflections on Ethics and Responsibility by Zachary J. Goldberg (Editor)Reflections on Ethics and Responsibility: Essays in Honor of Peter A. French is a collection of essays written in the analytic tradition on moral agency and responsibility that address a variety of topics in ethics found in the work of ethicist Peter A. French.  The collection consists of fourteen essays on topics from various corners of contemporary moral philosophy, largely focusing on questions of moral responsibility and moral agency.  The first thirteen essays are written by influential moral philosophers, including noteworthy contributions by Ishtiyaque Haji, John Martin Fische
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The Pervert
By Michelle Perez
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jun 26th 2018.
The Pervert by Michelle PerezThe description of this graphic novel on the publisher web site explains that it is about a trans sex worker in Seattle.  Some parts of this are more obscure than others when reading it. There is not much clue the story is set in Seattle, and it takes a little working out that the main character is a trans woman, at least until we see her naked. This is a melancholy narrative gives people dog and cat faces, which makes them look sad but pretty hard to read apart from that. The narrator, who is the main character, leads a brutal life trading sex for life, getting harassed and experiencing
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Song of Riddles
Deciphering the Song of Songs
By Geula Twersky
Review by Bob Lane, MA on Tue, Jun 26th 2018.
Song of Riddles by Geula TwerskyGeula Twersky has written an extra-ordinary book: start with the title, Song of Riddles, which announces immediately the approach taken in the analysis of the biblical "Song of Songs"- one of the most beautiful and, to many, puzzling, books to have been included in the collection of writings included in the Bible – and then consider the author, an award-winning artist who has exhibited in galleries around the world – go here to see some of her works – who also publishes scholarly articles in academic journals anent the study of the early Jewish texts. The title states that
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