Metapsychology Online Reviews - Volume 22, Number 33
 
Featured Reviews
Process-Based CBT by Steven C Hayes and Stefan G HofmannProcess-Based CBT
by Steven C Hayes and Stefan G Hofmann
Tue, Jul 17th 2018
The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics by Anne Barnhill, Mark Budolfson, and Tyler Doggett (Editors)The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics
by Anne Barnhill, Mark Budolfson, and Tyler Doggett (Editors)
Tue, Jul 17th 2018
Ancient Greek and Roman Slavery by Peter HuntAncient Greek and Roman Slavery
by Peter Hunt
Tue, Jul 17th 2018
 
Addiction and Self-Control
Perspectives from Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience
By Neil Levy (Editor)
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Aug 14th 2018.
Addiction and Self-Control by Neil Levy (Editor)This collection of 12 papers by philosophers and psychologists has important contributions to the field of addiction studies, mainly addressing the question of whether addicts have the ability to control their own behavior. It overlaps with moral philosophy, with some papers also addressing whether addicts should be blamed when their addictive behavior leads to the harm of others. There are a couple of papers on Ainslie's picoeconomic approach to understanding gambling addiction, which sees the irrationality of addictive behavior largely as a matter of hyperbolic discounting of our preference
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God
A Human History
By Reza Aslan
Review by John D. Mullen on Tue, Aug 14th 2018.
God by Reza AslanReza Aslan is an important type of thinker, putting him in a category, for example, with Steven Pinker. That is, he brings to his argument a wide range of fields of research, from which he attempts a synthesis that leads to a credible conclusion. In the work in question we read of the history, psychology and sociology of religions as well evolutionary theory, philosophy, mysticism, and in the end, a theological proposal. Scholars who spend their lives working within a narrow field often think of such writers as dilatants, though that may be explained by the fact that synthesizing of this kind
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Ethics in Everyday Places
Mapping Moral Stress, Distress, and Injury
By Tom Koch
Review by Lisa Bellantoni, Ph.D. on Tue, Aug 14th 2018.
Ethics in Everyday Places by Tom KochIn Ethics in Everyday Places, Tom Koch, a medical geographer and bioethicist, explores what he terms "the mapping of ethics." He begins by examining "moral distress," which arises when an individual agent's moral judgments or sensibilities conflict with his or her social, institutional or professional obligations. Like other professionals – nurses, physicians, social workers – cartographers regularly face such conflicts between what they believe is right and what their positions require of them. Indeed, Koch identifies such challenges as endemic across professional life. Moreo
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Release
By Patrick Ness
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Aug 14th 2018.
Release by Patrick NessAdam is 17 and gay. He lives in small town Washington State. His parents are evangelical Christians. He has a best friend, Angela, who he tells everything to, and who covers for him when he needs to lie to his parents. He has a boyfriend but he is still very preoccupied by his ex. Release tells the story of one day of crisis, where he is planning to go to a farewell party for his ex. His boss at a big-box store is sexually harassing him. His brother, a committed Christian in the tradition of their parents, tells Adam that gay love is not real love. And the difficulties keep on coming
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Yoga for Athletes
By Ryanne Cunningham
Review by Beth Cholette, Ph.D. on Tue, Aug 7th 2018.
Yoga for Athletes by Ryanne CunninghamAuthor and yoga instructor Ryanne Cunningham lives in the Green Bay area, where she works with team members of the Green Bay Packers as well as athletes in other sports.  In this book, she argues that yoga can serve to enhance the already rigorous training programs of both professional and amateur athletes by brining greater balance to the entire body.  Some of the benefits she postulates include assistance with muscle recovery and injury prevention, plus reducing stress, increasing focus, strengthening underused muscles, building the core, and improving sleep. Chapter 2, "Getting S
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Respecting Animals
A Balanced Approach to Our Relationship with Pets, Food, and Wildlife
By David S. Favre
Review by Bob Fischer on Tue, Aug 7th 2018.
Respecting Animals by David S. FavreDavid Favre is one of the pioneers of animal law. He was the founding officers of the Animal Legal Defense Fund, his books on animal law has become standard in the field, and he’s received numerous awards for his tireless legal advocacy. He is perhaps best known for two ideas: first, the proposal that the law should recognize animals as “living property”; second, the thought that the appropriate standard for assessing the treatment of animals is “respectful use.” Favre offers the former as an alternative to current models of property rights, which don’t dist
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Not a Crime to Be Poor
The Criminalization of Poverty in America
By Peter Edelman
Review by Brian Morreale on Tue, Aug 7th 2018.
Not a Crime to Be Poor by Peter EdelmanAlthough America is one of the wealthiest countries in the world, the endless cycle of poverty is raising concern among other nations. Many scholars, politicians, social workers, and teachers work to reduce poverty and provide greater opportunities for people less fortunate. Peter Edelman’s recent book, Not a Crime to Be Poor: The Criminalization of Poverty in America, calls for reform within our social programs and judicial system.           Edelman discusses the flaws in the American court system to which low income families fall victi
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How to Stop Feeling Like Shit
14 Habits that Are Holding You Back from Happiness
By Andrea Owen
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Aug 7th 2018.
