Living with Bipolar Disorder A Handbook for Patients and Their Families By Karen R. Brock Review by Roy Sugarman, PhD on Tue, Jan 20th 2015.
In the big scheme of things, Bipolar Affective Disorder is not too prevalent, but when it does hit, despite its rarity, it hits hard. Many will take their own lives, as my cousin and a friend or three have done, or will spend their lives unable to keep a job or marriage going. Diagnosis is not guaranteed either, taking years in some cases. As with any major mental affliction, it takes family and friends along on a bumpy ride. As one of my friends noted, when he took his life just after getting engaged to be married, being up was great, but being down again, which he knew was coming sooner rath Click here to read the full review!
The Pleasure's All Mine A History of Perverse Sex By Julie Peakman Review by Robert Scott Stewart, Ph.D. on Tue, Jan 20th 2015.
Although the phrase "sexual perversion" was first used only in the late 19th century when the burgeoning field of sexology was in its early stages, notions of 'improper' sexual activity have existed throughout human history. Indeed, as Peakman says, "most sexual acts have been deemed abnormal by someone at one time or another, while conversely, at different times those same sexual behaviors have been deemed acceptable by other groups of people" (7). The Pleasure's All Mine presents us with an absolutely fascinating and detailed look at the history of a wide array of these activi Click here to read the full review!
The Violence of Care Rape Victims, Forensic Nurses, and Sexual Assault Intervention By Sameena Mulla Review by Hennie Weiss on Tue, Jan 20th 2015.
In The Violence of Care: Rape Victims, Forensic Nurses, and Sexual Assault Intervention, Sameena Mulla focuses her attention and research on victims/patients of sexual assault as they come to the emergency room at a Baltimore hospital. Working as a rape crisis advocate Mulla gains insight into how patients are treated, how nurses cope with their responsibilities of being both care-givers and evidence collectors, and how blending both the medical and legal professions ultimately shapes the way in which patients are labeled (as compliant, non-compliant, ideal or not ideal victims, as r Click here to read the full review!
Confucianism A Very Short Introduction By Daniel K. Gardner Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jan 20th 2015.
We turn to books in the Very Short Introduction series when we are looking for the basics about a subject. Probably we will also do a web search at the same time, maybe starting with the Wikipedia entry. How useful these VSI books are will depend on what detail of information we are looking for. It provides about 136 pages, setting out the historical information about Confucius and his followers, and their views. There are six chapters and an epilogue, spelling out the role of an individual and their relation to society, and the Confucian view of government. Gardner explains the ways in Click here to read the full review!
Early in his lectures on 'genetic epistemology' delivered in 1968 at the University of Columbia, Jean Piaget described the basic tenet of this version of epistemology modeled after natural scientific research as follows:
The fundamental hypothesis of genetic epistemology is that there is a parallelism between the progress made in the logical and rational organization of knowledge and the corresponding formative psychological processes. Well now, if that is our hypothesis, what will be our field of study? Of course, the most fruitful, most obvious field of study would be reconstituting human h Click here to read the full review!
Policing Sexuality The Mann Act and the Making of the FBI By Jessica R. Pliley Review by Hennie Weiss on Tue, Jan 13th 2015.
In Policing Sexuality: The Mann Act and the Making of the FBI, Jessica R. Pliley tracks the history of the FBI in their efforts to curb and reduce prostitution in America. In 1910, the White Slave Traffic Act, also known as the Mann Act, was enacted to protect women (and young girls) from prostitution and sexual exploitation. Pliley describes how throughout much of FBI´s history enforcing the Mann Act, cases in which white women (as described in the name of the of the act) were deemed victims got precedent over cases in which (especially) Black women were trafficked and forced into Click here to read the full review!
The Myth of Mirror Neurons The Real Neuroscience of Communication and Cognition By Gregory Hickok Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jan 13th 2015.
If you Google "mirror neurons," one of the top results currently comes from a website Brainfacts.org that reports on an experiment measuring the activity of these neurons in monkeys, where it was apparently found that they fire when seeing someone else perform an activity of reaching food. It has been hypothesized that mirror neurons are at the heart of our understanding of other people's actions and emotions. Some have suggested that mirror neurons are the basis for social neuroscience. Great things have been claimed for these neurons. Yet in a recent review article, "Wh Click here to read the full review!
In the early 1970s Michael Ruse's The Philosophy of Biology (1973) and David Hull's Philosophy of Biological Science (1974) introduced the philosophy of biology to a wide audience and by now readers interested in evolution by natural selection can chose from a wide selection of text books and supplementary publications. The easily accessible Zimmer (2001) and Dawkins (2006), the more demanding but rewarding Gould (2002), Maynard Smith & Szathmáry (1997) and Mayr (2001) offer introductions for general readers, and Hurford (2007) and Tomasello (2008) cover the topi Click here to read the full review!
