Metapsychology Online Reviews - Volume 22, Number 41
 
Featured Reviews
Morals Not Knowledge by John H. EvansMorals Not Knowledge
by John H. Evans
Tue, Sep 4th 2018
Beyond Bioethics by Osagie K. Obasogie and Marcy Darnovsky (Editors)Beyond Bioethics
by Osagie K. Obasogie and Marcy Darnovsky (Editors)
Tue, Sep 4th 2018
Adoption Beyond Borders by Rebecca ComptonAdoption Beyond Borders
by Rebecca Compton
Tue, Sep 4th 2018
 
The Neuroscientist Who Lost Her Mind
My Tale of Madness and Recovery
By Barbara K. Lipska
Review by Roy Sugarman, PhD on Tue, Oct 9th 2018.
The Neuroscientist Who Lost Her Mind by Barbara K. LipskaThe amount of books one can buy which tell the tale of authors who suffered and recovered from some seemingly insurmountable illness is climbing steadily, and some even make it into the movies: recently, Brain on Fire described the most deadly of these which the initially wrote off to mental illness rather than the neurochemistry of glutamate.  Some books describe the experience of neurologists who slip and fall on icy pavement, some of a neurologist who discovers, after a ride at the fair, how a leg refuses to climb into bed with him. In all of these descriptions, experts who should know
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Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility
By Katrina Hutchison, Catriona Mackenzie & Marina Oshana (Editors)
Review by Susanne Uusitalo, PhD on Tue, Oct 9th 2018.
Social Dimensions of Moral Responsibility by Katrina Hutchison, Catriona Mackenzie & Marina Oshana (Editors)Moral responsibility is a classic topic in philosophy, but it has various aspects; it can deal with challenges of free will, our moral agency, blaming and praising or something else. This volume touches upon many of the discussion, but it also brings together three fields in recent philosophy and this in turn enables discussions about moral responsibility and agency in refreshing and novel ways. The first field is constituted by the recent accounts of moral responsibility that focus on our interpersonal and social practices (after P. F. Strawson). The second concerns the discussions of relatio
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A Minimal Libertarianism
Free Will and the Promise of Reduction
By Christopher Evan Franklin
Review by Kim Davies on Tue, Oct 9th 2018.
A Minimal Libertarianism by Christopher Evan FranklinFranklin's A Minimal Libertarianism is an attempt to reconcile the scientific picture of ourselves as situated within the natural causal order, with the manifest picture of ourselves as having such control over our actions – or free will - as is required for moral responsibility and which underpins our practices of holding people morally accountable. This is to be achieved by: i) rejecting non-causal and agent-causal forms of libertarianism which seem to place humans outside the natural causal order ii) accepting agency reductionism, which reduces the causal role of the agent t
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Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 7
By Mark C Timmons (Editor)
Review by Adrian Staples on Tue, Oct 9th 2018.
Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 7 by Mark C Timmons (Editor)The Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics Series is annual publication of new work from philosophers in normative ethical theory. It is designed for scholars and for students working in moral philosophy. This collection of thirteen essays is the seventh in the series, edited by Mark C. Timmons. The thirteen essays in this collection were presented at the 2016 meeting of the Arizona Workshop in Normative Ethics. The seventh volume of the series begins with a concise introduction to its contents. As promised, the contributions to the volume cover a wide range of current moral issues and
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The Power
By Naomi Alderman
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Oct 9th 2018.
The Power by Naomi AldermanThis science fiction work addresses a feminist fantasy of women's great power -- an ability to deliver electric shocks. The novel, which imagines it is written in the distant future about their distant past, by a man, tells the story of how this power developed and how it changed history. But the events set basically in the current time with cable news and cell phones. It has many characters, in the UK, the USA, Africa, and South America. The three main ones are Roxy, initially a girl in England, Eve, a sort of nun in the American South, and Tunde, a reporter from Nigeria. Women gradually take
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Shadows of the Soul
Philosophical Perspectives on Negative Emotions
By Christine Tappolet, Fabrice Teroni and Anita Konzelmann Ziv (Editors)
Review by Robert Zaborowski on Tue, Oct 2nd 2018.
Shadows of the Soul by Christine Tappolet, Fabrice Teroni and Anita Konzelmann Ziv (Editors) This is a collection of 14 papers 10 of which were published in French in 2011 as Les Ombres de l'Âme: Penser les Émotions Negatives. The current collection is published in honor of Kevin Mulligan, one of the leading scholars in the area of the philosophy of emotions. As a whole, mainly because of the brevity of the chapters this is a volume pleasant and easy to read. The downside of that is, however, that the reader is faced with shortcomings and simplifications. In the Introduction the three Editors draw on a distinction between negative and positive emotions.
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The Compassionate Connection
The Healing Power of Empathy and Mindful Listening
By David Rakel, MD; with Susan K. Golant, MA
Review by Iraklis Ioannidis on Tue, Oct 2nd 2018.
The Compassionate Connection by David Rakel, MD; with Susan K. Golant, MABy its title, David Rakel's The Compassionate Connection: The Healing Power of Empathy and Mindful Listening might seem like another book about empathy and mindfulness. That, however, would be a premature diagnosis, one that would betray a not so careful reading of the book. This book, though, is all about giving care and connecting with others, be it with "an ailing friend or a loved one," with "a patient or client or coworker" (p. 230), or with a "manager" or a "parent" (p.150). If empathy and mindfulness are the essential conditions for connecting with others, then Rakel is writin
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Psychoanalysis
Topological Perspectives: New Conceptions of Geometry and Space in Freud and Lacan
By Michael Friedman and Samo Tomšič (Editors)
Review by Diana Soeiro, Ph D. on Tue, Oct 2nd 2018.