How to Stop Feeling Like Shit by Andrea OwenThis book was published by Seal Press, which was founded in the 1970s and used to be explicitly feminist. The publishing industry has had a great deal of change in recent years, and Seal Press got bought and moved around many times. For the last two years it has been part of Da Capo Press, which is part of the Hachette book group. That Seal Press published this title is notable because while Andrea Owen is focused on women, the book doesn't have any indication of providing a feminist analysis. It's a self-help book that targets shame and encourages women to change themselves in order to achiev
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Midlife
A Philosophical Guide
By Kieran Setiya
Review by J. Jeremy Wisnewski on Tue, Jul 31st 2018.
Midlife by Kieran SetiyaMidlife: A Philosophical Guide is an accessible, engaging book. As the author describes it, the book "is a self-help book in that it is an attempt to help myself, with the hope that what helps me will help you, too. It is an approach to the midlife crisis from the inside," (23). As the title suggests, the book aims to address the philosophical issues surrounding the middle of life, an area under-explored philosophically. Not surprisingly, a consideration of midlife leads naturally to some considerations of death and of early life. At issue are not only the specific questions that arise at
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Tech Generation
Raising Balanced Kids in a Hyper-Connected World
By Mike Brooks and Jon Lasser
Review by Bob Lane, MA on Tue, Jul 31st 2018.
Tech Generation by Mike Brooks and Jon LasserParents often worry about raising kids in a tech-saturated world - the threats of cyberbullying, video game violence, pornography, and sexting may seem inescapable. And while these dangers exist, there is a much more common and subtle way that technology can cause harm: by eroding our attention spans. Focused attention is fundamental to maintaining quality relationships, but our constant interaction with screens and social media is shortening our attention spans - which takes a toll on our personal connections with friends and family and our ability to form real relationships. Tech Generation
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Circe
By Madeline Miller
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jul 31st 2018.
Circe by Madeline  MillerCirce is a lesser nymph, a god with some similarities to humans. She falls in love with men, and she sings with a human voice. She is immortal, and this makes relationships very different. While she looks young and attractive, she is thousands of years old. Circe spends a lot of time pondering the difference between gods and mortals and she comes up with many differences. Although a god herself, albeit a minor one, she is not a great admirer of the gods, and is more drawn to mortals. She is repelled by the cruelty of the gods, and she takes a defiant attitude towards her father. She doesn't ha
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The Dangerous Art of Blending In
By Angelo Surmelis
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jul 31st 2018.
The Dangerous Art of Blending In by Angelo SurmelisEvan Panos is a high school senior at the start of the school year. He has several secrets. One is that he is gay. He has not come out to his family or his friends, but his mother suspects. She is so worried that she sent him to Christian camp during the summer, to put him back on the straight and narrow. But he met another boy there who he liked, and they kissed. He hasn't told his best friend Henry about this, and the two of them don't face up to the attraction between them. Evan also lies to his friends about the source of the many bruises and injuries he has. He says that he is just clumsy
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Yoga Therapy
A Personalized Approach for Your Active Lifestyle
By Kristen Butera and Staffan Elgelid
Review by Beth Cholette, Ph.D. on Tue, Jul 24th 2018.
Yoga Therapy by Kristen Butera and Staffan ElgelidOne of the authors of this work, Staffan Elgelid, edited a previous book with a similar title that I reviewed for this site, Yoga Therapy: Theory and Practice.  That short volume provided a solid foundation in the research demonstrating the effectiveness of yoga therapy, but it offered little in the way of practical applications.  Yoga Therapy: A Personalized Approach for Your Active Lifestyle makes for a perfect follow-up that that earlier release.  This stand-alone work targets yoga practitioners as its main audience, but yoga instructors will find a wealth of w
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The Science of Sleep
What It Is, How It Works, and Why It Matters
By Wallace B. Mendelson
Review by Maura Pilotti, PhD on Tue, Jul 24th 2018.
The Science of Sleep by  Wallace B. MendelsonIn The Science of Sleep: What It Is, How It Works, and Why It Matters, Wallace B. Mendelson provides an insightful as well as accessible overview of the phenomenon of sleep. The overview is effectively organized into topical chapters, each answering a set of key questions likely to be asked by a special kind of reader, one that not only is curious about sleep, but also values scientific rigor in the answers he/she receives. The author's narrative begins with conventional matters involving the main features of sleep and its functional and structural components. Then, it moves to more
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Sleep
The Myth of 8 Hours, the Power of Naps, and the New Plan to Recharge Your Body and Mind
By Nick Littlehales
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Jul 24th 2018.
Sleep by Nick LittlehalesNick Littlehales argues that we sleep in 90 minute cycles, and that we need to go through 4 or 5 of these sleep cycles each day. But we do not need to get them in one continuous period of sleep: we can have a shorter sleep and then get another cycle later in the day with a 90 minute nap, preferably in the early afternoon. These are the distinctive features of his message, and he also endorses many of the other bullet points that are familiar from other sleep experts: sleep is important for mental and physical health, and should not be skimped, we sleep better with a regular bedtime, free of el
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