Foucault Now By James Faubion (Editor) Review by Wendy C. Hamblet, Ph.D. on Tue, Jan 6th 2015.
James Faubion announces that the aim of his new book, Foucault Now, lies far beyond the usual collection of interpretations and applications of Foucault's groundbreaking work. Instead, Faubion sees this latest study as "coming to fresh terms and making fresh work with the conceptual details and the broader scope of the programmatic dimensions of Michel Foucault's thought" (p. 1). In this volume, leading voices in the field reflect on the ongoing significance, impact and relevance of this revolutionary thinker who, despite his untimely death in 1984, foresaw many of the problems that face Click here to read the full review!
Mental Biology The New Science of How the Brain and Mind Relate By W.R. Klemm Review by Leo Uzych, J.D., M.P.H. on Tue, Jan 6th 2015.
Mental Biology is a book about brain and consciousness. The author, W.R. Klemm, DVM, PhD, is a professor in the College of Veterinary Medicine, at Texas A & M University; Klemm is, as well, a prolific writer, authoring over 500 publications. In the book's "Preface", Klemm states forthrightly that the thrust of the book is about brain and consciousness (with consciousness being viewed from womb to tomb). The book's contents are, in fact, an intellectually expansive repository, harboring a copious amount of neuroscientific centric discourse. The textual discours Click here to read the full review!
There are not many great Marxist/feminist rock bands, but Gang of Four have a strong claim of being among them. Entertainment was their first album, released in 1979, is innovative both musically and with its lyrics; it was a time of many great albums. Wire had released Pink Flag in 1977, Chairs Missing in 1978, and 154 in 1979. Magazine released Real Life in 1978 and Secondhand Daylight in 1979. Indeed, the list of the NME's top albums of 1979 shows many great works:
1. Fear of Music - Talking Heads
2. Metal B Click here to read the full review!
Cerebrum Anthology 2013 Emerging Ideas in Brain Science By Bill Glovin (Editor) Review by Roy Sugarman, Ph.D. on Tue, Dec 30th 2014.
I just love books like this. In the shape of the greats, this series from the Dana Foundation allow for quick and easy, but erudite reading of exciting ideas and progress in neuroscience. So paging through, we bump into Chris Nowinski's Hit Parade, the future of the sports concussion crisis, which of course is a real issue in an America dedicated to its sentinel sports, even when the risks are emerging as so high. Traumatic encephalopathies are so troubling, leading young men to commit suicide, and yet to be thoughtful enough to donate their brains to science, asking science to explain what we Click here to read the full review!
Generation Dada The Berlin Avant-Garde and the First World War By Michael White Review by Sharon Packer, MD on Tue, Dec 30th 2014.
In this book, Michael White focuses on the friendships that forged the enigmatic and difficult to define avant-garde art movement (or anti-art movement) known as "Dada." He quotes Richard Huelsenbeck (1892-1974) who said that, "Dada is a club, founded in Berlin."
Whether Dada began in Berlin or in Zurich (at the Café Voltaire) is open to question. The exact specifications of Dada art are also open to question, for Dada remains "the most indefinable of the 20th century's counterculture movements." In spite of this ambiguity, Click here to read the full review!
Global Philosophy What Philosophy Ought to Be By Nicholas Maxwell Review by Thomas Mengel on Tue, Dec 30th 2014.
Executive Summary: In essence, Maxwell's (2014) "new" book GLOBAL PHILOSOPHY again suggests that we (universities in general and academic philosophy in particular) so far failed to live up to the task of helping to learn how to live by addressing the problems that matter; to overcome the disasters we are facing and the blunders we have created, "universities need to take up the task of helping humanity learn how to make progress towards as good a world as possible" (p. 176). Yet, the potential reader has to take the book, review the table of contents, or turn it over and read the back Click here to read the full review!
Wolf in White Van By John Darnielle Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Dec 30th 2014.
Darnielle's narrator talks to the reader, or maybe himself. He is an adult man, talking mostly about the past, and the facts slowly come out. At first the details are very unclear, but it seems there was some kind of accident that led to him being socially rejected, unable to work with others. He explains the game that he created, an old fashioned kind that requires people to send in self-addressed stamped envelopes with their next move in the game. He has had a lot of time to think about the game, Trace Italian, and design many different moves. Then it turns out that he has been prosecuted, u Click here to read the full review!
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