Psychoanalysis by Michael Friedman and Samo Tomšič (Editors)Topology is a branch of mathematics that formalizes places and shifts without measurements. It became popular during the nineteenth century dealing with aspects of geometrical figures that remain invariant when they are being transformed. In that sense, for example, a circle and an ellipse are topologically considered to be equivalent because both have the ability to transform into each other with no cutting or pasting. (Nobus 2003, 63) Trained as a forensic psychiatrist, Jacques Lacan (1901-1981) worked as a psychoanalyst and psychiatrist. His philosophical perspective was strongly influence
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Always Forever Maybe
By Anica Mrose Rissi
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Oct 2nd 2018.
Always Forever Maybe by Anica Mrose RissiThis YA novel is about a girl being physically abused by her boyfriend, and how she gets sucked into believing it is her fault. Not only that, but Betts also blows off her best friend Jo because she wants to be with Aiden. There's a real challenge in getting the right balance in narration, since Betts, who tells her own story, has to be a sympathetic character, but also in some ways has to be seen to lack judgment or lose control of her own actions. She is a high school senior and Aiden is older than her, so she is soon on her way to college. Indeed, she is going to a highly rated school, so s
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Democracy Struggles
By Joe Panzica
Review by Kaolin on Tue, Oct 2nd 2018.
Democracy Struggles by Joe PanzicaDemocracy Struggles covers the birth of the United States relationship with democratic ideals from 1789 to the present. It is 172 pages, 13 Chapters with 103 Color Illustrations, 7 Graphs, a Vocabulary Break and Review Segment.      Recurring themes are the survival of the populace, issues of trust and conflicting realities merged with a focus on an idealized self. It speaks to the issues inherent in the attempts for harmony and equality while it questions whether either are possible as both lay beneath the veil of classism and racism. In my opinion we have always had
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The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Consent
By Andreas Müller and Peter Schaber (Editors)
Review by Joseph Kranak on Tue, Sep 25th 2018.
The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Consent by Andreas Müller and Peter Schaber (Editors)The Routledge Handbook of the Ethics of Consent is a collection essays on the philosophical issues surrounding consent. Like other Routledge Handbooks, it is written as a series of essays by different authors, each covering a different topic related to consent, all written by appropriate specialists. It is divided into five parts: general questions, normative ethics, legal theory, medical ethics, and political philosophy. Mostly, the essays do not focus on defending a specific position but rather on summarizing the relevant questions and debates. The first part, General Questions, starts
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The Wisdom of Frugality
Why Less Is More - More or Less
By Emrys Westacott
Review by Maura Pilotti, PhD on Tue, Sep 25th 2018.
The Wisdom of Frugality by Emrys WestacottThe Virtue of Frugality, by Emrys Westacott, is an informed contribution to the literature devoted to understanding human nature. This literature has an illustrious membership list. For instance, almost a century ago, Solomon Asch, a social psychologist attempted to identify traits that shape first impressions. He found that if a list of adjectives purportedly describing a stranger differed from another list by one single critical adjective, such as cold versus warm, the impression that people had of the stranger would be considerably more or less positive, depending on whether warm or cold wa
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The Limits of Free Will
By Paul Russell
Review by Hans Krauch on Tue, Sep 25th 2018.
The Limits of Free Will by Paul RussellRussell's book represents the culmination of over a decade of work, but for sake of brevity this review will take slightly less time to produce than it took for this book to be made.  We will begin with a note that this is not meant to be an introductory text so only one already familiar with the subject would get the full benefits from its pages.  I do hope that this represents the latest mainstream trend in the study of Free Will, as it politely casts rightful doubt on many positions that have not improved in quality for at least several generations.  His position is stated t
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Untrue
Why Nearly Everything We Believe About Women, Lust, and Infidelity Is Wrong and How the New Science Can Set Us Free
By Wednesday Martin
Review by Christian Perring on Tue, Sep 25th 2018.
Untrue  by Wednesday MartinWe are familiar with the high rate of infidelity in the US, and it's easy to understand it using the stereotype of men wanting sex and women wanting security and intimacy. Wednesday Martin argues against this stereotype, arguing that females in many primate species are motivated to engage in sex outside their main relationships for a variety of reasons. In this wide-ranging book she explores female initiation and engagement in infidelity, extra-marital sex, multiple partners, polyamory, and other forms of women's pursuing non-traditional relationships. She is not necessarily a proponent of alt
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The Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy
By Jonardan Ganeri (Editor)
Review by Prashant Kumar on Tue, Sep 25th 2018.
The Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy by Jonardan Ganeri (Editor)This is a review of the last three sections (tilted "Philosophy from Gaṅgeśa, Early Modernity: New Philosophy in India and Freedom & Identity on the Eve of Independence") of The Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy that includes 11 chapters written by renowned scholars on their respective fields of scholarship. The three sections under review here broadly discuss the philosophical writings that originate between 14th century south Asian thought and Indian independence. Though this handbook has deliberately chosen specific scholars for the elaboration of thei
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